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1. The Philippine Elementary School Curriculum gives greater emphasis on
the development of basic skills like reading, writing, and arithmetic. What is
the philosophical basis for this?
A. Pragmatism C. Essentialism
B. Perennialism D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Essentialism. Essentialism - is an educational theory
rooted in classical realism and idealism which advocates curricular reform
stressing the essentials of the basics like the 3R's.
Pragmatism- is regarded as an American philosophy whose various forms
advocate experimentalism,
instrumentalism, functionalism, and practicalism and their curricular
offerings imply a wide range of subject areas.
Pereninialism- is a traditional educational theory that puts premium on
eternal truth as contained in the "Great Books".
Existentialism - personalizes knowledge to the individual. The person
chooses the knowledge that he deems is relevant to his process of becoming
to realize his essence.
2. Teacher H asks one of her students, “What do you want to become when
you grow up?” This
question is an indication of what kind of philosophy? A. Progressivism C.
B. Naturalism D. Idealism
RATIONALIZATION: D - Idealism. Idealism is the answer because it stresses
the existence of ideas independent from the material world. Ideas that
which exist in the mind are the only reality.
3. Teacher X has not only explained the concept of Philosophy of Education
but also imparted this to her students. This demonstrates what kind of
A. Naturalism C. Realism
B. Idealism D. Perennialism
RATIONALIZATION: C - Realism. Realism concerns with what is real, actual.
For ideas to be realized, they must be transferred or demonstrated.
4. In his class, Teacher M always presents principles and values so as to
encourage his students to examine them and decide for themselves whether
to accept them or not. What kind of philosophy does he practice?
A. Idealism C. Humanism
B. Essentialism D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: D - Existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy that
emphasizes subjectivity, freedom and responsibility.
5. When a teacher emphasizes that man’s sense should be trusted because
they are the only
way to acquire knowledge, the teacher can be regarded as .
A. Naturalist C. Empiricist
B. Realist D. Pragmatist
RATIONALIZATION: C -Empiricism. Empiricism upholds that the only
source of knowledge is the senses and sense-based experience.
6. Teacher K views her pupils as unique, free choosing, and responsible
individuals. She plans activities where the pupil can develop his unique
personality. What theory underlies this nature of the pupil?
A. Realism C. Existentialism
B. Essentialism D. Progressivism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Existentialism. Existentialism is the philosophy of
subjectivity of self hood whose fundamental doctrine proclaims man’s
freedom in the accomplishment of his destiny. In this case, emphasis is
given on the students rather than on the curriculum content.
7. "Learning is the process of retrieving prior learning", this is a statement
from _. A. Constructivist C. Progressivist
B. Reconstructivist D. Empiricist
RATIONALIZATION: A. Constructivist. As defined, Constructivism is a
philosophy of learning which asserts that reality does not exist outside of
the human conceptions. It is the individual that construct reality by
reflecting on his own experience and gives meaning to it. It is founded on
the premise that by reflecting on our own experiences, we construct our
own understanding of the world we live in. Therefore, learning is simply the
process of adjusting our mental modes to accommodate new experiences.
8. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good.
Teacher's teaching is against what philosophy?
A. Realism C. Epicureanism
B. Hedonism D. Empiricism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Hedonism. Epicureanism is just a form of Hedonism.
Hedonism is the general, Epicureanism is the specific. Always select the
general answer.
13. Matilda is an advocate of the principle “making the most of your life”.
She is indeed an
advocate of what kind of philosophy?
A. Humanism C. Realism
B. Perennialism D. Existentialism
9. After listening to the homily of the Priest about fidelity, Catherine has a
moment of reflection. Her understanding of the value of fidelity has become
deeper as she related this to her past experience. This typifies what kind of
A. Constructivism C. Humanism
B. Reconstructivism D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Humanism. Humanism is a philosophy that stresses
to “live life to the fullest”.
14. Teacher X is a very dedicated teacher in the nursery. Her foremost
concern is for students to learn how to adapt themselves in the
environment. This shows that Teacher X upholds what kind of philosophy?
A. Naturalism C. Progressivism
B. Pragmatism D. Rationalism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Constructivism. Constructivism is a philosophy of
learning which asserts that reality does not exist outside the human
conceptions. It is the individual who construct reality by reflecting on his
own experience and gives meaning to it.
RATIONALIZATION: A. Naturalism. Naturalism aims to unfold the child’s
potential, not to prepare him for a definite vocation or social position but to
prepare him to adapt to the changing times and needs.
10. After studying the Principle of Identity, Teacher W asks her students to
determine which among the given set of problems conforms to the said
identity. This shows that Teacher W upholds what kind of Philosophy?
A. Perennialism C. Essentialism
B. Progressivism D. Naturalism
15. Teacher J serves as an inspiration to his students because of his
efficiency and effectiveness as a teacher. The mind set of his students
towards him/her is an instance of what kind of philosophy?
RATIONALIZATION: B. Progressivism. Progressivism is a philosophy of
learning by doing things.
A. Realism C. Nationalism
B. Idealism D. Constructivism
11. Thea listened to the advice given by her sister to end the relationship
that she has with Gilbert. However, her sister learned that the advice she
has given was not followed and Thea decided to continue the relationship.
This action of Thea is a manifestation of what kind of philosophy?
A. Essentialism C. Perennialism
B. Existentialism D. Humanism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Idealism. Idealism is a philosophy which asserts that
what’s in the mind is the only reality. In this situation, the teacher inspires
his/her students through the values that he/she possessed. Values are
absolute are told to belong in realm of ideas. Hence, these are considered as
ideas that exist only in the mind.
16. John learns well through active interplay with others. His learning
increases when engaged in activities that has meaning in him. Which
philosophy can describe this?
A. Progressivism C. Realism
B. Idealism D. Empiricism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Existentialism. Existentialism is the philosophy of
subjectivity of selfhood
and proclaims man’s freedom in the accomplishment of his destiny.
12. After finishing the degree in Education, Teacher M learns that learning
never stops. In fact, she accumulates more knowledge after leaving the
portal of her alma mater. This typifies what kind of philosophy?
A. Constructivism C. Progressivism
B. Perennialism D. Humanism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Progressivism. Progressivism is a philosophy of
hands of learning or experiential learning. “Learning by doing”. Learning is
based from the questions of one’s experience of the world. Hence, it is the
learner himself who thinks, solves, and gives meaning through his
individual experiences.
RATIONALIZATION: C. Progressivism. Progressivism connotes change,
growth and development. It is an active form of philosophy for it continues
to evolve.
What kind of philosophy does this class uphold?
A. Naturalism C. Progressivism
B. Constructivism D. Reconstructivism
17. Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and everything in it are
ever changing and so teaches you the skill to cope with the changes. Which
in his governing philosophy?
A. Experimentalism C. Idealism
B. Existentialism D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION: D. Reconstructivism. Reconstructivism covers the
underlying factors that constitute reality or society. In this regard, students
are encourage to become involved in the problems whether political, social,
or economical that confront the society and be able to arrive at solutions in
order to reconstruct society.
RATIONALIZATION: A. Experimentalism. Experimentalism believes that
things are constantly changing. It is based on the view that reality is what
works right now and that goodness comes from group decisions. As a result,
schools exist to discover and expand the society we live in. Students study
social experiences and solve problems.
21. A curriculum should only include those that have survived the test of
time and combine the symbols of literature, history, and mathematics. Thus,
curriculum like this contains values that are constant and universal. What
philosophy describes this kind of curriculum?
A. Idealism C. Humanism
B. Perennialism D. Essentialism
18. Principal C shares this thought with his teachers: "Subject matter should
help students understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals
who accept complete responsibility for their thoughts, feelings, and
actions." From which philosophy is this thought
based? / Teacher V teaches her students to appreciate themselves as unique
individuals and are
to accept the responsibility to their feelings, actions and thoughts. She
upholds the philosophy of
A. Perennialism C. Existentialism
B. Essentialism D. Progressivism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Perennialism. Perennialism maintains that
education involves confronting the problems and questions that have
challenged people over the centuries. Thus there is a need to study classical
tradition of great books.
22. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements,
longer school day, longer academic year and more challenging textbooks?
A. Perennialist C. Progressivist
B. Essentialist D. Existentialist
RATIONALIZATION: C. Existentialism. Existentialism is the philosophy of
subjectivity of selfhood
and proclaims man’s freedom in the accomplishment of his destiny.
RATIONALIZATION: B. Essentialist. Essentialism is an educational theory
rooted in classical realism and idealism which advocates curricular reform
stressing the essentials of the basics like the 3R's.
19. Teacher H class is engage in problem solving activity which in a way is a
reflection of the personal and social experiences. The purpose of this
activity is for the students to acquire the skills that can help them in solving
their own real-life problems. What philosophy can best describe this?
A. Realism C. Progressivism
B. Idealism D. Existentialism
23. “Education is a continuous process of experiencing and of visiting or
experiences “according to a Progressivist. What does it mean?
A. Education begins and ends in school.
B. Education takes place anytime and anywhere. C. Education happens
formally and informally.
D. Education goes on throughout life.
RATIONALIZATION: C. Progressivism. Progressivism connotes growth and
development. In this manner learning comes best when things are being
experienced, that is learning by doing
things. It involves participation of the students and allows them to exercise
RATIONALIZATION: D. Education goes on throughout life. Progressivism
connotes growth and development. It is an active form of philosophy for it
continues to evolve.
20. In the Social Science class of Teacher G, students identify the various
social and economic problems that require urgent solutions. They not only
discuss the ways to address it but also agreed to participate in solving them.
24. Mr. Cruz exemplifies an ideal teacher and son. He is competent in his
field based on the various recognitions that he received from his school. As
a dutiful son, he assumes all the responsibilities of raising his family (this
includes his parents, siblings, and their own families) – giving all their
needs and wants. The fulfilment of these is the neglect of the
responsibilities to himself. This attitude of Mr. Cruz is against what kind of
A. Existentialism C. Pragmatism
B. Constructivism D. Humanism
RATIONALIZATION: D. Existentialism. Conceives philosophy as something
that is felt by an individual because it’s concrete in itself or based on what is
concrete. There is also personal involvement in this kind of philosophy.
28. In line with the philosophy of Reconstructivism, which of the following
should be given emphasis in teaching?
A. To seek a better position in the society
B. To compare oneself with the less fortunate
C. To become economically self-reliant
D. To designate one’s superiority over the others
RATIONALIZATION: D. Humanism. Humanism stresses personal culture,
individual freedom, and development (the best way towards full and rich
RATIONALIZATION: C. To become economically self-reliant.
Reconstructivism aims to achieve social changes. This is a philosophy that
entails the identification of social problems, finding solutions for this and be
a part of the solution.
25. Teacher R ensures to put a certain amount of his monthly earnings in
the bank. At the end of the school year, he used all his savings in visiting
places rich of cultural heritages rather than of buying expensive clothes,
jewellery, and latest gadgets. Favoring the former action over the latter
exhibits that Teacher R follows what kind of philosophy?
A. Existentialism C. Behaviorism
B. Essentialism D. Progressivism
29. Joining organizations or clubs in school is requisite to granting of
academic distinction under DECS Order No. 65, s. 1998. This shows school
community connection reflected in activities geared towards society's
needs. What philosophy is related to this? / Activities planned by
school clubs or organizations show school-community connection geared
towards society's needs. What philosophy is related to this?
A. Realism C. Existentialism
B. Progressivism D. Reconstructivism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy that
gives a person the freedom to choose. It is a philosophy of subjectivity.
26. Teacher R ensures to put a certain amount of his monthly earnings in
the bank. At the end of the school year, he used all his savings in visiting
places rich of cultural heritages rather than of buying expensive clothes,
jewellery, and latest gadgets. This shows that Teacher R is an advocate of
what kind of philosophy?
A. Pragmatism C. Naturalism
B. Perennialism D. Essentialism
RATIONALIZATION: D. Reconstructivism. Reconstructivism aims to achieve
social changes. This is a philosophy that entails the identification of social
problems, finding solutions for this and be a part of the solution.
30. Increase of time allotment in English, Math and Science in the
Elementary level under the New Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) as
provided in DECS Order No. 1, s. 1993 contributes in the culturation of basic
literacy by providing the needed essential skills. The related philosophy is .
A. Realism C. Idealism
B. Essentialism D. Perennialism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Perennialism. Perennialism views education as a
recurring process based on eternal truths. Good education involves a search
for and understanding of truth which can all be found in the great works of
27. Teacher X rates the art work of her students not just on the merit of its
appeal to the senses but also considers its uniqueness and the
responsibility that every student has given in accomplishing the task. This
practice shows how Teacher X upholds this kind of philosophy:
A. Realism C. Idealism
B. Reconstructivism D. Existentialism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Essentialism. Essentialism is an educational theory
rooted in classical realism and idealism which advocates curricular reform
stressing the essentials of the basics like the 3R's.
31. Teacher A believes that the learner is the product of his environment.
Sometimes he has no choice. He/she is determined by his environment.
A. Rationalist C. Existentialist
B. Behaviorist D. Progressivist
1. As a parent and at the same time a teacher, which of the following will
you do to show your cooperation to a PTA project in your school to be
financed with the proceeds of the sales of the school canteen where food
prices are little bit higher?
a. Bring food for you and your children, but always make it a point to buy in
the school canteen. � � ✔
b. Buy all you food in the school canteen but request for a discount
c. Bring food enough for you and your children but do not eat in the
d. Buy all your food from the school canteen even if you cannot afford to do
2. How can you help a habitual borrower of money get rid of his habit?
a. Let him do something for you in return for the money you lent him
b. Direct him to others
c. Do not lend him anymore � � ✔
d. Ask for a collateral for the cash he is loaning
3. Periodic checks on student seatwork with a smile and pat on the shoulder
effectively reinforce good study habit is an example of __________
a. Discrimination reinforcement
b. Variable-ratio schedule
c. Continuous reinforcement � � ✔
d. Fixed interval and variable-interval schedule
4. A person strives to work at a given task because of a need. Which of the
following situations can make a person strive to meet his needs?
a. Minimize the unpleasant consequences of student involvement �
� ✔
b. Utilize your own opinion as teacher in making final decisions in the
c. Use unfamiliar materials as examples in order to initially arouse their
d. Ask pupils to submit test questions or reactions which you can select
5. The singing of the National Anthem in schools is an offshoot of the
philosophy of _________
a. Nationalism � � ✔
c. Naturalism
b. Pragmatism
d. Socialism
6. The environment in order to facilitate, learning must be interactive.
Which of the following best typifies this kind environment?
a. The child goes out and discovers for himself some rock or fossil �
RATIONALIZATION: B. Behaviorist. A behaviourist believes that human
behaviour can be best explained in terms of responses to external stimuli.
Also, education can be best achieved by modifying or changing student
behaviours in a socially acceptable manner through the arrangement of the
conditions for learning. The control is obtained not by manipulating the
individual, but the environment.
32. The curriculum is viewed as a means of developing desirable habits. It is
recommended that the way /means to form these habits is through the
mastery of organized subject matter. Which philosophy is behind this
educational view?
A. Naturalism C. Realism
B. Idealism D. Pragmatism
RATIONALIZATION: C. Realism. This educative process is viewed mainly as
the transmission of information and knowledge. The curriculum has the
function of forming the body and this interrelationship gives rise to the
dictum "sound mind in a sound body."
33. Teachers in school perform the role and responsibility of parents in the
development and education of the child. This stems from the belief that the
home is the primary agency in the education of the individual. Thus,
teachers are regarded as surrogate parents along the loco parentis
principle. Which philosophy espouses this view of education?
A. Pragmatism C. Idealism
B. Naturalism D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION: B. Naturalism - the school is seen as the extension of
home and teachers are deemed "surrogate parents".
34. This philosophy believes that students need a passionate encounter
with the positive and negative phases of life like the joy and agony of love,
desirability of life, the inevitability of death, the anguish of freedom and the
consequences of choices and actions. Which philosophy advocates this view
in education?
A. Existentialism C. Essentialism
B. Perennialism D. Realism
RATIONALIZATION: A. Existentialism - it is a modern school of thought that
grew out of the thoughts of European philosophers , particularly from Soren
Kierkegaard, who believes that the central problem humanity is facing is
the ability to cope with its existence.
