ACTIVE AND PASSIVE NOTES PAGE 25 B OBJECTIVES • IWBAT distinguish between active and passive voice. • IWBAT use active and passive voice appropriately in a response. ACTIVE VERSUS PASSIVE VOICE • Writers use active and passive voice to convey certain effects. Be sure you understand and use these voices correctly and deliberately. • You should generally use active voice because it puts the emphasis on WHO or WHAT is performing the ACTION of the verb rather than on the verb itself. PASSIVE VOICE • The passive voice contains some form of "be" (is, was, were, was being, has been, etc.) plus a past participle of the verb. • Passive voice= “to be” verb + past participle. Just the verb “to remove” • Active voice: Harrison removed his handicaps. • Passive voice: The handicaps were removed by Harrison. “to be” verb Past participle “to remove” WHICH ONE IS PASSIVE? • • • • Harry ate six shrimp at dinner. At dinner, six shrimp were eaten by Harry. The crew paved the entire stretch of highway. The entire stretch of highway was paved by the crew. • Put this in passive voice: • I will clean the house every Saturday. • Put this in active voice: • The entire house was painted by Tom. PRACTICE ON 25A Sentence from the story with parenthetical citations ( ). 1. 2. Identify: Active or Passive? Re-write to illustrate the opposite CER ON 24B • Write a short CER (one C, one E and one R) answering this question: • How does Harrison Bergeron’s theme convey the conflict between the needs or ideals of a society and the realities of an individual? Example claim: The theme of ‘Harrison Bergeron’ is that even though society wants ________________________________, the reality is that individuals _________________________________________.