The Great War

Please sit in your assigned seats and
quietly follow the directions below:
Use the poems on the Persinski weebly regarding
“White Man’s Burden” to address the following
After reading both Kipling and Crosby’s poems, on
the “White Man’s Burden” write a constructed
response (1 paragraph or more) that discusses the
two poems and evaluates your position on
imperialism (which one do you agree with?). Be
sure to support your position with evidence from
the poems (give examples and explain!).
USHC Standard 5: The student will demonstrate an
understanding of domestic and foreign developments
that contributed to the emergence of the United
States as a world power in the twentieth century.
USHC 5.4: Analyze the causes and consequences of
United States involvement in WWI, including the
failure of neutrality and the reasons for the
declaration of war, the role of propaganda in creating
a unified war effort, the limitation of individual
liberties, and Woodrow Wilson’s leadership in the
Treaty of Versailles and the creation of the League of
Created by Mrs.
Magyar! Ed by
President Woodrow Wilson
• an anti-imperialist
• believed democracy was
essential to a nation’s stability
and prosperity
• believed that the U.S. should
promote democracy in order to
ensure a peaceful world free of
revolution and war
Despite 40+ years of peace,
tensions among European
nations were building in 1914
There were several causes of World War I:
1. Alliances - Germany became one of the most
powerful nations in the world, and changed
European politics
• The (G) Prussians fought and defeated France,
and forced them to give up land along the
German border
• Germany signed alliances with Italy and
Austria-Hungary, creating the Triple Alliance
• Russia and France had a common interest in
opposing Germany and Austria-Hungary
• They signed the Franco-Russian Alliance
German Kingdom of Prussia
2. The Naval Race/Militarism
• Germany began to build a navy, challenging Great
Britain’s historical dominance of the sea
• By the early 1900’s, an arms race had begun between
Great Britain and Germany
• This arms race increased tensions between Great
Britain and Germany, bringing Britain closer to France
and Russia
• Great Britain refused to sign a formal alliance—WHY?
• Their new relationship with France and Russia became
known as “entente cordiale”, or a friendly
• Great Britain, France and Russia became known as the
Triple Entente
3. The Balkans Crisis/Nationalism
• Nationalism was a powerful idea in Europe in the late
• Many people were willing to go to war to expand their
nation at the expense of others
• Self-determination: the idea that people who belong to
a nation should have their own country and
• Groups within the region known as the Balkans began
to press for independence from the Ottoman Empire
and the Austria-Hungary Empire because of
• The people in this region were known as Slavs; Russia
supported Serbia, because they were a rival of AustriaHungary and had the same ethnic background as
Serbia (Slavic)
The Balkans
4. IMMEDIATE CAUSE: The Assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
• In June of 1914 the heir to the AustriaHungary throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand,
visited the Bosnian capital Sarajevo
• A Bosnian revolutionary, Gavrilo Princip, shot
Ferdinand and his wife to death
• On July 28, 1914 Austria-Hungary declared
war on Serbia
• This caused the European alliances to mobilize
4. The Assassination of Archduke Franz
• Russia mobilized its army, including troops
stationed on the German border
• On August 1, 1914 Germany declared war on
• Two days later, Germany declared war on
Those fighting for the Triple Entente-France,
Russia, Great Britain and Italy-were called the
Those fighting for the Triple Alliance-Germany,
Austria-Hungary, The Ottoman Empire and
Bulgaria-were called the Central Powers
4. The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
• In June of 1914 the heir to the Austria-Hungary
throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, visited the
Bosnian capital to show Austrian strength.
• A Bosnian revolutionary, Gavrilo Princip shot
Ferdinand and his wife.
• On July 28, 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war
on Serbia.
• This caused the European alliances to mobilize.
Russia declared war on Austria-Hungary.
Germany backed up Austria-Hungary and
attacked France etc etc.
Create a diagram illustrating the
Which side is the “good” alliance system.
side? Which side is the
“bad” side? Why? In
other words, who is
“right” and who is
Triple Alliance
aka Central
U.S. Position? Why?