Power Point

Contributions of
Ancient Greece
Ancient Olympic Race
The Ancient Greek Olympics
most of our knowledge from the early games is from
the greek historians Strabo(64 BC - 24 AD) and
Pausanias(110 - 180 AD)
dedicated to the gods
■ specifically to Zeus
■ there were many rituals and times of sacrifice during the
■ the dominant competitors gained possession of the
sanctuary which was a political asset
Accounts of the first games
■ took place in Olympia in 776 BC
■ was thought that a breed of human like creatures raced in order
to entertain Zeus
● Zeus awarded them metals based on their performance
The Ancient Greek Olympics
Origins Continued ■
other sources claim that the dactyls never raced but instead a
cook from Elis named Koroibos was the first champion of the
○ it is assumed that many greeks put this event in
higher regard than other religious ones
■ The other main festival being the Eleusinian Mysteries
the games settle disputes between city-states
○ games demonstrated a balance between spirituality
and physical strength
○ the ancient olympic games slowly died out due to
the influence of Roman culture and religion
The Ancient Greek Olympics
Main Events● the stadion was the main event until 724 BC
- it was a race that lasted for the length of a stadium (192 m)
- typically lasted for around a day
● Chariot racing(Equestrian) was first introduced in 680 BC
- the games were extended by a day to accommodate for the duration of
the new event
- a chariot team was said to have cost 5 talents
● Eventually other events such as Javelin, discus and wrestling were
officially added
The Ancient Greek Olympics
Impact on Modern Society● The first modern Olympics was held in 1896 in Athens,
● Many attributes of the new games differ from the original
○ religion is less emphasized
○ many new games were added
○ the games now focus on humanity and our collective
achievements rather than the earlier competition
The Greek Gymnasium
Origins● The Greek Gymnasium was a place that young men
came to study many things.
● It was a training facility.
● Inside the Gymnasium the young men were usually
naked while wrestling.
● Most important cities in Greece had one.
● Olympians would usually travel in xystos.
● At the gym the boys trained and the men relaxed.
● The competitions that occurred were usually for a
person like the gods.
The Greek Gymnasium
Impact on the world● They didn’t become popular.
● In the middle ages a revival of sorts came by
● The gym is no longer for one purpose.
● Several cultures did eventually use it.
● It started in the US around the 1820s.
● Around 1900 the gyms became the modern
day ones we know now.
Famous Greek Athletes
● Astylos of Croton from southern Italy.
- 6 victory olive wreaths in 3 Olympiad.
-In his first 2 he took part as a member of Syracuse.
-The people of Croton did not like this.
● Milon of Croton.
-6 time olympic champ.
-He was the best wrestler until his 7th try.
● Kyniska of Sparta
-Daughter of King Archidamus.
-First woman in the Olympics.
-She participated in the chariot races and equestrian
BibliographyAndronicos, Manolis. "The Games Of The Gods." Humanities 17.3 (1996): 27-29. ERIC.
Web. 25 Aug. 2013.
Shelden, Miriam F. Greek Athletics In The Writings Of The Greek Historians. n.p.: 1975.
ERIC. Web. 25 Aug. 2013.
Gribble, David. "Gold, Silver And Bronze." History Today 62.8 (2012): 18. MAS Ultra - School
Edition. Web. 29 Aug. 2013.
Baker, Rosalie F. "5 Days At Olympia." Calliope 18.2 (2007): 10. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web.
29 Aug. 2013.
Yalouris, Nicolaos. "A Brief History." Humanities 17.3 (1996): 30. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web.
29 Aug. 2013.
Picture Ciations
Tomkin, Dave, Mr. Pompei Gymnasium. N.d. Photograph. Grecce. Flickr.com. Dave Tomkin.
Web. 25 Aug.
Planet Fitness Opens 500th Location. N.d. Photograph. Illinois. Clubsolutionsmagazine. Web. 25 Aug. 2013.
N.d. Photograph. Hubpages. Hubpages Inc(R), 2010. Web. 25 Aug. 2013.
Greek Chariot Race. N.d. Photograph. School Work Helper. Web. 28 Aug. 2013.
Ancient Greek Race. N.d. Photograph. Static Guim. Web. 28 Aug. 2013.
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