Lamps are a simple technology, yet the basic principles behind them are quite complex. Let’s take a look at how lamps work and learn about some of their most common components. While we often take them for granted, lighting is a fundamental requirement in the modern world. While there are a few different options to choose from when it comes to lighting, there are two main categories: functional and decorative. Within these two categories are a variety of different types of light fixtures and lamps, but they all serve one core purpose: to make it possible for us to see what we’re doing.