13. The Constitutional provision on language has the following aims
a. To make the regional dialect as auxilliary media of instructions in
regional school
b. To maintain English as a second language
c. To make Filipino the sole medium of instruction � � ✔
d. To make Filipino the national Language and medium of instruction and
14. The tendency to emphasize so much on school beautification to the
detriment of pupils performance illustrates the
a. Filipino’s lack of seriousness
b. Filipino’s lack of reflection
c. Filipino’s sense of humor
d. Filipino’s love for “porma” � � ✔
15. Which is NOT a characteristics of democratic discipline?
a. Child has opportunity to express his/her opinion
b. Child given punishment is related to the misdeed
c. Child understands the meaning of rules
d. Child obeys blindly � � ✔
16. Who among the following stressed the processes of experience and
problem solving?
a. Dewey � � ✔
b. Aristotle
c. Hegel
d. Plato
17. Which of the following reasons of measuring student achievement is
NOT valid?
a. To prepare feedback on the effectiveness of the learning process
b. To certify that students have attained a level of competence in a subject
c. To discourage students from cheating during test and getting high
scores � � ✔
d. To motivate students to learn and master the materials they think will be
covered by the achievement test
18. Which characterizes the perfectionist type of students?
a. Does not volunteer or initiate
b. Give up easily
c. Rarely complete tasks
d. Often anxious fearful or frustrated about quality of work � � ✔
19. When a school decides to work on a thematic curriculum which should
be out of the picture?
� ✔
b. The child listens to a lecture on fossils given by the teacher
c. The child summarize the section on fossils in his science textbook
d. The child copies a list of facts concerning fossils on the blackboard
7. Social development means the acquisition of the ability to behave in
accordance with __________
a. Social expectation � � ✔
c. social insight
b. Stereotyped behavior
d. universal norms
8. When an adolescent combines ability to use deductive and inductive
reasoning in the construction of realistic rules that he can respect and live
by, how does he perceive his environment?
a. He views the world from his own perspective
b. He interprets events from a limited view
c. He views events apart from himself and other people � � ✔
d. He views the world and himself through the eyes of other people
9. Who introduced the technique of using the drawing of a man as a
measure of intelligence?
a. Aristotle
b. Herbart
c. Good Enough � � ✔
d. Binet
10. Which Republic Act provides government assistance to students and
teachers in private education?
a. RA 7784
b. RA 6728 � � ✔
c. RA 7836
d. RA 6675
11. The authoritarian setting in the Filipino home is reinforced by a
classroom teacher who:
a. Encourage pupils to ask questions
b. Prescribes what pupils should do � � ✔
c. Is open to suggestions
d. Ask open ended questions
12. Who among the following believes that learning requires disciplined
attention, regular homework, and respect for legitimate authority?
a. Essentialist � � ✔
b. Perennialist
c. Progressivist
d. Reconstructionist
a. Peer collaboration
c. team teaching
b. Integration
d. competition � � ✔
20. Teacher wants to teach his pupils the technique on reading for
information. Which technique should be used?
a. Text structure
c. Story map
b. Prior knowledge
d. SQ4R � � ✔
21. In instructional planning, which among these three: unit plan, course
plan, lesson plan is (are) most specific? _________ plans.
a. Course and lesson
c. lesson � � ✔
b. Course
d. unit
22. The use of drills in the classroom is rooted on Thorndike’s law of
a. Readiness
c. effect
b. Exercise � � ✔
d. belongingness
23. Positive interdependence as an element of collaborative learning means
that the students must:
a. Learn to depend on each other to achieve a goal � � ✔
b. Depend on the diligent students
c. Help one another in the individual test for everyone to pass
d. Be grouped heterogeneously
24. Which of the following measures should a teacher do to a principal
whom she would like to file a case of sexual harassment without violating
the relationship of the teacher and her superiors?
a. Present the case before competent authority and prepare to prove the
charge � � ✔
b. Write an anonymous letter to a higher school official to denounce the
c. Call a parent-teacher meeting and denounce the superior
d. Encourage the other teachers and students to hold a demonstration to
oust the superior
25. Pick out the situation that illustrates the duty of a new teacher to the
a. Take a long vacation which she firmly believes she deserves after four
years of diligent study before taking the examination for teachers
b. Apply for teaching job where eligibility is not required to gain teaching
experience before taking the teachers board examination
c. Prepare for the wedding she and her boyfriend have long planned to able
to raise a family with children which they plan to rear as good citizen of our
d. Take the licensure examination for teacher and an oath to do her best to
help carry out the policies of the state � � ✔
26. Parents are up in arms on the telephone bills that pay for sex calls. What
is the solution to this problem?
a. The telephone company is to blame for this
b. The government restriction have no teeth
c. Parents allow this to make their children modern
d. Parents, school and students should discuss this openly � � ✔
27. Cooperative are encouraged is as many groups as possible. What agency
controls the different cooperatives?
a. Security and Exchange Commission � � ✔
c. Commission on Audit
b. Department of Local Government
d. Bureau of Cooperative
28. Society and media know drinking starts off drug addiction. What should
be discussed in schools?
a. Drug addiction has been traced to drinking wine � � ✔
b. Nobody drinks at home except father
c. TV ads show drinking is a source of fellowship
d. High taxes on liquor will be deterrent to eventual drug use
29. Cooperatives have branched out to consumer cooperatives. Schools
have included the concepts of cooperatives. Where is it practiced?
a. School book stores
c. Schools uniform purchases
b. School canteen � � ✔
d. Class stores
30. A student collapsed in her social studies class. It was found out that he
did not eat her lunch. What principle is shown in the situation
a. Psychological needs
c. Somatotonic
b. Physiological need � � ✔
d. Safety need
31. The main function of a philosophy of education is to:
a. Aid the learner to build his own personal philosophy
b. Reconsider existing educational goals in the light of society’s needs
c. Provide the academic background prerequisite to learning
38. Which is the least authentic mode of assessment?
a. Paper-and-pencil test in vocabulary � � ✔
b. Oral performance to assess student’s spoken communication ski8lls
c. Experiments in science to assess skill in the use of scientific methods
d. Artist production for music or art subject
d. Define the goals and set the direction for which education is to strive
� � ✔
32. Which technique (s) enable (s) a teacher to identify and eventually
assists students with interpersonal difficulties?
a. Anecdotal record
c. Cumulative record
b. Personal inventory
d. Sociogram**
39. In what period of a child is physical growth fastest?
a. Prenatal period
c. Early childhood **
b. Early adolescence
d. Prenatal and early adolescence
33. Teachers and students can participate in levels of computer use. Give
the order of computer use from simplest to complex?
a. Computer competency, computer literacy, competency expertise
b. Computer literacy, computer expertise, computer competency
c. Computer competency, computer expertise, computer literacy
d. Computer literacy, computer competency, computer expertise � �
✔ ✔
34. Which one is considered the “Brain” of the microcomputer?
a. CPU � � ✔
b. Software
c. Video Screen
d. Keyboard
35. A group activity wherein one group representative presents the output
to the bigger group rather than individual pupils presenting the output is
known as:
a. Consensus decision
c. Jury trial
b. Composite report � � ✔
d. Agenda
36. In the formulation of classroom regulations, which of the following
should a teacher refrain from doing?
a. State classroom regulation as clearly as possible
b. Enlist student aid in the formation of classroom regulation
c. Enforce classroom regulations consistently and fairly
d. Teacher and the class should make as many regulations as possible
� � ✔
37. Zero standard deviation means that:
a. The students scores are the same � � ✔
b. 50% of the scores obtained is zero
c. More than 50% of the score obtained is zero
d. Less than 50% of the scores obtained is zero
40. How does fear affect the voluntariness of an act?
a. Makes the act involuntary � � ✔
c. Increases voluntariness
b. No effect at all
d. Lessens but not destroy voluntariness
41. A group of people asserts that their culture is superior to another. This
a. Cultural gap
c. norm conflict
b. Cultural conflict
d. Ethnocentrism � � ✔
42. A test consist of a graph showing the relationship between age and
population. Follow a series of true-false items based on the graph. Which
type of test does this illustrate?
a. Laboratory exercise
c. Performance
b. Problem solving
d. interpretative � � ✔
43. Which curricular move served to strengthen spiritual and ethical
a. Integration of creative thinking in all subject
b. Reducing the number of subject areas into the skill subject
c. Introduction of Value Education as a separate subject area � � ✔
d. Re-introducing Science as all subject in Grade 1
44. Which computer seems to have the most potential for the classroom?
a. Main frame computer
c. Microcomputer � � ✔
b. Minicomputer
d. LPC
45. A teacher notices glaring wrong pronunciation of vowel sounds among
her students necessitating more practice. Which of the following activities
would be a most help?
a. Dictionary use
c. Assignments
b. Review
d. Drill � � ✔
46. When storage device is significantly more efficient in holding
a. Hard disk � � ✔
c. Floppy disk
b. Software
d. Audio cassette
47. The Filipino tendency to resort to the easy way out from a term paper as
a course requirement by hiring a ghost writer or by passing a photocopied
term paper provide which Filipino traits?
a. Anticipation
c. Pakikisama
b. Ambivalence
d. Lack of discipline � � ✔
48. “ No pain, no gain.” This means that
a. Only those willing to carry the crosses that life impose can share the joy
of life � � ✔
b. One should be penitent every Friday by carrying his cross
c. The more suffering in this life, the more one is assured of heaven
d. One should look for suffering to save himself/ herself
49. Which thrust on value formation is meant to help the students make use
of their thinking and scientific investigation to decide on topics and
questions about values?
a. Value inculcation
c. Value clarification � � ✔
b. Analysis
d. Moral development
50. Which interactive teaching should be AVOIDED?
a. Using “put down” strategy � � ✔
c. Asking more divergent questions
b. Using multiple response strategy
d. Asking more evaluative questions
51. Rights which can not be renounced or transferred because they are
necessary for the fulfillment of man’s primordial obligations are called:
a. Alienable rights
c. Inalienable rights
b. Perfect rights
d. Acquired rights
52. In mastery learning the definition of an acceptable standard of
performance is called:
a. Alienable rights
c. Inalienable rights
b. Perfect rights
d. Acquired rights**
53. A negative discrimination index means that:
a. More from the lower group answered the test items correctly � �
b. The items could not discriminate between the lower and upper group
c. More from the upper group answered the test item correctly
d. Less from the lower group got the test item correctly
54. Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and everything in it are
ever changing and so teaches you the skill to cope with the changes. Which
in his governing philosophy?
a. Experimentation
c. Realism
b. Existentialism � � ✔
d. Idealism
55. For brainstorming to be effective which one should be out?
a. Making use of the others ideas shared
c.Non-threatening atmosphere
b. Teacher’s judge mental attitude � � ✔
d. Openness to idea
56. Which statement on spaced and massed learning is CORRECT?
a. Massed learning is better than spaced learning
b. Spaced learning is better than massed learning � � ✔
c. Massed learning is as effective as spaced learning
d. Both massed learning and spaced learning are not effective
57. A teacher is a facilitator of learning and of the development of the youth.
Which practice is NOT in keeping with his role as facilitator?
a. Considers the multiple intelligences of learners
b. Humiliates misbehaving pupils � � ✔
c. Dialogs with parents and with other members of the community
d. Keeps himself abreast with educational trends
58. Which one indicates a teacher’s genuine enthusiasm and pride in
a. Sticking to teaching for the moment that there are no better offers
b. Telling everyone that he went to teaching for there was no other choice
c. Engaging himself in continuing professional education � � ✔
d. Belittling the re-numeration one gets from teaching
59. In writing performance objective which word is NOT acceptable?
a. Manipulate
c. Delineate
b. Integrate
d. Comprehend � � ✔
60. When is giving praise INEFFECTIVE? When IT?
a. Uses the accomplishment of peers as the context for describing a
student’s present accomplishment � � � ✔
b. Provides information to student’s about their competence and the value
of their accomplishment
c. Focuses students attention on her own task relevant behavior
d. Shows spontaneity, variety and other signs of credibility
61. Which statement applies when scores distribution is negatively skewed?
a. The mode corresponds to a lower value
b. The median is higher that the mode
c. The mode and median are equal
d. The mean corresponds to a high value � � ✔
62. The use of the process approach gives the student the opportunity to:
a. Learn on their own
c. Make use of laboratory apparatuses
b. Apply the scientific method � � ✔
d. Learn how to learn
63. A comprehension skill of higher level which may be inferred or implied
from reading is
a. Picking out the main idea
c. Following direction
b. Noting specific details
d. Drawing conclusion � � ✔
64. In the Preamble of the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers, which is
not mentioned about teachers?
a. Dully licensed professionals
c. LET passers � � ✔
b. Posses dignity and reputation
d. With high moral values
65. What does a skewed score distribution mean?
a. The scores are concentrated more at one end or the other end **
b. The mode, the mean and the median are equal
c. The mean and median are equal
d. The scores are normally distributed
66. Which is implied by a negatively skewed score distribution/
a. The scores are evenly distributed from the left to the right
b. Most pupils are underachieves
c. Most of the scores are high � � ✔
d. Most of the scores are low
67. A teacher discovers that a product of a certain bottling company brings
about damage to teeth. Much as he wants to share the products of his
research, he could not because of harassment from all sides. Which
teacher’s right is violated?
a. Right to property
c. Academic freedom � � ✔
b. Right to one’s honor
d. Right to make a livelihood
68. Why can the calculator do arithmetic? Because
a. A computer inside the calculator tells it how � � ✔
c. A typewriter inside does inside does it
b. A watch inside direct it
d. A TV inside shows it
69. On which constitutional provision is the full or partial integration of
capable deaf and blind students in the classroom based? The provision on
a. Providing citizenship and vocational training to adult citizen
b. Protecting and promoting the rights of all citizen to quality education
� � ✔
c. Academic freedom
d. Creating scholarship for poor and deserving students
70. Teaching in the cognitive, psychomotor and affective domains is based
on the concept that the learner is a:
a. Moral and feeling being
c. Thinking, feeling and acting being � � ✔
b. Maternal and an acting being
d. Spiritual and maternal being
71. Both Muslim and Christian value marriage but the Muslim practices
polygamous marriage while the Christian practices monogamous marriage.
What is this called?
a. Cultural relativism � � ✔
c. Ethical relativism
b. Acculturation
d. Enculturation
72. Teacher wants to compare 2 concepts. With which technique can
accomplish this best?
a. K-W-L technique
c. Spider web
b. Venn diagram � � ✔
d. Histogram
73. To build a sense of pride among Filipino youth which should be done?
a. Re-study our history and stress on our achievements as a people �
� ✔
b. Set aside the study of local history
c. Re-study our history from the perspective of our colonizers
d. Replace the study of folklores and myths with technical subjects
74. When necessary conditions are present, the use of inductive method is
preferred because
a. There is greater active participation on the part of pupils � � ✔
b. It gives the teacher more time to rest
c. It needs only few instruction materials
d. Academic time is used wisely
75. Which is the best reason why teacher begins a lesson in Math by
checking and reviewing on the previous day’s assignment and provides
practice and drills?
a. Check if parents guide their children in the making of assignment
b. Make sure that the students understand the pre-requisite skills of the
lesson � � ✔
c. Prepare the students for the mastery test
d. Make learning interesting and enjoyable for students
76. Which is a selective reading technique meant at getting at important
facts very fast?
a. Skim reading
c. Oral reading
b. Scanning � � ✔
d. Silent reading
77. For counseling to be successful which assumption must be AVOIDED?
a. The environment must provide assurance of confidentiality
b. The student is willing to participate in the process
c. The counselor must be able to relate to the student
d. The counselor tells the student what to do � � ✔
78. Which technique is most appropriate when a teacher wants a group to
agree on a plan of action?
a. Composite report
c. Agenda
b. Symposium
d. Consensus decision making � � ✔
79. Which term applies to the search for related literature by computing
access of data bases of discs kept in libraries?
a. On line research
c. Compact discs computer research � � ✔
b. Manual research
d. Computer research
80. Which best indicates the effectiveness classroom activities?
a. The laughter and enjoyment of students
b. The application of concept learned in daily life � � ✔
c. The utilization of varied techniques and approaches
d. The variety of instructional materials used
81. The main purpose of the compulsory study of the Constitution in
Philippine schools is to
a. Develop the students into responsible thinking citizens � � ✔
b. Acquaint students with the historical development of the Philippine
c. Prepare students for law making
d. Make constitutional experts of the students
82. Some students who are high in the scholastic aptitude test have failed in
college. Some who are below the standards set for admission but who for
various reasons were admitted, attained satisfactory standings. This proves
a. Human beings are certainly predictable
b. Admission tests are not accurate, hence should not be used
c. Aptitude tests do not measure all factors important for success � �
d. Aptitude test can be perfectly relied on
83. If the teachers pattern in questioning consists of calling on a student
then asking the question
a. All students may be encouraged to participate
b. The student called to answer may be able to think well of his answer
c. The rest of the class may just dictate the answer
d. The rest of the class may not engage themselves in thinking of the
answer � � ✔
84. In order to avoid disgrace, a pregnant, unmarried woman takes drug to
induce abortion. Is she morally justified to do that?
