Chapter 9, Section 3 Notes • Title: The Convention of 1836 • Main Idea: The Texans declared their independence and set up their government as Santa Anna’s forces defeated the Texans at the Alamo and in South Texas. • Key Terms: petition, executive, legislative, judicial, civil rights, ad interim I. Santa Anna Crosses Into Texas Despite Governor Smith’s veto, the General Council decided to hold a convention in March 1836. In early February, Santa Anna and his large army crossed the Rio Grande and arrived in San Antonio on the 23rd. A. B. • • The Texans remaining there were forced to stay in the Alamo. Other Texans were headed for the convention at Washington-on-the-Brazos. II. The Convention Declares Independence A. 59 delegates met in an unfinished building in freezing weather conditions at Washington-on-theBrazos starting on March 1st, 1836. i. While most there were from southern states, only 2 delegates were native Texans: 1. Navarro and Ruiz B. The convention elected Richard Ellis as chairman (or person in charge). II. The Convention Declares Independence C. George C. Childress from Tennessee is credited with writing the Texas Declaration of Independence. i. This document declared the Mexican government deprived Texans of certain rights: 1. 2. 3. 4. Freedom of Religion Trial by jury To bear arms To petition, or request something, from the government D. The Declaration was adopted on March 2nd, 1836 by unanimous vote. III. The Delegates Write a Constitution A. The delegates then spent 2 weeks writing the Texas Constitution for a new republic. B. Both documents (Texas Declaration and Constitution) were modeled after the same documents from the United States. III. The Delegates Write a Constitution C. The Texas Constitution provided for 3 branches of government: i. Executive: chief governing officer ii. Legislative: makes laws iii. Judicial: courts, interprets laws III. The Delegates Write a Constitution D. It contained a Bill of Rights, guaranteeing: i. Freedom of speech ii. Freedom of the press iii. Freedom of religion iv. Trial by jury v. Basic civil rights E. Unfortunately, slavery was legal and free African Americans were only permitted to live in the republic with congressional permission. IV. The Ad Interim Government Takes Control A. The last act of the convention was electing members for an ad interim, or temporary government. B. They would serve until regular elections could be held. IV. The Ad Interim Government Takes Control C. Former empresario, David G. Burnet was elected ad interim President and Sam Houston was elected commander of the regular and volunteer Texas armies. V. Santa Anna Advances A. As the convention adjourned on March 17th, panic ensued as word reached the delegates that the Alamo had fallen and Santa Anna was headed their way! V. Santa Anna Advances B. President Burnet reestablished the government southeast in the small town of Harrisburg, near modern-day Houston. C. Overall, things were NOT looking good for Texas as Santa Anna was on the move! Assignments for Today 1. 9-3 Guided Reading/Section Quiz 2. Complete Foldable, 9-2 GR/SQ, etc. CBA#3 next Thursday! Ch. 9 Test next Friday!