Pakistan`s Role In Regional And International Organizations

Pakistan's Role In Regional And
International Organizations
Definition and Types of Organizations
 An international organization is an organization with an
international membership, scope, or presence.
There are three main types:
 International nongovernmental organizations (NGOs):
non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that operate
internationally. There are two types:
 International non-profit organizations.
 Examples include the World Organization of the Scout
Movement, International Committee of the Red Cross
 International corporations, referred to as multinational
 Examples include The Coca-Cola Company and Toyota
 Intergovernmental
organizations, also known as
International Governmental Organizations (IGOs): the
type of organization most closely associated with the term
'international organization', these are organizations that
are made up primarily of sovereign states (referred to as
member states).
 Notable examples include the United Nations (UN),
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
(OSCE), Council of Europe (CoE), European Union (EU;
which is a prime example of a supranational organization),
and World Trade Organization (WTO). The UN has used the
term "intergovernmental organization" instead of
"international organization" for clarity.
South Asian Association for Regional
Cooperation (SAARC)
 Member-States
 Observers State
 The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
(SAARC) is an organization of South Asian nations, which
was established on 8 December 1985.
The government of Bangladesh , Bhutan, India, Maldives,
Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka formally adopted its charter.
The promotion of economic and social progress, cultural
development within the South Asia region and also for
friendship and cooperation with other developing countries.
It is dedicated to economic, technological, social, and
cultural development emphasizing collective self-reliance.
Its seven founding members are Sri Lanka, Bhutan, India,
Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
 Afghanistan joined the organization in 2007. Meetings
of heads of state are usually scheduled annually;
meetings of foreign secretaries, twice annually.
 It is headquartered in Kathmandu, Nepal.
 Four Founder States
 To promote the welfare of the people of South Asia and to
improve their quality of life;
To accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural
development in the region and to provide all individuals the
opportunity to live in dignity and to realize their full
To promote and strengthen selective self-reliance among the
countries of South Asia;
To contribute to mutual trust, understanding and
appreciation of one another's problems
To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in
the economic, social, cultural, technical and scientific fields;
To strengthen cooperation with other developing countries;
Role of Pakistan
 Since the Association's start, Pakistan has been a
supporter of SAARC objectives and has remained an
active player on the SAARC platform.
 It has contributed meaningfully to the establishment
institutions and progress of the Association.
 Pakistan supported a step by step approach for enhancing
cooperation and stresses the need for better coordination
of programs and consolidation of the progress made so
Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
 The Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) is an inter-
governmental organization involving seven Asian and three
Eurasian nations part of the South-central Asian Union.
 It provides a platform to discuss ways to improve development
and promote trade, and investment opportunities.
 The common objective is to establish a single market for goods
and services, much like the European Union.
 ECO's secretariat and cultural department are located in
Tehran, its economic bureau is in Turkey and its scientific
bureau is situated in Pakistan.
 The organization was founded by Turkey, Iran and
 Economic Cooperation Organization is an intergovernmental regional organization established in 1985 by
Iran, Pakistan and Turkey for the purpose of promoting
economic, technical and cultural cooperation among the
member states.
Pakistan’s Role in ECO
 ECO currently is engaged in energy crisis resolution and
meetings are being held in Tehran.
 And by resolving this problem all the members will
facilitated by it specially Pakistan. Because besides the
potentiality of the country in many a sectors still they are
not operating at an efficient level which is required
according to the current need of the scenario.
 Pakistan’s potential in telecommunication, agriculture,
food, industry, trade and many other sectors made it
significant as it can play its role for the betterment of rest
of the member nations by providing them with assistance
financially and technically both.
United Nation Organizations (UNO)
 The
United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental
organization with the stated aims of promoting and facilitating cooperation in International law, International Security, Economic
Development , Social Progress, Human Rights, Civil Rights, Civil
Liberties, Political Freedoms, Democracy, and the achievement of
lasting world peace.
 The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace
the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to
provide a platform for dialogue.
 It contains multiple subsidiary
organizations to carry out its missions.
Role of Pakistan
 Pakistan officially joined the United Nations (UN) on 30 September
1947 just over a month after its independence from the British
Today, it is a charter member and participates in all of the UN's
specialized agencies and organizations.
Pakistan maintains a permanent mission to the UN, which is currently
headed by Ambassador Abdullah Hussain Haroon in NewYork.
There is a second mission based at the UNO office in Geneva,
The Pakistani military has played a key role in the UN's peacekeeping
programme in different parts of the world, most prominently in
Somalia , Sierra Leone, Bosnia, Congo and Liberia.
The UN continues to remain a keen observer of the Kashmir
conflict between Pakistan and India, centring around the disputed
state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Since the transfer of power to both countries in 1947 of the divided
territory, the UN has played an extensive role in regulating and
monitoring the dispute
Organization of Islamic Organization
 The Organization of Islamic Cooperation is an international
organization consisting of 57 member states. The organization
states that it is "the collective voice of the Muslim world" and
works to "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world
in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony“.
 The OIC has a permanent delegation to the United Nations, and is
the largest international organization outside the United Nations.
 The official languages of the OIC are Arabic, English and French.
 Leaders of Muslim nations met in Rabat to establish the OIC on 25
September 1969.
Member Countries of OIC
Role of Pakistan in OIC
 In line with OIC strong stance against the occupation of Palestine by
Israel, Pakistan has continuously adopted a stance against Israel, while
maintaining moral solidarity with Palestine
Military Cooperation
Pakistan is though to have developed its atomic bomb programme with
millions of dollars of contributory aid from (mostly) Saudi Arabia and
Libyan oil wealth
Pakistan has always used OIC as a platform to gather support on the
Kahmir conflict against the Republic of India. In 1969 King Hassan of
Morocco invited the Government of India for the 1969 Summit in Rabat
As a goodwill gesture of China's veto power in support of Pakistan at
the UN Security Council, for example the Chinese opposition of UNSC
resolution at Pakistan's behest demanding a ban on the militant
organization Jama'at-ud-Da'wah following the 2008 Mumbai attacks,
Pakistan assured China, that the OIC will not pass any resolution
condemning China's 'strike hard' campaign against the Uighur Muslim
minority. Pakistan therefore act as a contact point for China's
engagement with the OIC.
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