a. Yes, it can save her and child from disgrace when he grows up
b. No, the unborn child can not be made to suffer the consequences of the
sins of his parents � � ✔
c. No, the act of inducing abortion is bad in itself
d. No, it is better to prevent the child from coming into the world who will
suffer very much due to the absence of a father
85. In which way does heredity affect the development of the learner?
a. By placing limits beyond which the learner can not develop � � ✔
b. By compensating for what environment fails to develop
c. By blocking the influence of environment
d. By providing equal potential to all
86. The cultivation of reflective and meditative skills in teaching is an
influence of
a. Taoism
c. Confucianism
b. Shintoism
d. Zen Buddhism � � ✔
87. A child refuse to obey orders or displays negativism as a development
trait. How may you best handle him?
a. Take every opportunity to praise him for every positive attitude
displayed � � ✔
b. Detain him after office hours for him do to what he has been ordered to
c. Insist on compliance to the same degree required of pupils
d. Avoid giving him orders if you do and he objects take back the order
88. Which term refers to the collection of students products and
accomplishment for a period of evaluation purposes?
a. Portfolio � � ✔
c. Anecdotal record
b. Observation report
d. Diary
89. For comparing and contrasting which graphic organizers is most
a. Cycle
c. Story map
b. Web
d. Venn Diagram � � ✔
90. If a resilient child with superior intelligence is reared in a poor
environment the probable outcome would be
a. No change in IQ because environment deprivation has nothing has
nothing to do with intelligence
b. Slight change in IQ although he can overcome frustration and obstacle
� � ✔
c. Mental retardation since he is culturally deprived
d. Great change in IQ because he is culturally deprived
91. Which of the following is usually considered the most important factor
in a child’s observable classroom behavior ?
a. Intelligence
c. Self concept � � ✔
b. Heredity
d. Cultural background
92. Section 5, article XIV, of the Constitution states that academic freedom
shall be enjoyed in
a. Public assemblies
c. All levels of learning
b. State colleges and universities
d. All institution of higher learning � � ✔
93. A teacher who subscribes to the pragmatic philosophy of education
believes that experience should follow learning in her teaching, she
therefore exerts effort in
a. Encouraging learners to memorize factual knowledge
b. Equipping learners with the basic abilities and skills
c. Requiring learners full mastery of the lesson
d. Providing learners opportunities to apply theories and principles �
� ✔
94. Freud expounded that there is a period when young boys experience
rivalry with their father for their mother’s affection. This is
a. Oedipus complex � � ✔
c. Achilles syndrome
b. Electra complex
d. Cassandra syndrome
95. Education is a life long process. This simply means that education
a. May take place formally or informally to enable the individual to grow
b. May take place anywhere and any time the individual so desires
c. Is a continuous process of experiencing and reorganizing experiences
� � ✔
d. Take place in the school where the individual is exposed, self contained
96. The tendency to imitate elders is very strong in the early childhood
stage. Teachers should therefore be very good
a. Counselors
c. Disciplinarians
b. Role models � � ✔
d. Facilitators of learning
97. How is Values Education offered in the National Secondary Education
a. Emphasized in Science and Technology
b. As a separate subject � � ✔
c. Integrated in all subject areas
d. Integrated with Technology and Home Economics
98. The NSEC orients secondary education to
a. The teaching of the national symbols
b. The development of competencies and values for social living � �
c. Health values development
d. National development requirement and reflects research based direction
99. The child cannot distinguish abstracts during the sensory motor of
development. Which of these techniques should a teacher apply to
accommodate learning?
a. Make use of individualized instruction
b. Explain the lesson very well
c. Utilize concrete objects to clarify concept
d. Provide variety of educational toys � � ✔
c. Heredity has a part in determining intelligence � � ✔
d. Intelligence is determined partly by pre-natal nutrition
103. Which of theses philosophers is reflective of that of Dewey’s which
stresses the development of an individual capable of reflective thinking
specifically that of being able to solve the problem he faces individually or
a. Disciplinarianism c. Experimentation � � ✔
b. Developmentalism d. Rationalism
104. Which of the following abilities is stressed by humanistic education?
a. Learn the different philosophies of education
b. Develop man into a thinking individual
c. Enjoy the great works of man such as the classics
d. Make man distinctly civilized educated and refined � � ✔
105. An appreciation lesson is one that is designed to lead the class to
conduct and enjoy something. Which of the following statements closely
approximate the meaning of the above?
a. An appreciation lesson should be a lesson in values
b. Appreciation lessons help pupils weigh and clarify values
c. One cannot fully appreciate what one does not understand or enjoy
d. A teacher should plan lessons that will guide children to appreciate what
is beautiful � � ✔
106. Which of the following is the best time for a teacher to set up routine
activities that will contribute to effective classroom management?
a. As soon as the students have established
c. During his homeroom days
b. Daily at the start of the session
d. On the very first day of school � � ✔
107. In large classes where little of the work pupils can be individualized,
the most effective and practical ways to individualize instruction is to
a. Devise group activities which afford every pupil an opportunity to work
at his own � � ✔
b. Give the pupils freedom to launch individual projects
c. Assign homework and check it regularly
d. Assign program material for out-of-class hours
108. Which of these is the MOST important principle that a teacher should
follow in initiating program for positive reinforcement?
a. Make sure the reward comes immediately after the appropriate
behavior � � ✔
b. Punish negative behavior and reward positive behavior
c. Provide regular opportunity for socially acceptable behavior
d. Consider peer approval and recognition
100. Which of these systems of learning includes ways and methods which
are used in preserving and building certain within cultural communities?
a. Non-formal learning
c. Cultural learning **
b. Multi-level learning
d. Indigenous learning
101. Which of the following statements is TRUE in the use of experiments
and demonstrations in teaching science
a. It is valuable if used in the context of a lesson that related observation to
other information � � ✔
b. It should be encouraged in elementary school since the concept the
encompass are difficult for your children
c. It is as valuable as teaching by lecturing
d. It is less valuable than teaching through inquiry and discussion
102. Identical twins are more alike than fraternal twins. Which of the
following statements/ principle is supported by this?
a. Environment affects both fraternal and identical twins
b. Intelligence hinges in physical structure
109. The trend of focusing attention on the child’s interests, abilities and
needs and on the improvement of community living necessitate the use of
a. Discovery approach
c. Integrative approach
b. Conceptual technique
d. Project method � � ✔
110. The best way the teacher can see the appropriateness of an
instructional materials is to
a. Consider its technical quality
c. Consider its availability
b. Try it out before using it in class � � ✔
d. Consider its cost
111. Tasks analysis involves the breaking down of a learning task into
subtasks or sub skills. Given a task to retell a story, which of the following
skills is NOT needed?
a. To disseminate information � � ✔
c. To identify topic sentences
b. To outline a selection
d. To arrange events in sequence
112. You are assigned to teach students with varied abilities. You want to
teach a more homogenous grouping. Which type of grouping will tend to
benefit your students?
a. Mixed ability grouping
c. With-in class ability grouping � � ✔
b. Low ability group
d. High ability grouping
113. Which of the following examples illustrate the use of questions to focus
pupil attention on the key points of the lesson?
a. Why are machine made goods cheaper than those made by hand? �
� ✔
b. What is Rizal Park known for?
c. Have you ever enjoyed watching the clouds on a bright day?
d. Who came while I was writing on the blackboard?
114. The new teacher entered a noisy classroom. She shouted immediately
at the students desperately trying to get order and discipline. Since then the
teacher has not controlled the class. Which is the most probable cause of
the teacher’s failure?
a. The students reaction to the teacher is the consequence of her behavior
b. Rules are not defined and procedures to sustain order is not put into
c. The new teacher wants to show the class who is authority
d. The class wants to test the ability and patience of the teacher. � �
115. The educational implementation of research findings relative to the
ability of dull learners and bright learners to organize and generalize is for
a. To make the bright learners guide the dull ones in learning generalize
b. To make the bright learners to generalize and the dull ones to memorize
c. To give the dull learners more concrete experiences to serve as basis for
d. To give both the dull and bright learners concrete and abstract
experiences to serve as basis for generalizing � � ✔
116. Which of the following will you do the FIRST to establish good class
a. Discuss the required rules for proper class behavior � � ✔
b. Discuss the work plan for the year
c. Prepare a seat plan
d. Train the class in the distribution of material
117. A student was diagnosed to have a high IQ but is falling in his academic
subject. What should the teacher do to help him?
a. Talk to his parents
b. Examine his study habits
c. Talk the student and find out his problem � � ✔
d. Refer him to the guidance counselor
118. Which is the TRUE foundation of the social order?
a. Strong, political leadership
b. The reciprocation of rights and duties � � ✔
c. Equitable distribution of wealth
d. Obedient citizenry
119. When do test, inventories and career information become effective for
counseling services?
a. When the data generated are interpreted on time by professionally
competent person � � ✔
b. The psychological test result are still valid and reliable
c. When the records are updated
d. When the records are kept for ready reference when needed
120. Which of the following is a major advantage in using arithmetic mean?
a. It is more commonly used than other measures
b. It discriminates between the lowest and the highest
c. It is simple to compute � � ✔
d. It is more than stable than the median
127. Teacher should bear in mind that the period of greatest mental
development is from:
a. 9 to 12 years
b. 12 to 15 years � � ✔
c. 6 to 9 years
d. 3 to 6 years
128. Which of the following is the best situation wherein you can balance
responsibility and accountability?
a. A teacher paid on an hour basis, takes her time with the subject matter till
end of period
b. A teacher paid on an hour basis, teaches as much as she could for
duration of the period � � ✔
c. A teacher paid on an hour basis, spends most of the time on the latest
gossips in showbiz
d. A teacher paid on an hour basis, entertain her students with stories till
the end of the period
129. You have a pupil who is so talkative, naughty and aggressive that he is
a burden to the entire members of the class. How would you remedy this
a. Call the parents for dialogue
c. Reprimand him always
b. Report the case to the principal
d. Talk to him seriously � � ✔
130. What should a teacher do before constructing items for a particular
a. Prepare a table specifications � � ✔
b. Review the previous lessons
c. Determine the length of time for answering it
d. Announce to students the scope of the test
131. Under which of the multiple choice type of test can this question be
classified? ‘ Which of the following statements expresses this concept in
different forms?
a. Association � � ✔
b. Definition
c. Difference
d. Cause
132. Of the following types of test which is the most subjective in scoring?
a. Matching type
b. Simple recall
c. Multiple choice
d. Essay � � ✔
121. In preparing a multiple choice test how many options would be ideal?
a. It is more commonly used than other measures
b. It discriminates between lowest and the highest
c. It is simple to compute
d. It is more than stable than the median
122. Learners often find it much easier to fit into a new social situation
when given encouragement and support. How can this be done?
a. By giving him room responsibility
b. By assigning “peers or Buddies” to him � � ✔
c. By giving him special help
d. By discovering his new interest
123. Who expounded on the need to study the child carefully for
individualized instruction?
a. Da Feltre � � ✔
b. Erasmus
c. Boccacio
d. Ascham
124. Which of the following should a teacher do if she cannot pay the
monthly installment of an appliance she got from a department store in
their town?
a. Reject any notice of demand for payment to make the impression that she
did not receive
b. Move to another neighborhood to escape payment
c. Inform the manager of the store personally and make a satisfactory
arrangement of payment on or before the due date of payment � �
d. Offer the return the used appliance to the store on the condition that she
will be refunded on the monthly installment she paid
125. Which of the following will you recommended to a senior high school
scholar who is impregnated by a fellow student?
a. Tell her parent about her condition � � ✔
b. Stop schooling till after she gives birth
c. Direct her to an abortion clinic
d. Force her boyfriend to marry her
126. The government prescribes a higher percentage on the administration
of educational institution to Filipino citizens in order to
a. Minimize the unemployment problem
b. Procedure globally competitive graduates � � ✔
c. Protect the rights of the citizen
d. Ensure the teaching of Filipino
133. In which of these research methods can the researcher control certain
a. Experimental � � ✔
b. Ex post facto
c. Descriptive
d. Historical
134. During the first grading period, a student obtained failing marks in five
academic subjects. Which of the following tests would best explain his
a. Mental ability
b. Personality
c. Attitude
d. Aptitude � � ✔
135. Measuring the work done by gravitational force is a learning task. At
what level of cognition ?
a. Application � � ✔
b. Knowledge
c. Evaluation
d. Comprehension
c. Test will show who is more cultured
d. Cultured people do better on tests
140. Which is the most obvious and familiar way of reporting variability?
a. Range between highest with some culture
c. Standard error of the mean
b. Standard deviation � � ✔
d. Distribution of raw scores
141. The theory of identical elements in learning holds that transfer is
facilitated when the ______
a. Teacher uses different teaching devices
b. Learner has a memory of specific responses
c. Development task is easily identifies
d. Experience is similar to the application situation � � ✔
142. If this need is not met the adolescent tends to be critical and always
tries to find fault. This is the need
a. For recognition � � ✔
c. to belong
b. For adventure
d. for material security
143. The way a child talks, walks of manifest, gestures may have been
learned from models he had been exposed. This explains
a. Affective
b. Insight
c. Social � � ✔
d. Cognitive
144. Audio-visual aids are used in classroom teaching to __________
a. Help make learning more permanent
c. Help clarify important concept
b. All of these � � ✔
d. Arouse and sustain student’s interest
145. Which of the following is the MOST important purpose for using
achievement test? To measure the _________
a. Quality and quantity of previous learning � � ✔
c. Educational and vocational aptitude
b. Quality and quantity of previous teaching
d. Capacity for future learning
146. Which of the different types of test covers a wide variety of objectives?
a. True-false
c. Matching
b. Multiple choice � � ✔
d. Essay
136. Setting up criteria for scoring test is meant to increase their ________
a. Objectively **
b. Reliability
c. Validity
d. Usability
137. Which of the following you will do to an examinee you caught cheating
and who offered to a certain sum of money to keep quiet
a. Motion him to keep quiet and watch for him after the examination
b. Confiscate his test paper and report him to the examination supervisor
� � ✔
c. Announce to all examinees the name of the cheater
d. Ignore him but let him feel you saw him
138. Which of the following is the best situation wherein you can balance
rights and authority?
a. Allow all their only daughter’s suitor to come and go as she pleases
b. Censor all their only daughter’s suitor
c. Choose a life-partner for their only daughter
d. Caution their only daughter’s choice of a boyfriend � � ✔
139. In testing which of the following is referred to as cultural bias?
a. Test items are more familiar with some culture � � ✔
b. Some culture do better on test than others
147. In a multiple choice test, keeping the options brief indicates ____________
a. Inclusion in the item irrelevant clues such as the use in the correct
b. Non inclusion of option that mean the same
c. Plausibility and attractiveness of the item � ✔
d. Inclusion in the item any word that must otherwise repeated in each
148. Which of these criteria is the most important in test constructions?
a. The stem should contain the central problem
b. Items should be congruent with the objectives � � ✔
c. A table of specification should be prepared
d. Options should be of almost the same length
a. medals – valor
b. gun salute – bravery
c. appointments – dedication
d. money – sacrifice
Answer: A
5. Every June, Manila has its festival of outstanding Filipino films.
This was a project initiated by
a. Arsenio Lacson
b. German Moreno
c. Antonio Villegas
d. Ramon Bagatsing
Answer: C
6. Which among the sounds below is voiceless?
a. /b/
b. /z/
c. /g/
d. /p/
Answer: D
7. “Only the heart can see rightly.” This statement is lifted from
what particular novel?
a. The Prince and the Pauper
b. The Little Prince
c. The Right One
d. The Pearl
Answer: B
8. He was the American President who said, “Ask not what America
will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of
a. Gerald Ford
b. Franklin Roosevelt
c. Henry Truman
d. John F. Kennedy
Answer: D
9. History is the witness that ______ passing of time.
a. testifies
b. will testify
c. testifies for
d. testifies for the
Answer: D
10. When I met Liza yesterday, it was the first time I _____ her since
a. saw
1. It is a collection of religious poetry written by Rabindranath Tagore.
a. Mahabharata
b. Gitanjali
c. The Ramayana
d. Bhagavad Gita
Answer: B
2. Robert Frost wrote the poem Acquainted with the Night from
which the stanza is taken:
I have been one acquainted with the night.
I have walked out in rain-back in rain.
