Chapter 8 Section 1 - cartervilleushistory

A Religious Awakening
• Lasted half a century
•Began in Kentucky, spread north and south
•Americans wanted governors to support
•African Americans join in the spirit
Mormons form in New York in 1830
Unitarians- reflected growing Christian
Joseph Smith formed Jesus Latter Day
Preachers were Protestant
Mormons were persecuted
Followed practices frowned upon by neighbors
Men have more than one wife
Held land as a group
•Political power
Mormons chased out of Ohio
› Sought refuge in Illinois
Joseph Smith runs for president
› Murdered by Mormons
Brigham Young
› Led Mormons far east
 Great Salt Lake city
Catholics and Jewish people face
› 1800s Roman Catholic Church faced
› Protestants viewed Catholicism as
 Choose loyalty to people rather than U.S
Catholic poverty
› Poor immigrants from Ireland
 Little money
 Work for low wages
 Irish immigrants grow too powerful
Jewish people face discrimination
› Public officials must be Christians
› Jews barred from holding office
› Jewish people
• Rhode Island
 New York
 Pennsylvania
1840s great numbers to escape political
› Europe
› Americans ostracized them
Early 1800s, Americans wanted to improve life
Formed settlements known as Utopian communities
often failed within 2-6 years
Utopias built to be ideal societies
Well-known Utopia include: New harmony, Brook farm
New harmony lasted 2 years
Brook farm lasted 6 years
United society believed in Christ’s second appearance
Organized mid 1700s peaked around 1840s
Found in New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, and Indiana
Men and women did not marry
Lived in separate houses
Did not want to have children
Economy flourished due to high quality price
Believed they could go beyond senses
to learn
 Ralph Waldo Emerson was the leading
 Most important follower was Henry David
 Wrote “Civil Disobedience”
 Later provided inspiration to civil rights
Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J., Peter B.
Levy, Randy Roberts, and Alan Taylor.
United States History. Boston,
Massachusetts: Pearson Prentice Hall,
2008. 266-272. Print.