The Lure of Imperialism

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THE LURE OF IMPERIALISM
Imperialists Activity
 Imperialism – extending a nation’s power
over other lands
 Economic Interests – New Markets & New
Resources
 Military Needs – Need military bases, protect
shores and trade, strong navy
Ideology
 Nationalism
 Love of one’s country
 White Power: Cultural Superiority
 Social Darwinism
 Christian Missionaries
 Duty to convert others
Scramble for Territory
 Late 1800s
 European powers dominated Asia and Africa
 Great Britain controlled one-fourth of
world’s land and population
 “The sun never sets on the British Empire”
 United States
 North America - Alaska
 Pacific – Hawaii, Japan, China
Taking Control Of Hawaii
 Early Contact
 Captain Cook (1778)
 King Kamehameha – united eight major Islands
 Diseases
 Population
 1770s – 300,000
 1893 – 40,000
 Sugar
 Money for Americans
 1875 – Hawaiian sugar sold to USA tax free
 Plotting Against the King
 Hawaiian League
 Members – Americans
 Purpose – Overthrow Monarchy
 Bayonet Constitution
 Restricted the king’s power
 Most Hawaiians lost ability to vote
 Pearl Harbor
 Forced to give to USA
 Port for the US Navy
 Sugar in USA taxed again (1890)
 Angered American Planters
 Wanted to make HI a USA territory
 End of the Monarchy
 Queen Liliokalani – 1891
 Announced plan to restore monarchy
 US businessman had Marines overthrow her
 Sanford B. Dole
 Appointed himself the President of Hawaii
 Annexation (1898)
 President McKinley approved Annexation
Influence in China
 Spheres of Influence
 Area where outside nation exerts control
 Open Door Policy
 Give all nations equal trading rights in China
 Boxer Rebellion
 Boxers – Chinese rebels that hated/attacked
foreigners
 Laid siege to Beijing
 20,000 international troops crushed them
Influence in Japan
 Japan = Isolated
 US sailed fleet of modern battleships into
Tokyo Bay in 1853
 1854 agreed to open trade with US




Started rapid modernization
Russo Japanese War
Japan = Imperialists
Great White Fleet—U.S. flexes military
muscles for the world to see!
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