I have out walked the farthest city light
The poet in the stanza talks of?
a. isolation and loneliness
b. joy getting out of the house
c. youthful delight playing in the rain
d. happiness in having been acquainted with the night
Answer: A
3. Which is the BEST WAY to write the underlined portion of this
sentence? Researchers also speculate that some teachers might
have given boys more computer time because parents and teachers
expected boys to need computers for future careers.
a. expected
b. expecting
c. will expect
d. will have expected
Answer: D
4. The wounded soldiers were visited by the president who
honoured them with ____ for their _____.
b. had seen
c. have seen
d. have been seen
Answer: D
11. The commander ordered his men to hold on the fort. What was
the message?
a. Surrender in arms
b. Keep on with the fight
c. Disregard the peace negotiation
d. Rescue the hostage victims fast and early
Answer: B
12. “She is a vision of feminine pulchritude.” This stands for the
following EXCEPT
a. Loveliness
b. Comeliness
c. Homeliness
d. Physical beauty
Answer: C
13. The Nibelungenlied is a
a. Latin Myth
b. Chinese legend
c. Russian folk song
d. Medieval German epic
Answer: D
14. An association wherein the name of something is substituted by
something that represents it.
a. Metonymy
b. Comparison
c. Euphemism
d. Personification
Answer: A
15. Because the moon rotates on its axis at the same time as it ______
around the earth, we see the same side
a. Revolve
b. Revolves
c. Is revolving
d. Has been revolving
Answer: B
16. In English verse, a poetic foot having 1 stressed syllable
followed by 1 unstressed syllable is ______.
a. Trochaic
b. Iambic
c. Dactylic
d. Anapaestic
Answer: A
17. Senators were accused by activists of washing their hands with
the perfumes of Arabia. This state is commonly known as
a. Guilt
b. Triumph
c. Indecision
d. Aggression
Answer: A
18. I suggest that he _____ in the room for one week.
a. Stay
b. Stayed
c. Staying
d. Stays
Answer: A
19. The manager told his workers, “We have to reduce our
workforce.” What did he mean?
Workers are free to leave
Workers are warned of possible lay off
Workers have to double time on their jobs
Workers should submit themselves to a reducing gym
Answer: B
20. The parent remarked, “__________ I come late, just lock the door.”
a. In the absence
b. In the process
c. In the event
d. In the case
Answer: C
21. The copyreader found the news story boring. He found it full of
a. Adjectives
b. Verbs
c. Pronouns
d. Adverbs
Answer: C
22. There were three guests on the stage. They were made up of a
parent, the governor and the principal. Who should be
acknowledged first by the valedictorian?
a. The classmates
b. The principal
c. The governor
d. The parent
Answer: C
23. What is suggested in the opening line? June 13, 1986 - they
came from all over America - 200,000 heroes strong, with their
a. The writer holds great admiration for the veterans
b. The writer is opposed to the Vietnam War
c. The writer was a veteran of the war
d. The writer is a flag-waving patriot
Answer: A
24. A readability mismatch happens when the reading levels of
books exceed the reading levels of the students. In this situation,
the students experience frustration and they fall short of the
expected or desired output. A student who finds himself/ herself in
such a mismatch will likely do which of the following?
a. Give an intelligent critique of the selection or story read
b. Write a comprehensive reaction paper regarding the selection or
story read
c. Present an argument that the selection or story read was not
properly written
d. Manifest an expected and commensurate emotional reaction to
the selection or story read
Answer: C
25. What does this mean: Excuses are for losers… those who take
responsibility for their actions are real winners in life. This tells of?
a. losers often fail because they find reasons for losing
b. a winner can also be a quitter
c. accountability of one’s action tells of bravery
d. excuses are needed to justify any failure
Answer: C
26. A couple accepted a wedding invitation. They showed pleasure
in these remarks
a. All guests congratulated the organizers and the couple
b. Guests came in and out of the ceremonies
c. The ceremonies were very impressive
d. The couple felt uneasy with the priest
Answer: C
27. What correction should be made to this sentence?
One of the theories is that the first child receives more of the
parents' attention than other children so first-borns tend to be
more intellectual.
a. Change is to are
b. Insert a comma after children
c. Change parents' to parent's
d. Change theories to theory's
Answer: B
28. Carl Sundburg wrote "Jazz Fantasia" which has for its first
Drum on your drums, batter on your banjos, sob on the long cool
winding saxophones. Go to it, O jazzmen.
Which words illustrate alliteration?
a. Batter and banjos
b. Sob and winding
c. Long and cool
d. To and it
Answer: A
29. What is meant by AT SIXES AND SEVENS in this sentence?
We moved into the house last week, but I'm afraid everything, is
still at sixes and sevens.
a. The things have not been shipped.
b. In a state of confusion
c. In an orderly manner
d. The boxes are still intact
Answer: B
30. What is the mood of these lines?
Daylight, I must wait for the sunrise
I must think of a new life
And I mustn't give in.
When the dawn comes
tonight will be a memory, too
And a new day will begin.
a. Afraid
b. Sarcastic
c. Depressed
d. Hopeful
Answer: D
Below is the LET Reviewer for General Education GENED: Filipino
Part 1. We encourage readers/ reviewees to use the comment boxes
after the article for discussion.
1. Sinabi ni Carlos P. Romulo sa isa niyang akda, “Ang Pilipino ay
may dugong maharlika.” Ano ang kahulugan nito?
a. Ang Pilipino ay nanggaling sa malayang lahi
b. Ang Pilipino ay sadyang mabuti ang budhi.
c. Ang Pilipino ay galing sa mayamang lahi
d. Ang Pilipino ay madaling maipagbili
Answer: A
2. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang pinakatamang pangungusap?
a. Ang mga kabataan sa lansangan ay naglalaro at nagtatakbuhan sa
b. Ang kabataan ay naglalaro kung maliwanag ang buwan at
nagtatakbuhan sa lansangan.
c. Ang mga kabataan ay naglalaro at nagtatakbuhan sa lansangan
kung maliwanag ang gabi.
d. Ang mga kabataan kung maliwanag ang buwan ay nagtatakbuhan
sa lansangan at naglalaro.
Answer: C
3. Piliin ang gawi ng pagsasalita: Kasiyahan ko nang makitang
kayo’y nagmamahalan.
a. Pangarap
b. Pagkontrol ng kilos
c. Pagkuha ng impormasyon
d. Pagbabahagi ng damdamin
Answer: D
4. Ang kaugnayan ng pagkakapatay kina Burgos, Gomez at Zamora
sa panitikang Pilipino ay
a. Nanatiling masigla ang diwang Pilipino
b. Nakagising sa damdaming makabayan ng mga Pilipino
c. Natutong lumabag sa batas at lumaban sa may kapangyarihan ang
mga Pilipino
d. Naimpluwensyahan ang diwang alipin ng mga Pilipino
Answer: B
5. Laging UMUUKILKIL sa isipan ng ama ang nasirang pangako ng
a. Sumasagi
b. Gumugulo
c. Bumubuhay
d. Sumasapi
Answer: B
6. Ang Kagawaran ng Ugnayang Panlabas ng Pilipinas ay gulonggulo kapag may giyera sa ibang bansa. Ano ang unang
ginagampanan ng ambassador ng bansa?
a. Bilangin ang mga nasugatan at nasawi
b. Alamin ang mga tirahan ng mga Pilipino sa bayang iyon.
c. Ipunin ang mga maykaya at ipalipad pauwi.
d. Bayaang magsipag-uwian sa sariling sikap ang bawat isa
Answer: B
7. Ano ang pokus ng pandiwa sa pahayag na “Bumili ng bagong
sasakyan si Angelo”?
a. Pokus sa direksyon
b. Pokus sa kagamitan
c. Pokus sa sanhi
d. Pokus sa aktor
Answer: D
8. Kabaliwan at paglulustay ang inyong ginagawa taon-taon. Higit
na marami ang maralitang nangangailangan ng salapi at dunong.
Ang nagsasalita ay
a. Kuripot
b. Matipid
c. Maramot
d. Praktikal
Answer: D
9. Nasa anong kaganapan ng pandiwa ang pangungusap?
Naglaro ng basketball sa Rizal Stadium ang koponan ng aming
a. Sanhi
b. Tagaganap
c. Kagamitan
d. Ganapan
Answer: D
10, Sa aling salita magkakaroon ng saglit na paghinto kung
pinagpipilitang si Rose ang nakabasag ng pinggan?
Hindi si Rose ang nakabasag ng pinggan.
a. Rose
b. Hindi
c. Nakabasag
d. Pinggan
Answer: B
11. Anong tayutay ang tinutukoy sa pahayag.
Durog ang katawang bumagsak sa semento si Miguel.
a. Pagtutulad
b. Pagbibigay katauhan
c. Pagmamalabis
d. Pagwawangis
Answer: C
12. Sino ang pinagkalooban ng karangalan bilang “Unang Tunay na
Makata” noong 1708?
a. Jose dela Cruz
b. Felipe de Jesus
c. Francisco Balagtas
d. Jose Corazon de Jesus
Answer: B
13. “Magtatrabaho ako at ikaw ay mag-aaral upang makatapos ka
ng pag-aaral.” Anong uri ng pangungusap ito?
a. Payak
b. Tambalan
c. Hugnayan
d. Langkapan
Answer: D
14. Mag-aalas-singko na _____ umaga _____ magising siya.
a. ng – ng
b. nang – nang
c. ng – nang
d. nang – kapag
Answer: C
15. Ang butong tinangay ng aso, walang pagsalang nalawayan ito.
Ang kaisipang ito ay tumutukoy sa katotohanan ng ______.
a. Pagnanakaw
b. Pagtatanan
c. Pagpapakasal
d. Pakikipagkaibigan
Answer: B
16. Anong uri ng pagbigkas ang salitang “dambuhala”?
a. Malumi
b. Mabilis
c. Maragsa
d. Malumay
Answer: A
17. Ang katawagan sa pangngalan, pang-abay, pang-uri at pandiwa
a. Palabuuan
b. Pangkayarian
c. Pangnilalaman
d. Palaugnayan
Answer: C
18. Ang panukalang inihain niya ay lubhang malalim at mahirap
a. Abutin
b. Unawain
c. Sukatin
d. Tanggalin
Answer: B
19. Ang wikang Filipino ay hawig sa mga wika sa Asya. Alin dito ang
pinagmulan ng wikang Filipino?
a. Bahasa
c. Nihonggo
d. Mandarin
d. Malayo-Polinesyo
Answer: D
20. Ano ang katumbas ng “Dekalogo” ni Apolinario Mabini na
nagsasaad ng aral sa Filipino?
a. Mosaic Law
d. Code of Ethics ni Kalantiaw
c. New Society ni Pres. Marcos
d. Code of Citizenship ni Pres. Quezon
Answer: A
21. Siya ay hinirang na taga-sensus ng bahay-bahay. Ano ang
kanyang nalikom?
a. Ang bilang ng tao sa bahay
b. Ang kayamanan ng may-bahay
c. Ang datos tungkol sa mga bata sa bawat bahay
d. Ang datos tungkol sa mga naninirahan sa bawat bahay
Answer: D
22. Kami ang kabataang siyang magiging pag-asa ng bayan. Paano
ginamit ang salitang may salungguhit?
a. Pagtukoy
b. Pagpuri
c. Panghalip
d. Pagmamalaki
Answer: A
23. Walang tubig kahapon. Ito ay pangungusap na:
a. May paksa
b. Walang pandiwa
c. May panaguri
d. Walang paksa
Answer: D
24. Ipinagmamalaki mo siya, BAHAG naman pala ang kanyang
BUNTOT. Ang ibig sabihin ng salitang may malaking titik ay:
a. Kuripot
b. Traydor
c. Duwag
d. Mahiyain
Answer: C
25. Sabihin ang gawi ng pananalitang ito: “Bawal tumawid, may
namatay na dito!”
a. Pananakot
b. Pagtukoy
c. Babala
d. Paalala
Answer: C
26. Pinakamahalagang nobelang Pilipino sa maraming taon na
nalimbag noong 1906 at tumalakay nang masinsinan sa paksang
puhunan laban paggawa at sa sosyalismo ang _____.
a. Luha ng Buwaya
b. Banaag at Sikat
c. Ibong Mandaragit
d. Pangginggera
Answer: B
27. Ayon kay Balagtas, “ang laki sa layaw, karaniwa’y hubad” kaya
ang mga bata ay
a. jeproks
b. nag-aartista
c. nakapagtatapos sa pag-aaral
d. hindi sumusunod sa magulang
Answer: D
28. Noong taong 1962, ano ang pagbabago sa paglimbag ng diploma
at sertipiko ng pagtatapos?
a. Pinahihintutan ang pribadong paaralan na maglimbag sa wikang
b. Nilimbag sa Tagalog ang diploma sa di-Tagalog na bayan
c. Nilimbag sa Filipino ang diploma ngunit may Ingles
d. Nalimbag sa Filipino ang diploma
Answer: D
29. Ang gintong panahon ng mga manunulat noong panahon ng
Amerikano ay batid sa uring
a. Sanaysay
b. Nobela
c. Panulaan
d. Maikling kwento
Answer: D
30. Alin sa mga sumusunod ang may wastong gamit ng tinig ng
a. Ang hinog na papaya na kinuha sa puno ni Marie.
b. Kinuha ni Marie ang hinog na papaya sa puno.
c. Kinuha sa puno ang hinog na papaya ni Marie.
d. Papayang hinog ang kinuha sa puno ni Marie.
Answer: B
Below is the LET Reviewer for General Education GENED:
Mathematics Part 1. We encourage readers/ reviewees to use the
comment boxes after the article for discussion.
1. Two buses leave the same station at 8:00 pm. One bus travels
north at the rate of 30 kph and the other travels east at 40 kph. How
many kilometers apart are the buses at 10 pm?
a. 140 km
b. 100 km
c. 70 km
d. 50 km
Answer: B
2. Calculate the mean absolute deviation of the following numbers:
60, 80, 100, 75 and 95
a. 12.4
b. 14.2
c. 16.1
d. 18.9
Answer: A
3. Which of the following is the factorization of the binomial x2 42?
a. (x + 4)(x + 2)
b. (x – 4)2
c. x(x + 2x + 2)
d. (x – 4)(x + 4)
Answer: D
4. What value of x will satisfy the equation: 0.4(5x - 1470) = x?
a. 490
b. 2,130
c. 1470
Answer: D
5. Which of the following has the greatest value:
a. 3 + 32 + (3 + 3)2
b. 33
c. [(3 + 3)2]2
d. (3 + 3 + 3)2
Answer: C
6. The average of 5 different counting numbers is 20. What is the
highest possible value that one of the numbers can have?
a. 20
b. 40
c. 30
d. 90
Answer: D
7. Three brothers inherited a cash amount of P62,000 and they
divided it among themselves in the ratio of 5:4:1. How much more
is the largest share than the smallest share?
a. P75,000
b. P30,000
c. P24,800
Answer: C
8. What is the missing terms in the series 5, 20, 80, ___,1280, ___, 20,
a. 50;210
b. 40;160
c. 35;135
d. 320;5120
Answer: D
9. At what rate per annum should P2400 be invested so that it will
earn an interest of P800 in 8 years?
a. 6 ½ %
b. 5 ½ %
c. 4.17 %
d. 6 %
Answer: C
10. The area of a rectangle is (x2 + 2x - 8). If its length is x + 4, what
is its width?
a. x + 2
b. x - 2
c. x + 1
d. x + 6
Answer: B
11. What is the value of 12⅙ - 3 ⅜ - 5 ⅔ + 20 ¾?
a. 21 1/8
b. 22
c. 23 7/8
d. 21
Answer: C
12. The vertex angle of an isosceles triangle is 20°. What is the
measure of one of the base angles?
a. 150°
b. 60°
c. 75°
d. 80°
Answer: D
13. Ana and Beth do a job together in three hours. Working alone,
Ana does the job in 5 hours. How long will it take Beth to do the job
a. 3 and 1/3 hours
b. 2 and 1/3 hours
c. 3 hours
d. 7 and 1/2 hours
Answer: D
14. How much greater is the sum of the first 50 counting numbers
greater than the sum of the first 100 counting numbers?
a. 110
b. 3,775
c. 3,155
d. 1200
Answer: N
15. Which of the following has the largest value?
a. 85
b. 39
c. 65
d. 94
Answer: A
16. A water tank contains 18 liters when it is 20% full. How many
liters does it contain when 50% full?
a. 60
b. 30
c. 58
d. 45
Answer: D
17. The edges of a rectangular solid have these measures: 1.5 feet
by 1½ feet by 3 inches. What is its volume in cubic inches?
a. 324
b. 225
c. 972
d. 27
Answer: C
18. In a certain school, the ratio of boys to girls is 5 is to 7. If there
are 180 boys and girls in the school, how many boys are there?
a. 105
b. 90
c. 45
d. 75
Answer: D
19. Ruben’s grades in 6 subjects are 88, 90, 97, 90, 91 and 86? What
is the least grade that he should aim for in the 7th subject if he has
to have an average of 88?
