UNIVERSITY OF IMMACULATE CONCEPTION Graduate School Bonifacio St., Davao City _________________________________________________________ PRINCIPLES and THEORIES of MANAGEMENT MIDTERM EXAMINATION October 15, 2022 Name: JOHANNES T. LATRAS ESSAY: Explain your answer briefly using not more than 10 sentences for each number. 1. Describe the major factors influencing the evolution of management The development of management ideas has been a process since the dawn of humankind. It started when man realized he needed to live in communities. Mighty men were able to divide the crowds into different groups and organize them. The distribution was made in accordance with the mass's strength, intelligence, and mental prowess. The key point is that management has been used in some capacity ever since civilization first emerged. Consider the structure of the ancient Roman Catholic Church, the military, and ancient Greece as good examples of how sophisticated management techniques were used. These are all very good instances. However, the industrial revolution brought about significant change. And all of a sudden, the need to create a more comprehensive and formal management theory emerged. 2. What is management? Explain the characteristics of management. Regardless of the form, type, structure, or size of the organization, management is the process of managing and overseeing its operations. It is the act of establishing and upholding a work environment that allows the organization's members to cooperate and accomplish organizational goals quickly and effectively. One important characteristic is universal. All organizations, whether they are for profit or not, need management to oversee their daily operations. Its nature is hence universal. Another is goal oriented. Each organization is founded with specific aims in mind, and management aids in the timely and orderly accomplishment of those objectives. 3. What is the distinction between a “vision in the statement” and a “mission statement”, as defined in the course? The organization's goals for the future are highlighted in the vision statement. The organization's current work is what the mission statement emphasizes. While mission and vision statements are frequently used interchangeably by businesses, having both is crucial. Due to the importance of having a purpose and meaning for every business, one cannot exist without the other. 4. How does organizational culture affect employee behavior in the workplace? Employees can play to their full potential by taking advantage of the organization's culture, which can offer a laid-back work environment and healthy interpersonal interactions. Because of the culture, staff members can feel accountable, have a feeling of purpose, and contribute to the organization's overarching objective. Simply said, a productive workplace culture encourages engagement, increased employee satisfaction, and productivity. In contrast, a hostile work environment can lower productivity, increase turnover, and make employees feel disengaged from their jobs and workplace. 5. What are the five management functions? Give one example for each. Planning - This step entails outlining precisely how to carry out a specific objective. Say, for instance, that the corporation wants to increase sales. Prior to taking any action, the management must decide which measures are required to reach that objective. Increasing advertising, merchandise, and sales staff are a few possible milestones in this process. Organizing - Organization is viewed as a dynamic process and administrative activity that is essential for uniting individuals and keeping them together as they work toward shared goals. This might very well be the organizational process. Commanding - Success and reward are emphasized in commands. In other words, the group needs to be successful in order to continue operating and reward its members (both intrinsically and extrinsically). A process that contributes to increasing informal learning and improving its effectiveness is one example. Coordinating - In order to ensure that many departments and organizations work together, management must coordinate. In sync, groups function. The employees, groups, and are therefore acting in unison. Bringing harmony to the many duties and activities to accomplish also benefits departments. successfully achieving the organization's goals. Controlling - To be under control is to order, restrain, or manage. Commanding your dog to sit is an illustration of control. Keeping your dog on a leash is a good illustration of control. Control can be demonstrated by managing all party coordination. 6. Show how management structure, management process, decision-making, communication, and delegation of authority all contribute to the formation of an effective team. Giving others the opportunity to grow and feel important to the organization through delegation of authority. By fostering a sense of shared responsibility, it also promotes job satisfaction and breaks up the monotony of a subordinate's typical tasks and routine. The organizational structure of a corporation may be the key factor in how decisions are made there. The manner in which managers and individual contributors relate to one another affects how teams communicate, how problems manifest themselves, and how they are resolved. 7. Explain the significance of management in today’s business world. Due to the growing complexity and size of businesses, the unstable environment, and the expanding duties of the business, management's importance has expanded significantly in recent years. At the national level, management plays an equally vital role. It is a catalyst for both change and economic expansion. The efficiency and commitment of a country's managers and administrators determine its wealth, power, and status. 8. What do you mean by leadership? How does it apply in the workplace? In terms of administration or management. In the workplace, leadership is the capacity of a person to direct and control a business and its workers. It also describes the capacity to persuade people to do their jobs as effectively as possible. A successful leader is able to bring out the greatest qualities in his or her team members and inspire them to collaborate in order to achieve a common objective, hence these abilities are crucial to possess. A good leader maintains the team's focus and keeps them on task to prevent delay ESSAY WRITING RUBRIC Here is a rubric on how your essay will be assessed. CRITERIA Content Comprehensibility & Organization Exemplary 10 Accomplished 7-9 Developing 3-6 Beginning 0-2 Entry is comprehensive & provides adequate, detailed info; includes relevant personal experience/s Entry is comprehensible and logical Entry is comprehensive & provides info but does not include relevant personal experience The entry provides limited info and does not include relevant personal experience Entry does not provide the needed info and relevant personal experience Entry is generally comprehensible and logical with a few minor problems Entry is somewhat confusing and illogical Entry lacks logical order & organization and is not comprehensible Grammar and Writing Mechanics ( Spelling, Capitalization, Punctuation ) Entry is highly polished; there is no error in grammar and writing mechanics. Entry is polished; there are about 3 errors in grammar and the writing mechanics. The entry is not polished; there are 5 errors in grammar and the writing mechanics. Please send your answers to my Email Ad: jpalero@uic. Edu.ph The entry has 5 errors in grammar and writing mechanics.