Alex Joyce An artificial device to replace or augment a missing or impaired part of the body 1500 BC- Egyptians Wooden Toes 300 BC- Italians Artificial Leg Time Period Years Where? Who? What? Ancient World ~ 1500 BC Egypt Egyptians Wooden Toe Ancient World ~ 300 BC Italy ? Bronze/Wooden Leg Second Punic War 218-210 BC Italy Romans Iron Hand The Dark Ages 476-1000 ? ? Peg Legs/Hand Hooks The Renaissance 1400-1800 Greece/Italy Greeks/Romans The Renaissance 1508 Germany von Berlichingen Manipulative Iron hands The Renaissance Early 1500s Algeria Barbarossa Silver Arm The Renaissance 1696 ? Verduyn Modern Times 1858 ? Bly Anatomical Leg Modern Times 1863 England Parmlee Aluminum Limbs Iron, Steel, Copper and Wood Limbs Nonlocking below-knee prosthesis Also called neural prosthetics A series of devices that can substitute motor, sensory or cognitive modality that might have been damaged as result of an injury or disease. Enables an amputee to control motorized prosthetic devices and to regain sensory feedback. Dr. Todd Kuiken Surgery makes artificial arms easier to control Patient (Jesse Sullivan) Bionic Hand Norton, Kim M.. "A Brief History of Prosthetics."inMotion. Amputee Coalition, 05 2009. Web. 13 Nov 2012. <http://www.amputeecoalition.org/inmotion/nov_dec_07/history_prosthetic s.html>. Steenhuysen, Julie. "Surgery makes artificial arms easier to control." . Reuters, 10 2009. Web. 12 Nov 2012. <http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/02/10/ussurgery-arms-idUSTRE5197SO20090210>. Yiu, Stephanie. "To Arms." . Northwestern University, n.d. Web. 12 Nov 2012. <http://www.northwestern.edu/magazine/winter2007 /feature/kuiken.html>.