a. 92
b. 74
c. 88
d. 85
Answer: B
20. On a certain day, three computer technicians took turns in
manning a 24-hour internet shop. The number of hours Cesar, Bert,
and Danny were on duty was in the ratio 3:4:5, respectively. The
shop owner pays them P50 per hour. How much would Danny
receive for that day?
a. P 230
b. P500
c. P160
d. P480
Answer: B
21. A retailer buys candies for P90.25. The pack has 35 pieces of
candies. If she sells each candy for P2.25, how much profit does she
a. P11.50
b. P56.25
c. P37.50
d. P18.75
22. An online shop sells a certain calculator for P950 and charges
P150 for shipping within Manila, regardless of the number of
calculators ordered. Which of the following equations shows the
total cost (y) of an order as a function of the number of
calculators ordered (x)?
a. y = (950 + 150)x
b. y = 150x +950
c. x = 950y + 150
d. y = 950x + 150
Answer: D
23. One side of a 45° - 45° - 90° triangle measures x cm. What is the
length of its hypotenuse?
a. X √3 cm
b. X cm
c. (X √3)/2 cm
d. X √2 cm
Answer: D
24. The legs of one right triangle are 9 and 12, while those of
another right triangle are 12 and 16. How much longer is the
perimeter of the larger triangle than the perimeter of the smaller
a. 84
b. 7
c. 12
d. 14
Answer: C
25. Determine the midpoint of the line segment joining the points
(7, -3) and (-1, 6).
a. (2, 3/2)
b. (2, -3/2)
c. (3, 3/2)
d. (1, 5/2)
Answer: C
26. Which of these has the longest perimeter?
a. A square 21 cm on a side
b. A rectangle 19 cm long and 24 cm wide
c. An equilateral triangle whose side is 28 cm
d. A right triangle whose two legs are 24 and 32 cm
Answer: D
27. How many square inches are in 2 square yard?
a. 900
b. 144
c. 1296
d. 2,592
Answer: D
28. In a playground for Kindergarten kids, 18 children are riding
tricycles or bicycles. If there are 43 wheels in all, how many
tricycles are there?
a. 8
b. 9
c. 7
d. 11
Answer: C
29. Nelia takes ¾ hour to dress and get ready for school. It takes
4/5 hour to reach the school. If her class starts promptly at 8:00
am; what is the latest time she can jump out of bed in order not to
be late for school?
a. 6:42 am
b. 6:27 am
c. 6:57 am
d. 7:02 am
Answer: B
30. Which common fraction is equivalent to 0.215?
a. 43/200
b. 27/125
c. 21/50
d. 108/375
Answer: A
Below is the LET Reviewer for General Education GENED: Science
Part 1. We encourage readers/ reviewees to use the comment boxes
after the article for discussion.
1. Which of the following statements best describes a hypothetical
element with an electron configuration of 1s22s22p63s23p5?
a. The hypothetical element has an atomic number of 11.
b. The hypothetical element is a member of Group V, otherwise
called the Nitrogen Group.
c. The hypothetical element is in the fifth position in the p-block,
along the third period of the periodic table.
d. The hypothetical element is located at the third position of the pblock, along the fifth period of the periodic table.
Answer: C
2. Despite the observed diversity among organisms, they are all
made from the same set of biomolecules composed of monomeric
units except:
a. Proteins
b. Carbohydrates
c. Nucleic Acids
d. Lipids and Fats
Answer: D
3. What will be formed when radium isotope, with 88 protons and
138 neutrons undergoes alpha decay?
a. Radon Atom (Rn222) with 86 Protons
b. Francium Atom (Fr222) with 87 Protons
c. Actinium Atom (Ac222) with 89 Protons
d. Thorium Atom (Th232) with 90 Protons
Answer: A
4. Which of the following examples best illustrates application of
Boyle’s Law?
a. A tire becomes harder as more air is pumped into it.
b. A sealed aerosol can explodes when thrown into a fire.
c. A balloon expands and bursts when exposed to direct sunlight.
d. A scuba divers stops at certain depths as he ascends to the
ocean’s surface.
Answer: D
5. Three liquids A, B, C were studied in a laboratory. Liquid A was
found to float over B and C. It was also found that liquid A flows
fastest among the three. What can be said about liquid A?
a. Densest and most viscous
b. Densest and least viscous
c. Least dense and most viscous
d. Least dense and least viscous
Answer: D
6. Which of the following statements represents a physical change?
a. An antacid tablet forms bubbles when dissolved in water.
b. A flashlight beam slowly gets dimmer and finally dies out over
c. The lawn grows thicker every day because fertilizers were added
into the soil.
d. Frozen mango juice melted when left standing at room
temperature for 30 minutes.
Answer: D
7. Which of the following best explains why farmers burn rice straw
and hull during seasons of harvest?
a. Burning rice hulls and straws produce compounds that act as
repellant for pests which may damage plantation.
b. The smoke produced by burning rice hulls and straws stimulate
growth and fruit bearing of trees.
c. Rice hulls and straws are burned so that more spaces will be
available for planting next set of crops.
d. Ash from burnt rice hulls and straws are rich in compounds that
could neutralize acidic soil so that more crops will grow
8. Acid rain occurs when ____________.
Answer: D
8. Acid rain occurs when _________.
a. carbon dioxide combines with water in the atmosphere.
b. phosphorus-rich water in lakes evaporates to form phosphoric
c. sulfur released in burning fossil fuels combines with water in the
d. excess hydrogen is released into the atmosphere to produce
Answer: C
9. Why is it difficult to integrate nitrogen gas from the atmosphere
into the nitrogen cycle of the biosphere?
a. Nitrogen is very abundant in the atmosphere
b. Living organisms quickly absorb nitrogen gas
c. Oceans quickly absorb nitrogen gas
d. Few organisms can directly utilize atmospheric nitrogen
Answer: D
10. Which of the following sentences about greenhouse effect is
a. Greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere which are
returned to the earth’s surface.
b. Greenhouse effect is important in maintaining the temperature of
the earth.
c. Greenhouse effect is due to gases that absorb the green region of
light from the sun.
d. Greenhouse effect increases the overall surface temperature of
the earth.
Answer: C
11. When a gardener propagates a plant by taking cuttings, he
plants his cutting in a well-watered soil in a plant pot. What is the
most likely reason why he may then cover the plant and pot with a
lightly perforated polythene bag?
a. To reduce the water demand of the cutting.
b. To decrease the rate of gaseous exchange by the plant.
c. To reduce the chance of attack by pests.
d. To protect the plant from cold weather.
Answer: A
12. It is a common observation that mushrooms thrive few days
after lightning strikes. Which among the following biogeochemical
cycles is involved in this process?
a. Nitrogen cycle
b. Carbon-Oxygen cycle
c. Phosphorus cycle
d. Sulfur cycle
Answer: A
13. Which of the following factors contribute to an increase in
human population?
I. Immigration II. Emigration
III. Natality IV. Mortality
a. III and IV
b. II and III
c. I only
d. I and III
Answer: D
14. Shown below is a simple food web in a grassy community. The
arrow symbol means eaten by. What would happen if all snakes are
a. Grass population would increase.
b. Grasshopper population would increase.
c. Bird and frog populations would increase.
d. Grasshopper and bird populations would increase.
Answer: C
15. Which of the following shows mechanical weathering of rocks?
a. formation of caverns
b. acids dissolves rocks
c. freezing water between rock particles
d. iron in rocks combine with oxygen
Answer: C
16. PAGASA announces the approach of the seasonal winds. The
familiar names used are Amihan and Habagat, internationally
known as ________ and ________ respectively.
a. Northeast and southwest
b. Trade wind and easterlies
c. Southwest and northeast
d. Westerlies and easterlies
Answer: A
17. Fog is a cloud with its base at or very near the ground. The
formation of fog generally occurs after the ground has lost heat by:
a. Evaporation
b. Convection
c. Conduction
d. Radiation
Answer: D
18. Why do we see the sun rise in the east?
a. The earth revolves eastward.
b. The earth rotates from west to east.
c. We are located in the 20th meridian.
d. On the globe, we are located in the east.
Answer: B
19. If a voltage of 100 volts produces a current of 5 amperes in an
electrical device, what is the resistance?
a. 95 Ohms
b. 20 Ohms
c. 105 Ohms
d. 500 Ohms
Answer: B
20. Which of the following best differentiates an earthquake's
intensity from its magnitude?
a. Intensity describes 'the depth from which the earthquake
originated’ while magnitude refers to ‘the energy of the
b. Intensity cannot be measured while magnitude can be measured
using a seismograph.
c. Intensity refers to the strength of the quake while magnitude
refers to the degree of destruction it caused at the epicenter.
d. Intensity is a measure of how much damage an earthquake cause
at the surface while magnitude is the strength of the quake.
Answer: D
21. Comparing the speed of sound in liquids, gases, and solids, the
speed of sound is usually lowest in ____ and highest in ____.
a. solids, gases
b. gases, liquids
c. liquids, solids
d. gases, solids
Answer: D
22. Which has a greater density, a lake full of water or a cupful of
a. The cup full of water
b. The lake full of water
c. Not enough information
d. They have the same density
Answer: D
23. A stainless steel spoon feels colder than a plastic spoon because
stainless steel
a. absorbs less heat from the hand than plastic does
b. is really colder than plastic
c. has a lower temperature than plastic
d. conducts heat away from the hand faster than plastic does
Answer: D
24. Why is it NOT advisable to repeatedly open the door of a
a. It will loosen the hinges of the refrigerator's door
b. Leads to wastage in electrical energy.
c. Repeated opening introduces bacteria in to the refrigerator.
d. The warm air outside lowers the temperature inside thus making
the refrigeration less-efficient.
Answer: B
25. What kind of mirror is used in cars to give the driver a wider
area and smaller image of the traffic behind him/her?
a. Double concave
b. Convex
c. Plane
d. Concave
Answer: B
26. Why do we hear thunder some seconds after seeing lightning?
a. Light appears brighter in the sky.
b. Light travels faster than sound.
c. Sound travels 1.331 m/s
d. Sound is released later actually
Answer: B
27. Water has a higher specific heat than iron. What does this
a. Water is hotter than iron
b. Water heats more rapidly than iron
c. Water is more dense than iron
d. Water heats more slowly than iron
Answer: D
28. If a colorblind man marries a woman who has normal vision and
no history of the disease, it is most probable that all of their :
a. daughters will be carriers
b. daughters will be colorblind
c. sons will be carriers
d. sons will be colorblind
Answer: A
29. Albino corn seedlings may grow several inches tall. However,
they will eventually die, primarily because
a. direct sunlight will destroy their cells
b. they lack adequate root system
c. they cannot produce their own food
d. they cannot obtain carbon dioxide
Answer: C
30. Mimosa pudica, locally known as Makahiya is called as such
because its leaflets tend to close when touched. This organismal
response to a given stimuli is called:
a. Hydrotropism
c. Geotropism
d. Phototropism
Answer: B
Below is the LET Reviewer for General Education GENED: Social
Science Part 1. We encourage readers/ reviewees to use the
comment boxes after the article for discussion.
1. What factor was a major cause of both World War I and World
War II?
a. The spread of Marxian ideas into Europe
b. The dropping of atomic bombs
c. Nationalism and national borders
d. The rise of totalitarian fascist states
Answer: D
2. In which organization is the Philippines a member to fight
communist aggression?
b. ASA
c. UN
Answer: D
3. The theory that population increases by geometrical ratio while
the means of subsistence increases by arithmetical ratio is
attributed to?
a. Karl Marx
b. Robert Malthus
c. Emile Durkheim
d. Aristotle
Answer: B
4. In what instance is the Filipino double-standard morality shown?
a. A couple brings their sick child to the doctor then later to the
b. Young parents bring up their children in a manner different from
how they were brought up
c. Illiterate parents are eager to send their children to school even if
they themselves did not go to school
d. A married man who flirts with someone else other than his wife
seems acceptable but a married woman who flirts with another
man is condemned.
Answer: D
5. Which part of Asia does the Arabian peninsula occupy?
a. Northwest
b. Southeast
c. Southwest
d. Northeast
Answer: C
6. The important factors which have contributed to the weakness in
the internalization of desirable values is the?
a. Lack of models among the very people expected to exemplify
these values
b. Use of approaches which are mainly cognitive rather than
c. Lack of follow up systems from one grade level to another
d. Minimum recognition and appreciation given to teachers
Answer: A
7. To govern is to rule and the government rules by laws. Whose
main duty is the enforcement of laws?
a. Police department
b. Judiciary department
c. Legislative department
d. Executive department
Answer: D
8. The term that refers to the class of Filipinos who were free and
a. Timawa
b. Maharlika
c. Aliping namamahay
d. Aliping saguiguilid
Answer: A
9. The Spanish expedition responsible for naming the archipelago
a. Magellan’s expedition
b. Loarca expedition
c. Legaspi expedition
d. Villalobos expedition
Answer: D
10. The third and last military governor of the Philippines was
a. Gen. Wesley Merritt
b. Gen. Elwell Otis
c. Gen. Arthur MacArthur
d. Gen. Douglas MacArthur
Answer: C
11. Which Katipunan member commuted from Cavite to Manila to
buy materials used to make ammunitions?
a. Teresa Magbanua
b. Agueda Esteban
c. Teodora Alonso
d. Trinidad Tecson
Answer: B
12.Which economic system is based on free enterprise?
a. Globalism
b. Mixed economies
c. Capitalism
d. Communism
Answer: C
13. How is the so-called colonial mentality manifested?
a. Cultural relativism
b. Cultural diversity
c. Xenocentrism
d. Ethnocentrism
Answer: C
14. Which is a safeguard against unfair trade practices like shortweighing?
a. Total Quality Movement
b. Consumerism
c. Consumer vigilance
d. Substandardization
Answer: C
15. If the seven continents were arranged from largest to smallest,
in which order does Australia fall?
a. 4th
b. 5th
c. 6th
8. 7th
Answer: D
16. In which continent can we find stormy Cape Horn which is
known as the graveyard of ships and sailors?
a. Africa
b. Australia
c. South America
d. Asia
Answer: C
17. Which led to the creation of Pakistan as a nation in 1947?
Religious differences between
a. Hindus and Christians
b. Christians and Muslims
c. Hindus and Buddhists
d. Hindus and Muslims
Answer: D
18. Which is common to Sun Yat Sen and Mahatma Gandhi?
a. Promoted a society ruled by religious leaders
b. Rejected violence as a way to political power
c. Led a successful nationalistic movement in their respective
d. Supported Marxist philosophy to change existing governments
Answer: B
19. Nebuchadnezzar was to the Babylonian Empire as Asoka was to
the ______ Empire.
a. Roman
b. Gupta
c. Greek
d. Maurya
Answer: D
20. With the opposition of the parity rights in mind, who does NOT
belong to the group?
a. Claro M. Recto
b. Jose Laurel
c. Manuel Roxas
d. Pedro Taruc
Answer: C
21. When the Filipino reformists asked for the assimilation of the
Philippines by Spain, what did they ask for? For the Philippines to
a. Become independent from Spain
b. Become a province of Spain
c. Be independent from Spain with certain conditions
d. Be represented in the Spanish Cortes
Answer: B
22. Who among the Presidents changed the date of our celebration
of Independence day from July 4 to June 12?
a. Ramon Magsaysay
b. Diosdado Macapagal
c. Carlos Garcia
d. Ferdinand Marcos
Answer: B
23. In which country did the Philippines participate in the world’s
peacekeeping operations by sending doctors, nurses, soldiers and
a. Israel
b. East Timor
c. Iraq
d. Iran
Answer: C
24. In which poem did Rizal write about offering one’s life for one’s
a. A La Juventud Filipina
b. Song of Maria Clara
c. Sa Aking mga Kabata
d. Mi Ultimo Adios
Answer: D
25. As an effect of our geography, in which of the following island/s
do people travel mostly by water?
a. Luzon
b. Mindanao
c. Visayas
d. Visayas and Mindanao
Answer: C
26. As an insular country, to which principle does the Philippines
adhere when it comes to territorial boundary?
a. Two hundred nautical miles of the country’s coast
b. Three hundred fifty nautical miles from shore
c. Three-mile territorial limit
d. Archipelagic doctrine
Answer: D
27. Which part/s of the Visayas has/have comparatively more
excessively moist climate and limited arable lands?
a. Western
b. Eastern
c. Eastern and Central
d. Central and Western
Answer: B
28. Which follows Pres. Garcia’s “Filipino First Policy”? Filipinos
a. Should buy and consume Filipino products only
b. Should not contribute to the brain drain problem
c. Should be selective in the entry in the entry of foreign
professionals in the country
d. Were to be given first preference in all matters related to the
economic development of the country
Answer: D
29. Aside from the Philippines, which countries claim part of the
Spratly islands in the South China Sea?
a. China, Thailand, Brunei, Malaysia
b. China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia
c. Indonesia, China, Taiwan, Malaysia
d. China, Thailand, Brunei, Malaysia
Answer: B
30. The following are our constitutional rights EXCEPT to
a. Free access to legal assistance which shall not be denied due to
b. Have access to all records of the government
c. Be presumed innocent until proven guilty
d. Form association and labor unions
Answer: B
Below is the LET Reviewer for General Education GENED:
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Part 1. We
encourage readers/ reviewees to use the comment boxes after the
article for discussion.
