What About the Men Men and History Men and History “Don’t forget the ladies” – Abigail Adams "Men of sense in all ages abhor those customs which treat us only as the (servants) of your sex; regard us then as being placed by Providence under your protection, and in imitation of the Supreme Being make use of that power only for our happiness” Male Beauty Teachers should pay greater attention to physical appearance, value placed on male beauty, and the adornment and manipulation of the male body On a basic level, physical beauty and appearance is significant for both men and women; obsessions with beauty affected men and women equally in the past – as in the present Albrecht Durer The “self-portrait as Ecce Homo” in Munich is arguably the most developed of all the self-portraits painted by Dürer. While at first glance the fact of portraying himself as Jesus Christ could be interpreted as an act of selfidolatry, it should be noticed that the image of the Ecce Homo is the quintessential representation of pain and suffering. Humanity as a symbol and essence of the artist David: Humanistic Marble Sculpture Expulsion of Adam and Eve (1427) Expulsion of Adam and Eve Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) The Book of the Courtier (1528) Perhaps the most important work on Renaissance education Specific qualities of a true gentlemen; rejected crude contemporary habits Described the ideal of a “Renaissance Man” Virtú Louis XIV Men and History The study of physical appearance and the personal experience of beauty and ugliness might help us to understand how militarism, athleticism, and imperialism (three areas that historians of masculinity have explored in great detail) influenced standards of attractiveness and personal gender expression Frederick the Great Men and War Race and Beauty Eugenics have touched on some of these themes in recent studies, new histories of the eugenics movement will, in the future, need to pay much closer attention to aesthetics and beauty Mongolian Race and Imperialism Champs-Elysées Modern History/Metrosexual David Beckham Style and dress Sex appeal for men Modern History/Metrosexual European History Exam Approximately half of the multiple-choice questions cover the period from 1450 to the French Revolution and Napoleonic era, and half cover the period from the French Revolution and Napoleonic era to the present, evenly divided between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. About one-third of the questions focus on cultural and intellectual themes, one-third on political and diplomatic themes, and one-third on social and economic themes. Many questions draw on knowledge of more than one chronological period or theme FRQ Analyze the ways in which the rise of the middle class affected family structure and gender roles in Europe in the 1800s. Analyze various ways in which ideology shaped the foreign policy of Nazi Germany in the period 1933 through 1945. Analyze various factors that contributed to the process of decolonization in the period 1914 to1975. FRQ Analyze how industrialization and imperialism contributed to the development of consumer culture in the period 1850–1914. How did Europeans perceive the role of organized sports in Europe during the period from 1860 to 1940? Analyze the economic and social challenges faced by Western Europe in the period from 1945 to 1989.