Voltaire Emery Mattheis Basics Satirical novel published in 1759 Written as attack on Gottfried Leibniz and Optimists Optimists believed that this world was the best of all possible worlds. Ha. History Louis XV reigned as King of France An earthquake struck Lisbon and killed fifty thousand people. (1755) The Seven Years War began in 1755. Enlightenment period. period Le Author François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778) grew up in Paris. Went to jail. A lot. power) (for his criticisms of people in Became a hero of the people later in life. Author’s Style Satirical. Yes, satirical. And witty. Simple sentence structure and diction. His tone never matches the mood of the story. Characteristics of Genre Novel – fictional protagonist, journey-like plot, dialogues, limited third person point of view, and various settings Satire – concern with ethical issues, desire for public reform, attacks on vices and ignorance, and wholehearted wit. Plot Misery, death, despair, and sheep. Grand Journey (Novel) Begins with Candide getting kicked out of mansion and ends with everyone working on a farm. Sheep. Characteristics of … Characters… Candide -- Flat as can be. Easily influenced. Either determined or ignorant. Probably both. Cunégonde – Also one dimensional. Her beauty is all that matters to everyone. She is bland in every other regard. Oh, and Pangloss is an optimistic idiot. Symbols Eldorado Garden Syphilis Image Not Displayed Themes Failures of Optimism – Rape, murder, disease, poverty, misery. All great aspects of a perfect world. Evil in People/Hypocrisy of Religion– Inquisitor has a mistress, friar is a thief, Pope has a daughter, etc. Horrible deeds done in the name of god. Fate -- ‘You observe,’ said Candide to Martin, ‘that crime is sometimes punished. That rogue of a Dutch captain has had the fate he deserved.’ ‘Yes,’ said Martin. ‘But why should the passengers have perished too? God has punished a scoundrel, but the devil has drowned the rest.’ (93) The world is unpredictable. And Candide is a tool.