1. Which of the following is not a benefit of technology in
a. Improves critical-thinking abilities.
b. Unlimited access to games and other internet sites.
c. Allows cooperative learning.
d. Increases self-expression.
Answer: B
2. Which situation shows that technology can be used to motivate
students to learn?
a. Teacher Eric employs educational games related to the lesson
they are taking.
b. Miss Cleo designs lessons which use cooperative learning with
technology integration.
c. Mr. Jimmy utilizes computer assisted instruction programs so
that students will learn at their own pace.
d. Teacher Sarah assigns projects to her class where self-expression
and creativity is acknowledged.
Answer: A
3. He is considered as the “Father of Modern Media in Education”.
a. Jean Piaget
b. Robert Gagne
c. B.F. Skinner
d. Edgar Dale
Answer: D
4. It is a term to denote a whole range of technologies associated
with processing information and with sending and receiving
a. Educational Technology
b. Information and Communication Technology
c. Media Technology
d. Instructional Systems Design
Answer: B
5. A methodology widely used for developing new training
a. Microsoft
b. World Wide Web
c. Instructional Systems Design
d. Computer Technology
Answer: C
6. This is considered to be the first manual data processing device
developed in China in the 12th century A.D.
a. Hieroglyphics
b. Papyrus
c. Printing Press
d. Abacus
Answer: D
7. He is considered to be the “Father of Computing” because of his
contributions to the basic design of computer.
a. John Napier
b. William Oughtred
c. Blaise Pascal
d. Charles Babbage
Answer: D
8. Which is the standard input device that accepts letters, numbers
and commands from the user?
a. Trackpad
b. Lightpen
c. Mouse
d. Keyboard
Answer: D
9. Mr. Rico carefully studies the materials he acquired from the
internet. He always examines if the author is qualified to present
the material. This practice is?
a. necessary to ensure that the materials are reliable.
b. unethical because he does not trust the author.
c. unnecessary because all resources from the internet are
d. just a waste of time.
Answer: A
10. When a teacher asks the consistency of a material taken from
the internet with other available materials, he/she is concerned
with its?
a. relevance
b. accuracy
c. coverage
d. currency
Answer: B
50 Items with Answer
1. Which of the following would be the most fitting action of a teacher
who is having a relationship with his/her student?
a. Deny the relationship.
b. Enjoy the relationship while it lasts.
c. Defer the relationship until they are ready to admit it.
d. Continue the relationship and exercise utmost professional discretion
about this.
2. Ms. de Leon is a sickly teacher. She gets to school even late and not
feeling well. What provision in R.A. 7836 does she violates?
a. Teachers must be devoted, honest and punctual in performing their
b. Teachers should be physical, mentally and morally fit to teach.
c. Teachers should manifest genuine enthusiasm and pride in teaching
as a noble profession.
d. All of the above
3. "Education is a continuous process of experiencing and of visiting or
reorganizing experiences" according to a Progressivist. What does it
a. Education begins and ends in school.
b. Education takes place anytime and anywhere.
c. Education happens formally and informally.
d. Education goes on throughout life.
4. If you have a foreign visitor, what would be the best gift to buy?
a. Imported antiques
b. Expensive Buddha figurines
c. Porcelain wares
d. Embroidered products from Quezon province
5. Which of the following would manifest best the Teacher-Student
a. Teacher to inflict corporal punishment to offending student upon the
approval of parents.
b. Teacher to inflict corporal punishment on offending student secretly.
c. Teacher to inflict corporal punishment to offending student at all
d. Teacher to inflict no corporal punishment on offending student at all
6) Which of the following is a characteristic of a Pragmatist Teacher?
a. Equipping the learners with the basic abilities and skills.
b. Providing the learners with the opportunities to apply theories and
c. Requiring the learners the full mastery of the lessons.
d. Encourage the learners to memorize factual knowledge.
7) In line with the philosophy of Reconstructivism, which of the
following should be given emphasis in teaching?
a. To seek for a better position in the society.
b. To compare oneself with the less fortunate.
c. To become economically self-reliant.
d. To designate one's superiority over the others.
8) One of the responsibilities of school administrators and faculty
members is to communicate and cooperate harmoniously with the
community. Which of the following attributes best applies to this
a. Interfacing
b. Alignment
c. Partnership
d. Kinship
9) This principle was violated when Teacher Rey talked badly about the
new school principal in front of his students by telling them that the
new principal is incompetent and arrogant.
a. Respect for authority
b. Fidelity
c. Loyalty
d. Confidentiality
10) Which of the following is an integral part of the teaching process?
a. Teacher and principal
b. Lesson plan
c. Classroom management
d. Rubrics
11) Which of the following is the Fundamental Moral Principle?
a. Stealing is wrong.
b. Health is wealth.
c. Do good and avoid evil.
d. Cheating is immoral.
12) "Moral example has greater effect on pupils' discipline than laws
and punishment" is an advice for teachers from ________.
a. Confucius
b. Mohammed
c. Lao Tzu
d. Plato
13) According to Max Scheler's Hierarchy of Values, ________ is the
highest form of values.
a. Pleasure values
b. Vital values
c. Spiritual values
d. Values of the Holy.
14) Which of the following prepositions is attributed to Plato?
a. Truth is relative to a particular time and place.
b. Human beings create their own truth.
c. Learning is the discovery of truth as latent ideas are brought to
d. Sense perception is the most accurate guide to knowledge.
15) If reality is politically socially and economically formed, this
philosophy is being followed:
a. Essentialism
b. Existentialism
c. Progressivism
d. Pragmatism
16) In Piaget's concrete operational stage, a teacher should provide
a. Activities for hypothesis formulation.
b. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and order.
c. Activities for evaluation purposes.
d. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with.
17) A grade 1 pupil likes to play with his friends, but gets angry when
defeated. Piaget's theory states that this pupil is under what
development stage?
a. Concrete-operational stage
b. Sensorimotor stage
c. Formal-operational stage
d. Pre-operational stage
18) Fear of something that was caused by a painful experience in the
past is an example of?
a. Insight
b. Classical conditioning
c. Operant conditioning
d. Imitation
19) A teacher rewards a child for doing things correctly. This technique
is called:
a. Conditioning
b. Fading
c. Chaining
d. Reinforcement
20) A person who is friendly and has a capacity to make people laugh
a. Naturalistic intelligence
b. Spatial intelligence
c. Intrapersonal intelligence
d. Interpersonal intelligence
21) A student with Attention Deficit Disorder exhibits:
a. Care for his/her personal things
b. Impatient while waiting for his/her turn during games
c. Completes work before shifting to another
d. Excessively quiet
22) A child treats his friends highly aggressive. The reason behind this
attitude is his past experiences with his father who is also highly
aggressive. This is demonstrated on what theory?
a. Social cognitive theory
b. Cognitive developmental theory
c. Operant conditioning
d. Classical conditioning
23) Based on Jung's psychological theory, a child who is shy and prefers
to be alone falls under what classification?
a. Extrovert
b. Ambivert
c. Paranoid
d. Introvert
24) ________ puts emphasis on the importance of sensitive periods in
a. Ecological theory
b. Social Cognitive theory
c. Psychoanalytic theory
d. Ethnological theory
25) Contrary to Freud's concept that the primary motivation of human
behavior is sexual in nature, Erikson's is ________ in nature.
a. Social
b. Cultural
c. Physical
d. Biological
26) ________ is described by Freud as the component/s of personality
that is concerned with the idea of right and wrong.
a. Superego
b. Superego and ego
c. Id
d. Ego
27) What idea about age is NOT right?
a. Chronological age is different from biological and psychological age.
b. Chronological age, biological age, psychological age and social age are
c. Psychological age and social age are two different things.
d. Chronological age is the same as biological and psychological age.
28) ________ reflects the teacher's understanding of development as
results of maturation and learning.
a. Patience when dealing with the slower ones.
b. Creativity with classroom strategies or task.
c. Fairness when giving grades or school marks.
d. Cheerfulness and enthusiasm when discussing.
29) ________ is Erikson's, Piaget's and Freud's thought about play.
a. Contribute to the child's mastery of his physical and social
b. Makes a child's life enjoyable that he will tend to hate school life later.
c. Prepares a child for an excellent academic performance in formal
d. Develops the child's highly competitive attitude because of the nature
of play.
30) A student has been staring at a puzzle. He is figuring out how to
solve it and suddenly, an idea flashed in the student's mind and
excitedly he was able to learn how to solve the puzzle. This exemplifies
a. Metacognition
b. Insight learning
c. Analytical learning
d. Trial and error learning
31) A teacher attempting to develop a student's metacognitive skills
teaches the student to:
a. Recall past lesson
b. Visualize
c. Formulate hypothesis
d. Think about their thinking
32) An adolescent exhibits what common characteristics?
a. Reasonable and secure
b. Feels intense emotions and sense of disequilibrium
c. Slow but steady physical secure
d. Passive and obedient
33) Instincts are under what mental dimension?
a. Ego and Superego
b. Ego
c. Id
d. Superego
34) A child cannot do ________, according to Piaget's concrete operational
a. Doing mentally what was just physically done.
b. Reasoning applied to specific example.
c. Classifying objects into different sets.
d. Imagining the steps necessary to complete an algebraic expressions.
35) What should teachers teach students to eradicate bullying among
kids in school?
a. Full development of talents
b. Athletic skills
c. Respect for the dignity of persons
d. Full development of physical power
36) Education is the acquisition of the art and the utilization of
knowledge. This statement means:
a. A learner's application of what she has learned is necessary.
b. A learner's interest in art is commendable.
c. A learner's acquisition of information is sufficient.
d. A learner's acquisition of information is not important.
37) Student's initiative is stifles by:
a. Rationalism
b. Extreme authoritarianism
c. "Utang na loob"
d. "Bahala na"
38) A piece of music may sound sad, but when each note is played, there
is nothing sad about it. This is based on the doctrine that says:
a. The whole experience is equal to the sum of its parts.
b. The whole experience is more than the sum of its parts.
c. The whole experience is less than the sum of its parts.
d. The whole experience is not in any way related to the sum of its parts.
39) Which among the words below does NOT prevent the emergence of
truth which the learners and teachers are in search of?
a. Mindset
b. Mask
c. Open mind
d. Defense
40) What a teacher should do if students are misbehaving in class?
a. Send the misbehaving pupils to the guidance counselor.
b. Involve the whole class in setting rules of conduct in the whole class.
c. Make a report to the parents about their children's misbehavior.
d. Set the rules for the class to observe.
41) What is an inappropriate method in teaching young children?
a. Individual difference are expected and accepted
b. Integrated teaching-learning
c. Isolated skill development
d. Positive guidance techniques
42) If a teacher believes that a child's mind is TABULA RASA, then the
teacher will most likely engage the students in ________ process for them
to learn.
a. Sensory impressions
b. Reasoning
c. Reflections
d. Metacognition
43) A child received a candy after correctly completing his task. The
child always tries to complete all tasks correctly for him to have a candy
once again. What is being shown in the situation?
a. Associative learning
b. Classical conditioning
c. Operant conditioning
d. Pavlovian conditioning
44) A child learns by association and by insights. This states that the
association and cognitive theories of learning are:
a. Diametrically opposed
b. Complementary
c. Partly wrong
d. Partly correct
45) Emotion's role on success and happiness is highlighted by Daniel
Goleman's theory on emotional intelligence. How can the teacher best
show empathy in the case of fighting students?
a. Reprimand the students so that other will not follow the misbehavior.
b. Tell the students to stop fighting so that there will be peace in the
c. Make them realize how fighting negatively affects themselves and
d. Establish roles and responsibilities to avoid arguments among them.
46) The television program BATIBOT was developed because:
a. Children learn by conditioning.
b. Children learn by discovery.
c. Children learn by trial and error.
d. Children learn by observing and imitating.
47) Comprehension skills comprises the following, EXCEPT for:
a. Finding the main idea
b. Recreational reading
c. Sequencing events chronologically
d. Reading critically
48) Who was responsible for stating that modeling is essential in
a. Bandura
b. Bruner
c. Skinner
d. Thorndlike
49) To make her students participate more often during class
discussions, teacher Chai believes that she can apply Operant
Conditioning by way of:
a. Giving more incentives to her students, such as additional grades and
small tokens.
b. Emphasizing group sharing and guiding them in thinking critically
and innovatively.
c. Instilling metacognition in them through modeling.
d. Letting them reflect on how they think about their subjects.
50) "Porma" over substance is evident in students in one of these
a. Dolly submitted his comprehensive written report to Mrs. Topacio
even if it was slightly soiled with tomato ketchup.
b. Harvey submitted his written report on time to Mrs. Francisco even if
it reeked of the cigarette she smoked before class.
c. Joel submitted his written report to Mrs. Cantiveros a week in
d. Olivia submitted her poorly written report, which was printed on
perfumed stationery to her English teacher, Mrs. Estrada.
1. D 2. B
3. D
4. D
10. C
19. D
28. A
37. B
46. D
6. B
7. C
8. C
12. A
13. D
14. C
15. C
16. B
17. D
20. D
21. B
22. A
23. D
24. C
25. A
26. A
29. A
30. B
31. D
32. B
33. C
34. D
35. C
38. D
39. C
40. B
41. C
42. C
43. C
44. B
47. B
48. A
49. A
50. A
1. Which does Naom Chomsky assert about language learning for
Young children learn and apply grammatical rules and
vocabulary as they are exposed to them.
Begin formal teaching of grammatical rules to children as
early as possible.
Do not require initial formal language teaching for children.
A. I and III
B. II only
C. I only
D. I and II
2. Which is/are the sources of man’s intellectual drives, according to
A. Id
C. Id -ego
B. Super ego
D. Ego
3. Theft of school equipment like TV, computer, etc. by teenagers in the
community itself is becoming a common phenomenon. What does this
incident signify?
A. Prevalence of poverty in the community.
B. Inability of school to hire security guards.
C. Deprivation of Filipino schools.
D. Community’s lack of sense of co-ownership.
5. D
11. C
9. A
As a teacher, you are reconstructionist, Which among these will be
your guiding principle?
A. I must teach the child every knowledge, skills and value that he
needs for a better future.
B. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven.
D. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of
unpleasant consequences will be weakened and will be more likely to
be repeated in the future. Which one is explained
A. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory
B. Thorndike’s law effect
C. B.F. Skinner’s Operant conditioning theory
D. D. Bandura’s social learning theory
The concepts of Trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame & self-doubt,
and initiative vs. guilt are most closely related with works of _____.
A. Erickson C. Freud
B. Piaget
D. Jung
Student Z does not study at all but when the Licensure Examination
for Teachers comes, before he takes the LET, he spends one hour or
more praying for a miracle, i.e., to pass the examination. Which
attitude towards religion or God is displayed?
A. Religion as fake C. Religion as authentic
B. Religion as magic D. Religion as real
Principal B tells her teachers that training in the humanities is most
important. To which educational philosophy does he adhere?
A. Existentialism
C. Progressivism
B. Perennialism
D. Essentialism
13. All subject in Philippine elementary and secondary schools are expected
to be taught using the integrated approach. This came about as a result
of implementation of ___________.
A. Program for Decentralized Education
B. School-Based Management
C. Basic Education Curriculum
D. D. Schools First Initiative
Teacher B engages her students with information for thorough
understanding, for meaning and for competent application. Which
principle governs Teacher B’s practice?
A. Constructivist
C. Behaviorist
B. Gestalt
D. Cognitivist
14. Principal C shares this thought with the teachers: Subject matter should
help students understand and appreciate themselves as unique
individual who accept complete responsibility for their thoughts,
feelings and actions. “ From which philosophy is this thought based?
A. Perennialism C. Existentialism
B. Essentialism D. Progressivism
Student B claims: “I cannot see perfection but I long for it. So it must
be real. “under which group can he be classified?
A. Idealist
C. Realist
B. Empiricist
D. Pragmatist
What does extreme authoritarianism in the home reinforce in
A. Doing things on their own initiative
B. Ability to direct themselves
C. Dependence on others for directions.
D. Creativity in work.
15. Based on Piaget’s theory, what should a teacher provide for children in
the concrete operational stage?
