Group 2: Embargo Act and Monroe Doctrine

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Group 2: Embargo Act and Monroe
Doctrine
By: Anna Jones, Ethan McCuddy, Curren
O’Connell, Lucas Hensley
Strained US-British relations after the
Treaty of Paris (1783)
 How had the British been violating provisions of the 1783
Treaty of Paris?
 British were still holding forts North of the Ohio River
The Convention of 1800 (US & France)
 What was it?
 A treaty signed in Paris between US and France
to settle the hostilities that had erupted during
the Qausi-war which led to the Louisiana
Purchase
 Nullified treaty between US and France that
stated the US couldn’t take sides but eventually
they end up taking sides with France for the war
Attempts to avoid conflict with Britain
and France
 Embargo Act
 Enacted by US congress against Britain and France during the
Napoleonic wars imposed in response to violations of US neutrality
• Non-intercourse Act

US could have no interaction with British or French merchant
ships
• Macon’s Bill #2
 Stopped Britain and France from seizing US vessels during the
Napoleonic Wars
 Lifted all embargos with Britain and France for three months and
recognized America as neutral
• US had little money due to not being able to trade with Britain or
France, but eventually the US sides with France because they need a
trading partner and Britain gets angry, leading up to the War of 1812
War of 1812
 Why was Canada (British territory) considered an
important front during the War of 1812?
 Britain was supplying arms to Native Americans to support the battle of the
American settlers
 Attacking in the south so congress passed a law stating that the US army
could invade Canada
• Strategic consequence of US victory over Britain in Battle of
New Orleans?
 Ended British efforts to interfere with Americans commerce in
Louisiana
 Manufacturing increased in the North
 Gave us The National Anthem and established a strong navy
More War of 1812
 How was the War of 1812 advantageous to Americans?
 Increased nationalism
 Confirmed America’s independence
 Led to the end of the Federalist party
 Embargo Act, Non-intercourse Act, and Macon’s Bill #2 lifted
 Britain stopped blockading our ports
• Terms of the Treaty of Ghent?
 All territory conquered were to be returned
 Commissions were planned to settle the boundaries of the
US and Canada
 Results of the War of 1812?
 Weakened Native American resistance
 US gained respect for managing to
withstand the British empire
 US manufacturing grew
 Military development increased
Monroe Doctrine
 What was it?
 A US foreign policy regarding Latin American countries in the
early 19th century
• Why did Monroe issue it?
 European nations tried to colonize land
•
Who was it directed at?
 European nations
•
What did it say?
 Stated that further effort by European nations to colonize
land or interfere with states in north or south America
would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring US
intervention
Manifest Destiny
 Definition:
 The belief of the expansion of the US throughout the American
continents was both justified and inevitable
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