Graduate School
Bonifacio St., Davao City
October 15, 2022
ESSAY: Explain your answer briefly using not more than 10 sentences for each number.
1. Describe the major factors influencing the evolution of management
The development of management ideas has been a process since the dawn of
humankind. It started when man realized he needed to live in communities. Mighty men
were able to divide the crowds into different groups and organize them. The distribution
was made in accordance with the mass's strength, intelligence, and mental prowess. The
key point is that management has been used in some capacity ever since civilization first
emerged. Consider the structure of the ancient Roman Catholic Church, the military, and
ancient Greece as good examples of how sophisticated management techniques were
used. These are all very good instances. However, the industrial revolution brought about
significant change. And all of a sudden, the need to create a more comprehensive and
formal management theory emerged.
2. What is management? Explain the characteristics of management.
Regardless of the form, type, structure, or size of the organization, management
is the process of managing and overseeing its operations. It is the act of establishing and
upholding a work environment that allows the organization's members to cooperate and
accomplish organizational goals quickly and effectively. One important characteristic is
universal. All organizations, whether they are for profit or not, need management to
oversee their daily operations. Its nature is hence universal. Another is goal oriented.
Each organization is founded with specific aims in mind, and management aids in the
timely and orderly accomplishment of those objectives.
3. What is the distinction between a “vision in the statement” and a “mission
statement”, as defined in the course?
The organization's goals for the future are highlighted in the vision statement. The
organization's current work is what the mission statement emphasizes. While mission and
vision statements are frequently used interchangeably by businesses, having both is
crucial. Due to the importance of having a purpose and meaning for every business, one
cannot exist without the other.
4. How does organizational culture affect employee behavior in the workplace?
Employees can play to their full potential by taking advantage of the organization's
culture, which can offer a laid-back work environment and healthy interpersonal
interactions. Because of the culture, staff members can feel accountable, have a feeling
of purpose, and contribute to the organization's overarching objective. Simply said, a
productive workplace culture encourages engagement, increased employee satisfaction,
and productivity. In contrast, a hostile work environment can lower productivity, increase
turnover, and make employees feel disengaged from their jobs and workplace.
5. What are the five management functions? Give one example for each.
Planning - This step entails outlining precisely how to carry out a specific objective. Say,
for instance, that the corporation wants to increase sales. Prior to taking any action, the
management must decide which measures are required to reach that objective.
Increasing advertising, merchandise, and sales staff are a few possible milestones in this
Organizing - Organization is viewed as a dynamic process and administrative activity that
is essential for uniting individuals and keeping them together as they work toward shared
goals. This might very well be the organizational process.
Commanding - Success and reward are emphasized in commands. In other words, the
group needs to be successful in order to continue operating and reward its members (both
intrinsically and extrinsically). A process that contributes to increasing informal learning
and improving its effectiveness is one example.
Coordinating - In order to ensure that many departments and organizations work together,
management must coordinate. In sync, groups function. The employees, groups, and are
therefore acting in unison. Bringing harmony to the many duties and activities to
accomplish also benefits departments. successfully achieving the organization's goals.
Controlling - To be under control is to order, restrain, or manage. Commanding your dog
to sit is an illustration of control. Keeping your dog on a leash is a good illustration of
control. Control can be demonstrated by managing all party coordination.
6. Show how management structure, management process, decision-making,
communication, and delegation of authority all contribute to the formation of an
effective team.
Giving others the opportunity to grow and feel important to the organization through
delegation of authority. By fostering a sense of shared responsibility, it also promotes job
satisfaction and breaks up the monotony of a subordinate's typical tasks and routine. The
organizational structure of a corporation may be the key factor in how decisions are made
there. The manner in which managers and individual contributors relate to one another
affects how teams communicate, how problems manifest themselves, and how they are
7. Explain the significance of management in today’s business world.
Due to the growing complexity and size of businesses, the unstable environment,
and the expanding duties of the business, management's importance has expanded
significantly in recent years. At the national level, management plays an equally vital role.
It is a catalyst for both change and economic expansion. The efficiency and commitment
of a country's managers and administrators determine its wealth, power, and status.
8. What do you mean by leadership? How does it apply in the workplace? In terms
of administration or management.
In the workplace, leadership is the capacity of a person to direct and control a
business and its workers. It also describes the capacity to persuade people to do their
jobs as effectively as possible. A successful leader is able to bring out the greatest
qualities in his or her team members and inspire them to collaborate in order to achieve
a common objective, hence these abilities are crucial to possess. A good leader maintains
the team's focus and keeps them on task to prevent delay
Here is a rubric on how your essay will be assessed.
& Organization
Entry is
comprehensive &
provides adequate,
detailed info;
includes relevant
Entry is
and logical
Entry is
comprehensive &
provides info but
does not include
relevant personal
The entry provides
limited info and does
not include relevant
personal experience
Entry does not
provide the needed
info and relevant
personal experience
Entry is generally
and logical with a
few minor problems
Entry is somewhat
confusing and
Entry lacks logical
order & organization
and is not
Grammar and Writing
( Spelling,
Punctuation )
Entry is highly
polished; there is
no error in
grammar and
writing mechanics.
Entry is polished;
there are about 3
errors in grammar
and the writing
The entry is not
polished; there are 5
errors in grammar
and the writing
Please send your answers to my Email Ad: jpalero@uic. Edu.ph
The entry has 5
errors in grammar
and writing