A. Activities for hypothesis formulation.
B. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and
C. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skills.
D. Stimulating environment with ample objectives to play with.
You arrive at knowledge by re-thinking of latent ideas. From whom
does this thought come?
A. Experimentalist C. Idealist
B. Realist
D. Existentialist
16. To come closer to the truth we need to “go back to the things
themselves.” This is the advice of the ______.
A. Behavioris
C. idealist
B. phenomenologists
D. pragmatists
Behavior followed by pleasant consequences will be strengthened
and will be more likely to occur in the future. Behavior followed by
Researches conducted show that teacher’s expectations of students
become self-fulfilling prophecies. What is this phenomenon called?
A. Halo effect
B. Pygmalion effect
C. Ripple effect
D. Hawthorne effect
24. Under which program were students who were not accommodated in
public elementary and secondary schools because of lack of classroom,
teachers, and instructional materials, were enrolled in private schools
in their respective communities at the government’s expense?
A. Government Assistance Program
B. Study Now-Pay later
C. Educational Service Contract System
D. National Scholarship Program
Teacher F is convinced that whatever a student performs a desired
behavior, provided reinforcement and soon the student will learn to
perform the behavior on his own. On which principle is Teacher F’s
conviction based?
A. Cognitivism
C. Behaviorism
B. Environmentalism D. Constructivism
19. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good.
Teacher’s teaching is against what philosophy?
A. Realism
C. Epicureanism
B. Hedonism
D. Empiricism
25. Which of the following prepositions is attributed to Plato?
A. Truth is relative to a particular time and place.
B. Human beings create their own truths.
C. Learning is the discovery of truth as latent ideas are brought to
D. Sense perception is the most accurate guide to knowledge.
20. Studies in the areas of neurosciences discloses that the human brain
has limitless capacity. What does this imply
A. Some pupils are admittedly not capable of learning.
B. Every pupil has his own native ability and his learning is limited to
this native ability.
C. Every child is a potential genius.
D. Pupil can possibly reach a point where they have learned
26. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was made to drink an alcoholic
beverage and then made to ingest a drug that produces nausea.
Eventually, h nauseated at he sight and smell of alcohol and stopped
drinking alcohol. Which theory explains this?
A. Operant conditioning C. Associative learning
B. Social learning theory D. Attribution theory
21. Availment of the Philippine Education Placement Test for adults and
out-of-school youths is in support of the government’s educational
program towards _____.
A. equitable access C. quality and relevance
B. quality
D. relevance
27. In a social studies class, Teacher I present a morally ambiguous
situation and asks his students what they would do. On whose theory
is Teacher I’s technique based
A. Kohlberg
C. Piaget
B. Bandura
D. Bruner
28. Quiz to formative test while periodic is to _________.
A.criterion-reference test C. norm-reference test
B. summative test
D. diagnostic test
A mother gives his boy his favorite snack every time the boy cleans up
his room. Afterwards, the boy cleaned his room everyday in
anticipation of the snack. Which theory is illustrated?
A. Associative learning
B. Classical conditioning
C. Operant conditioning
D. Pavlonian conditioning
29. Your teacher is of the opinion that the world and everything in it are
ever changing and so you the skill to cope with change. What is his
governing philosophy?
A. Idealism
C. Experimentalism
B. Existentialism
D. Realism
23. Which group of philosophers maintain the “truth exists in an objective
order that is independent of the knower”?
A. Idealists
C. Existentialists
B. Pragmatists D. Realists
30. The search for related literature by accessing several data bases by the
use of a telephone line to connect a computer that have database is
termed ______.
A. compact disc search
C. on-line search
B. manual search
D. computer search
31. In which competency do my students find the greater difficulty? In
item with a difficulty index of
A. 0. 1
C. 0.5
B. 0. 9
D. 1.0
D. decide on the type of test to construct
38. Which one can enhance the comparability of grades?
A. Using common conversation table for translating test scores in to
B. Formulating tests that vary from one teacher to another.
C. Allowing individual teachers to determine factors for rating
D. Individual teachers giving weights to factors considered for rating.
39. The cultivation of reflective and meditative skills in teaching is an
influence of _____.
A. Shintoism
C. Confucianism
B. Zen Buddhism
D. Taoism
32. We encounter people whose prayer goes like this: O God, if there is a
God; save my soul if I have a soul,” from whom is this prayer?
A. Stoic
C. Agnostic
B. Empiricist
D. Skeptic
40. Teacher Y does norm-referenced interpretation of scores. Which of the
following does she do?
A. She describes group performance in relation to a level of mastery
B. She uses a specified content as its frame of reference.
C. She compares every individual student’s scores with others’ scores.
D. She describes what should be their performance.
33. If teacher wants to test student’s ability to organize ideas, which type
of test should she formulate?
A. Short answer
C. Essay
B. Technical problem type D. Multiple-choice type
34. Who among the following needs less verbal counseling but needs
more concrete operational forms of assistance? The child who ________.
A. has mental retardation
B. has attention-deficit disorder
C. has learning disability
D. has conduct disorder
41. The best way for a guidance counselor to begin to develop study skills
and habits in underachieving student would be to ______.
A. have these underachieving students observe the study habits of
excelling students.
B. encourage students to talk study habits from their own experiences
C. have them view filmstrips about various study approaches
D. give out list of effective study approaches
35. Which applies when skewness is zero?
A. Mean is greater than median.
B. Median is greater than the mean.
C. Scores have three modes.
D. Scores are normally distributed
42. Teacher F wanted to teach the pupils the skills to do cross stitching. He
check up quiz was a written test on the steps of cross stitching. What
characteristic of a good test does it lack?
A. Scorability
C. Objectivity
B. Reliability
D. Validity
36. Which does NOT belong to the group of alternative learning systems
A. Multi-grade grouping C. Graded education
B. Multi-age grouping
D. Non-graded grouping
43. For which may you use the direct instruction method?
A. Become aware of the pollutants around us.
B. Appreciate Milton’s Paradise Lost.
C. Use a microscope properly.
D. Distinguish war from aggression.
37. The first thing to do in constructing a periodic test is for a teacher to
A. decide on the number of items for the test
B. go back to her instructional objectives
C. study the content
44. In the context on the theory on multiple intelligences, what is one
weakness of the paper-pencil test?
A. It is not easy to administer.
B. It puts the non-linguistically intelligent at a disadvantage
C. It utilizes so much time.
D. It lacks reliability.
50. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following
results, then answer the question.
Subject Mean
SD Ronnel’s scrore
Math 56
Physics 41
English 80
45. NSAT and NEAT results are interpreted against set mastery level. This
means that NSAT and NEAT fall under _________.
A. intelligence test
C. criterion-referenced test
B. aptitude test D. norm-referenced test
In which subject(s) were the scores most homogenous?
A. Math
C. Physics
B. English
D. Physics and Math
51. In the parlance of test construction what does TOS mean?
A. Table of Specifics
C. Table of Specific Test Items
B. Term of Specifications
D. Table of Specifications
46. Teacher B uses the direct instruction strategy. Which sequence of steps
will she follow?
Independent practice
Feedback and correctiveness
Guided student practice
Presenting and structuring
Reviewing the previous day’s work
52. Which is a major advantage of a curriculum-based assessment?
It is informal nature.
It connects testing with teaching.
It tends to focus on anecdotal information on student progress.
It is based on a norm-referenced measurement model.
53. Teacher H gave first-grade class a page with a story in which picture
take the place of some words. Which method did she use?
A. The whole language approach
B. The Spaulding method
C. The rebus method
D. The language experience approach
47. Which guideline must be observed in the use of prompting to shape the
correct performance of your students?
A. Use the list intrusive prompt first.
B. Use all prompts available.
C. Use the most intrusive prompt first.
D. Refrain form using prompts.
48. What measure/s of central tendency do/es the number 16 represent in
the following data: 14,15,17,16,19,20,16,14,16?
A. Mode
C. Median
B. Mode and median
D. Mean
54. Out of 3 distracters in a multiple choice test items, namely B, C, and D,
no pupil choice D as answer. This implies that D is ________.
A. an ineffective distracter
B. a vague distracter
C. an effective distracter
D. a plausible distracter
49. Which holds true to standardized tests?
A. They are used for comparative purposes.
B. They are administered differently.
C. They are scored according to different standards.
D. They are used for assigned grades.
55. The burnout malady gets worse if a teacher doesn’t intervene to change
whatever areas he or she in control. Which one can renew a teacher’s
A. Stick to job
C. Judge someone else as wrong
B. Initiate changes in jobs
D. Engage in self-pity
56. If teacher has to ask more higher-order questions, he has to ask more
____ questions.
A. closed
C. concept
B. Fact
D. convergent
57. What can be said of Peter who obtained a score of P75 in a Grammar
objective test?
A. His rating is 75 items in the test correctly.
B. He answered 75 % of the test items correctly.
C. He answered 75.
D. He performed better that 5% of his classmate.
62. Which test has broad sampling of topics as strength?
A. Objective test
C. Essay test
B. Short answer test D. Problem test
63. Teacher T taught a lesson denoting ownership by means of
possessives. He first introduced the rule, then gave examples,
followed by class exercises, then back to the rule before he moved into
second rule. Which presenting technique did he use
A. Combinatorial C. Part-whole
B. Comparative D. Sequential
58. I drew learners into several content areas and encouraged them to solve
a complex question for interdisciplinary teaching. Which strategy did I
A. Problem-centered learning
B. Unit method
C. Reading-writing activity
D. D. Thematic instruction
64. In his second item analysis, Teacher H found out that more from the
lower group got the test item # 6 correctly. This means that the test
item _____.
A. has a negative discriminating power.
B. has a lower validity.
C. has a positive discriminating power.
D. has a high reability.
59. Which guidance in test construction is NOT observed in this test item “
Jose Rizal wrote ____”.
A. The central problem should be packed in the stem.
B. There must be only one correct answer.
C. Alternatives must grammatical parallelism.
D. The alternative must be plausible.
65. Teacher E discussed how electricity flows through wires and what
generates the electric charge. Then she gave the students wires, bulbs,
switches, and dry cells and told the class to create a circuit that will
increase the brightness of each bulb. Which one best describes the
approach used?
A. It used a taxonomy of basic thinking skills.
B. It was constructivist.
C. It helped students understand scientific methodology.
D. None of the above
60. To elicit more students’ response, Teacher G. made use of covert
responses. Which one did she NOT do?
A. She had the students write their response privately.
B. She showed the correct answers on the overhead after the students
have written their responses.
C. She had the students write their responses privately then called
each of them.
D. She refrained from judging on the student’s responses.
66. Teacher W wants to review and check on the lesson of the previous day.
Which one will be most reliable?
A. Having students identify difficult homework problems.
B. Having students correct each other’s work.
C. Sampling the understanding of a few students.
D. Explicitly reviewing the task-relevant information necessary for the
day’s lesson.
61. Direct instruction id a facts, rules, and actions as indirect instruction is
for _____ ,____, _____.
A. hypotheses, verified data and conclusions
B. concepts, patterns and abstractions
C. concepts, processes and generalizations
D. guesses, data and conclusions
67. Shown a picture of children in sweaters inside the classrooms, the
students were asked this question: In what kind of climate do these
children live? This is a thought questions on ______.
A. inferring
C. applying
B. creating
D. predicting
68. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following
results, then answer the question.
Subject Mean SD
Ronnel’s scrore
Math 56
Physics 41
English 80
74. Which activity should a teacher have more for his students if he wants
to develop logical-mathematical thinking?
A. Drama
C. Problem solving
B. Choral reading D. Storytelling
In which subject(s) did Ronnel perform best in relation to the
group’s performance?
Physics and Math
Define the instructional objective.
Decide on the length of the test.
Select the type of test items to use.
Build a table of specification.
75. Why should a teacher NOT use direct instruction all the time
A. It requires much time.
B. It requires use of many supplemental materials.
C. It is generally effective only in the teaching of concepts and
D. It reduces student’s engagement in learning.
C. Physics
D. Math
69. Which criterion should guide a teacher in the choice of instructional
A. Attractiveness
C. Novelty
B. Cost
D. Appropriateness
70. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following
results, then answer the question.
Ronnel’s scrore
76. Which are direct measures of competence?
A. Personality tests
C. Paper-and-pencil test
B. B. Performance tests D. Standardized tests
77. Which is one role play in the pre-school and early childhood years?
A. Develops competitive spirit.
B. Separates reality from fantasy.
C. Increase imagination due to expanding knowledge and emotional
D. Develops the upper and lower limbs.
In which subject(s) did Ronnel perform poorly in relation to the
group’s performance?
A. English
C. Math
B. English and Math
D. Physics
78. Teacher A discovered that his pupils are very good in dramatizing.
Which tool must have helped him discover his pupils’ strength?
A. Portfolio assessment C. Journal entry
B. Performance test
D. Paper-and-pencil test
71. “What is most likely to happen to our economy when export
continuously surpasses import” is a thought question on ______.
A. creating
C. relating cause-and-effect
B. synthesizing
D. predicting
79. Teacher M’s pupils are quite weak academically and his lesson is
already far behind time table. How should Teacher M proceed with his
A. Experientially
C. Logically
B. B. Inductively
D. Deductively
72. Which method has been proven to be effective in courses that stress
acquisition of knowledge?
A. Socratic method
C. Indirect instruction
B. Cooperative learning D. Mastery learning
81. I want to teach concepts, patterns and abstractions. Which method is
most appropriate?
A. Indirect instruction
C. Direct instruction
73. Which is the first step in planning an achievement test?
B. Discovery
D. Problem solving
86. The teacher’s first task in the selection of media in teaching is to
determine the
A. choice of the students
B. availability of the media
C. objectives of the lesson
D. technique to be used
82. If your Licensure Examination for Teacher (LET) items sample
adequately the competencies listed in the syllabi, it can be said that
LET possesses ______ validity.
A. concurrent
C. content
B. construct
D. predictive
87. In self-directed learning, to what extent should a teacher’s “scaffolding”
A. To a degree the student needs it.
B. None, to force the student to learn by himself
C. To the maximum, in order to extend to the student all the help he
D. To the minimum, to spend up development of student’s sense of
83. Read the following then answer the questions:
88. Which is a form of direct instruction?
A. Discovery process C. Programmed instruction
B. B. Problem solving D. Inductive reasoning
89. With synthesizing skills in mind, which has the highest diagnostic value?
A. Essay test
C. Completion tes
B. Performance test
D. Multiple choice test
90. How can you exhibit legitimate power on the first day of school?
A. By making your students feel they are accepted for who they are.
B. By informing them you are allowed to act in loco parents.
C. By making them realize the importance of good grades.
D. By making them feel you have mastery of subject matter.
Question: The Teacher questions in the above exchange are examples of
____ questions.
A. Fact
C. Direct
B. Concept
D. Closed
91. Based on Edgar Dale’s Cone of Experience, which activity is farthest
from the real thing?
A. View images
C. Watch a demo
B. Attend exhibit
D. Hear
84. In Krathwoh’s taxonomy of objectives in the affective, which is most
A. Characterization
C. Responding
B. Valuing
D. Organization
92. Which can effectively measure student’s awareness of values?
A. Projective techniques C. Likert scales
B. Moral dilemma
D. Anecdotal record
85. “In the light of the facts presented, what is most likely to happen
when…?” is a simple thought question on _____.
A. inferring
C. synthesizing
B. generalizing
D. justifying
93. I combined several subject areas in order to focus on a single concept
for interdisciplinary teaching. Which strategy/method did I use?
A. Problem-entered learning
B. Thematic instruction
C. Reading–writing activity
D. Unit method
C. Have a mouth ready to speak.
D. Have minds packed with knowledge.
94. The test item ”Group the following items according to shape” is a
thought test item on _______.
A. creating
C. classifying
B. generating
D. comparing
101. On whose philosophy was A.S.Neil Summerhill, one of the most
experimental schools based?
A. A. Rousseau
C. Montessori
B. B. Pestalozzi
D. John Locke
95. For maximum interaction, a teacher ought to avoid _____ questions.
A. informational
C. leading
B. rhetorical
D. divergent
102. Which Filipino trait works against the shift in teacher’s role from
teacher as a fountain of information to teacher as facilitator?
A. Authoritativeness
C. Hiya
B. Authoritarianism
D. Pakikisama
96. By what name is Socratic method also known ?
A. Mastery learning
C. Morrison method
B. Indirect instruction
D. Questioning Method
103. Teacher A is a teacher of English as Second Language: she uses
vocabulary cards, fill-in-the blank sentences, dictation and writing
exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this
information, which of the following is a valid conclusion?
A. The teacher is applying Bloom’s hierarchy of cognitive learning.
B. The teacher is teaching variety of ways because not all students
learn in the same manner.
C. The teacher wants to make her teaching easier by having less talk.
D. The teacher is emphasizing reading and writing skills.
97. Which is an appropriate way to make manage off-task behavior?
A. Make eye contact.
B. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task.
C. Move closer to the child.
D. Redirect a child’s attention to task and check his progress to make
sure he is continuing to work
98. Which one can best evaluate student’s attitudinal development?
A. Essay test
C. Observation
B. Portfolio
D. Short answer test
104. With specific details in mind, which one has (have) a stronger
diagnostic value?
A. Multiple choice test
B. Non-restricted essay test
C. Restricted essay test
D. Restricted and non-restricted essay tests
99. What should a teacher do for students in his class who are on grade
A. Give them materials on their level and let them work at a pace that
is reasonable for them, trying to bring them up to a grade level.
B. Give them the same work as the other students, because they will
absorb as much as they are capable of.
C. Give them the same work as the other students, not much, so that
they won’t feel embarrassed.
D. Give them work on the level of the other students and work a little
above the classmates level to challenge them.
105. Teacher B is a teacher of English as Second Language: she uses
vocabulary cards, fill-in-the blank sentences, dictation and writing
exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this
information, which of the following is a valid conclusion?
A. The teacher is reinforcing learning by giving the same information
in a variety of methods.
B. The teacher applying Bloom’s hierarchy of cognitive learning.
C. The teacher is wants to do less talk.
D. The teacher is emphasizing listening and speaking skills.
100. With-it-ness, according to Kourin, is one of the characteristics of an
effective classroom manager. Which phrase goes with it?
A. Have hands that write fast.
B. Have eyes on the back of your hands.
106. In a criterion-referenced testing, what must you do to ensure that your
test is fair
A. Make all of the questions true or false.
B. Ask each student to contribute one question.
C. Make twenty questions but ask the students to answer only ten of
their choice.
D. Use objectives for the unit as guide in your test construction.
113. Based on Edgar Dale’s Cone of Experience, which activity is farthest
from the real thing?
A. Read
C. View images
B. Hear
D. Attend exhibit
114. After giving an input on a good paragraph, Teacher W asks her
students to rate a given paragraph along the elements of a good
paragraph. The students’ task is in level of _________.
A. application
C. evaluation
B. analysis
D. synthesis
107. Read this question: “How will you present the layers of the earth to
your class?” This is a question that _________.
A. directs
B. leads the students to evaluate
C. assesses cognition
D. probes creative thinking
115. Which is one characteristic of an effective classroom management?
A. It quickly and unobtrusively redirects misbehavior once it occurs.
B. It teaches dependence on other for self-control.
C. It respects cultural norms of a limited group students.
D. Strategies are simple enough to be used consistently
108. In Krathwoh’s affective domain of objectives, which of the following is
the lowest level of effective behavior?
A. Valuing
C. Responding
B. Characterization
D. Organization
116. Read the following then answer the questions:
109. Which is NOT a sound purpose for asking questions?
A. To probe deeper after an answer is given
B. To discipline a bully in class
C. To remind students of a procedure
D. To encourage self-reflection
110. It is not wise to laugh at a two-year old child when he utters bad word
because in his stage he is learning to __________.
A. considered other’s views
B. distinguish right from wrong
C. socialize
D. distinguish sex differences
111. Research tells that teachers ask mostly content questions. Which of
the following terms does NOT refer to content questions?
A. Closed
C. Concept
B. Direct
D. Convergent
Question: which questioning strategy/ies does/do the exchange of
thoughts above illustrate?
A. Funneling
B. Sowing and reaping
C. Nose-dive
D. Extending and lifting
In mastery learning, the definition of an acceptable standard of
performance is called a
A. behavior
B. condition
D. criterion measure
117. How can you exhibit referent power on the first day of school?
A. By making them feel you know what you are talking about.
B. By telling them the importance of good grades.
C. By reminding your students your authority over them again and
D. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance.
D. Cooperative and solidarity plays
123. The principle of the individual difference requires teachers to
A. give greater attention to gifted learners
B. provide for a variety of learning activities
C. treat all learners alike while in the classroom
D. prepare modules for slow learners in class
124. Referring to Teacher S, Nicolle describes her teacher as “fair, caring
and someone you can talk to”. Which power or leadership does Teacher S
A. Referent power
C. Reward power
B. Legitimate power
D. Expert power
118. A sixth grade twelve-year old boy comes from a dysfunctional family
and has been abused and neglected. He has been to two orphanages
and three different elementary schools. The student can decode on the
second grade level, but he can comprehend orally material at the fourth
or fifth grade level. The most probable cause/s of this student’s reading
problem is/are ______.
A. emotional factors
B. poor teaching
C. neurological factors
D. immaturity
125. During the Spanish period, what was/were the medium/media of
instruction in schools?
A. The Vernacular
C. Spanish
B. English
D. Spanish and the Vernacular
119. Which questioning practice promotes more class interaction?
A. Asking the question before calling a student
B. Focusing on divergent questions.
C. Focusing on convergent questions.
D. Asking rhetorical questions
126. Rodel is very aloof and cold in his relationship with classmates. Which
basic goals must have not been attained by Rodel during his
developmental years, according to Erickson’s theory of psychological
A. Autonomy
C. Initiative
B. Trust
D. Generativity
120. The following are sound specific purpose of questions EXCEPTS
A. To call the attention of an inattentive student
B. To teach via student answers
C. To stimulate learners to ask questions
D. To arouse interest and curiosity
127. How can you exhibit expert power on the first day of school?
A. By making them feel you know what you are talking about.
B. By telling them the importance of good grades.
C. By reminding then your students your authority over them again
and again.
D. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance.
121. Which technique should a teacher use to encourage response if his
students do not respond to his question?
A. Ask a specific student to respond, state the question, and wait a
B. Tell the class that it will have detention unless answers are
C. Ask another question, an easier one.
D. Wait for a response.
128. Teacher P wants to develop the skill of synthesizing in her pupil. Which
one will she do?
A. Ask her students to formulate a generalization from the data shown
in graphs.
B. Ask her students to answer questions beginning with “What if …”
C. Tell her pupils to state data presented in graphs.
D. Directs her students to ask questions on the parts of the lesson not
122. Which types of play is most characteristic of a four to six-year old
A. Solidarity plays and onlookers plays
B. Associative and cooperative plays
C. Associative and onlookers plays
129. John Watson said “Men are built not born. ” What does this statement
point to?
A. The ineffectiveness of training on a person’s development.
B. The effect of environmental stimulation on a person’s development.
C. The absence of genetic influence on a person’s development.
D. The effect of heredity.
D. The success of the learner is based on teacher’s performance.
135. As a teacher, what do you do when you engage yourself in major task
A. Test if learning reached higher level thinking skills
B. Breakdown a complex task into sub-skills
C. Determine the level of thinking involved
D. Revise lesson objectives
130. Teacher H strives to draw participation of every student into
classroom discussion. Which student’s need is she trying to address?
The need
A. to show their oral abilities to the rest of the class
B. to be creative
C. to feel significant and be part of a group
D. to get everything out in the open
136. The following are used in writing performance objectives EXCEPT
A. delineate
C. integrate
B. diagram
D. comprehend
137. Teacher B clears his throat to communicate disapproval of a student’s
behavior. Which specific influence technique is this?
A. Signal interference
C. Interest boosting
B. Direct appeal
D. Proximity control
131. Teacher G’s lessons objective has something to do with the skill of
synthesizing? Which behavioral term is most appropriate?
A. Test
C. Appraisal
B. Assess
D. Theorize
138. An effective classroom manager uses low-profile classroom control.
What is a low-profile classroom technique?
A. Note to parents
B. After-school detention
C. Withdrawal of privileges
D. Raising the pitch of the voice
132. Which is a sound classroom management practice?
A. Avoid establishing routines; routines make your student robots.
B. Establish routines for all daily needs and tasks.
C. Apply rules and policies on a case to case basis.
D. Apply reactive approach to discipline.
133. A child who gets punished for stealing candy may not steal again
immediately. But this does not mean that the child may not steal again.
Based on Thorndike’s theory on punishment and learning, this shows that
A. punishment strengthen e a response
B. punishment remove a response
C. punishment does not remove a response
D. punishment weakens a response
139. The primary objective of my lesson is: “To add similar fractions
correctly.” Before I can do this I must first aim at this specific
objective: “to distinguish a numerator from a nominator. “What kind
of objective is the latter?
A. Major
C. Enabling
B. Terminal
D. Primary
134. Which assumption underlines the teacher’s use of performance
A. Not every form of learning id observable.
B. Performance objectives assure the learner of learning.
140. With which goals of educational institutions as provided for by the
Constitution is the development of work skills aligned?
A. To develop moral character
B. To teach the duties of citizenship
C. To inculcate love of country
D. To develop vocational efficiency
C. Learning is defined as a change in the learner’s observable
141. In instructional planning it is necessary that parts of the plan from the
first to the last have ___________.
A. clarity
B. symmetry
C. coherence
D. conciseness
B. Keeps interest to himself/herself
C. Seeks out a classmate for help when problem occurs.
D. Spends time meditating.
142. All of the following describe the development of children aged eleven
to thirteen EXCEPT
A. they shift from impulsivity to adaptive ability
B. sex differences in IQ becomes more evident
C. they exhibit increased objectivity in thinking
D. they show abstract thinking and judgement
149. Which is behavioral term describes a lesson outcome in the highest
level of Bloom’s cognitive domain?
A. Create C.
B. Evaluate
D. Design
150. The main purpose of compulsory study of the Constitution is to ___.
A. develop students into responsible, thinking citizens
B. acquaint student with the historical development of the Phil
C. make constitutional experts of the students
D. prepare students for law-making
143. If a teacher plans a constructivist lesson, what will he most likely do?
Plan how he can _______.
A. do evaluate his student’s work
B. do reciprocal teaching
C. do lecture to his students
D. engage his students in convergent thinking
151. A goal-oriented instruction culminates in _______.
A. planning activities
B. evaluation
C. identification of topics
D. formulation of objectives
144. In mastery learning, the definition of an acceptable standard of
performance is called a
C. behavior
B. criterion measure
D. condition
145. “A stitch on time saves nine”, so goes the adage. Applied to classroom
management, this means that we _______.
A. may not occupy ourselves with disruptions which are worth
ignoring because they are minor
B. must be reactive in our approach to discipline
C. have to resolve minor disruptions before they are out of control
D. may apply 9 rules out of 10 consistently
152. Based on Freud’s psychoanalytic theory which component (s) of
personality is (are) concerned with a sense of right and wrong?
A. Super ego
B. Super-ego and Ego
C. Id
D. Ego
153. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements,
longer school day, longer academic year and more challenging
A. Perennialist
C. Progressivist
B. Essentialist
D. Existentialist
146. Ruben is very attached to his mother and Ruth to her father. In what
developmental stage are they according to Freudian psychological
A. Oedipal stage
C. Anal Stage
B. Latent stage
D. Pre-genital stage
154. A student passes a research report poorly written but ornately
presented in a folder to make up for the poor quality of the book report
content. Which Filipino trait does this practice prove?
A. art of academics
B. substance over “porma”
C. art over science
D. “porma” over substance
147. What was the prominent educational issues of the mid 1980’s?
A. Bilingual Education
C. Accountability
B. Value Education
D. Mainstreaming
148. Which behavior is exhibited by a student who is strong in
interpersonal intelligence?
A. Works on his/her own.
155. Which one may support equitable access but may sacrifice quality?
A. Open admission C. Deregulated tuition fee hike
B. School accreditation
D. Selective retention
162. A teacher who equates authority with power does NOT usually
A. Shame
C. develop self-respect in every pupil
B. retaliate
D. intimidate
156. Based on Piaget’s theory, what should a teacher provide for children in
the sensimotor stage?
A. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skill.
B. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and
C. Activities for hypothesis formulation.
D. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with.
163. Which is a true foundation of the social order?
A. Obedient citizenry
B. The reciprocation of rights and duties
C. Strong political leadership
D. Equitable distribution of wealth
164. Standard deviation is to variability as mean is to _______.
A.coefficient of correlation C. discrimination index
B. central tendency
D. level of difficulty
157. A teacher’s summary of a lesson serves the following functions,
A. it links the parts of the lesson.
B. it brings together the information that has been discussed.
C. it makes provisions for full participation of students.
D. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson.
165. Teacher Q does not want Teacher B to be promoted and so writes an
anonymous letter against Teacher B accusing her of fabricated lies.
Teacher Q mails this anonymous letter to School Division
Superintendent. What should Teacher Q do if she has to act
A. Submit a signed justifiable criticism against Teacher B, if there is
B. Go straight to the School Division Superintendent and gives
criticism verbally.
C. Hire a group to distribute poison letters against Teacher B for the
information dissemination.
D. Instigate student activists to read poison letter over the
158. As a teacher, you are rationalist, Which among these will be your
guiding principle?
A. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of
B. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven
D. I must teach the child every knowledge, skills and value that he
needs for a better future.
159. Bruner’s theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to
iconic and symbolic stages. In which stage(s) are diagrams helpful to
accompany verbal information?
A. Enactive and iconic
C. Symbolic and enactive
B. Symbolic
D. Iconic
160. Student’s scores on a test were: 72,72,73,74,76,78,81,83,85.
The score 76 is the ___.
A. mode
C. average
B. mean
D. median
166. Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the cultural and educational
heritage of the nation and is under obligation to transmit to learners
such heritage. Which practice makes him fulfill such obligation?
A. Use the latest instruction technology
B. Observing continuing professional education.
C. Use interactive teaching strategies
D. Study the life of Filipino heroes
167. Which type of reports to “on-the spot” description of some incident,
episode or occurrence that is being observed and recorded as being of
possible significance?
A. Autobiographical report
B. Value and interest report
161. Standard deviation is to variability as mode to _____.
A. level of difficulty
C. correction
B. discrimination
D. central tendency
C. Biographical report
D. Anecdotal report
D. By government examinations
173. The attention to the development of a deep respect and affection for
our rich cultural past is an influence of ______
A. Confucius
C. Teilhard de Chardin
B. Heqel
D. Dewey
168. Teacher A is directed to pass an undeserving student with a death
threat. Which advice will a hedonist give?
A. Pass the student. Why suffer the threat?
B. Don’t pass him. You surely will not like someone to give you a
death threat in order to pass.
C. Pass the student. That will be use to the student, his parents and
D. D. Don’t pass him. Live by principle of justice. You will get reward,
if not in this life, in the next.
174. A teacher / student is held responsible for his actions because s/he
A. has instincts
C. has mature
B. has a choice
D. is reason
175. The typical autocratic teacher consistently does the following EXCEPT
A. intimidating students
C. shaming students
B. ridiculing students
D. encouraging students
169. If you agree with Rizal on how you can contribute to our nation’s
redemption, which should you work for?
A. Opening our doors to foreign influence
B. Upgrading the quality of the Filipino through education
C. Stabilizing the political situation
D. Gaining economic recovery
176. Teacher H and teacher I are rivals for promotion. To again the favor of
the promotion staff, teacher I offers her beach resort for free for
members of he promotional staff before ranking. As one of the
contenders for promotions, is this becoming of her to do
A. Yes. This will be professional growth for the promotional staff.
B. No. This may exert undue influence on the members of the
promotional staff and so may fail to promote on the basis of merit.
C. Yes. The rare invitation will certainly be welcomed by an
overworked promotional staff.
D. Yes. There’s nothing wrong with sharing one’s blessings.
170. “All men are pretty much alike. It is only by custom that they are set
apart, “ said one Oriental philosopher. Where can this thought be
most inspiring?
A. In a multi-cultural group of learners.
B. In multi-cultural and heterogeneous groups of learners and
indigenous peoples’ group.
C. In a class composed of indigenous people.
D. In heterogeneous class of learners.
177. Rights and duties are correlative. This means that.
A. rights and duties regulate the relationship of men in society.
B. rights and duties arise from natural law.
C. each right carries with it one or several corresponding duties.
D. rights and duties ultimately come from God.
171. In what way can teachers uphold the highest possible standard of
quality education?
A. By continually improving themselves personally and professionally
B. By wearing expensive clothes to change people’s poor perception
of teachers
C. By working out undeserved promotions
D. By putting down other professions to lift the status of teaching
178. In the Preamble of Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers, which is
NOT said of teachers?
A. LET passer
B. Duly licensed professionals
C. Possess dignity and reputation
D. With high moral values as well as technical and professional
172. How would you select the most fit in government position? Applying
Confucius teaching, which would be the answer?
A. By course accreditation of an accrediting body
B. By merit system and course accreditation
C. By merit system
179. What should you do if a parent who is concerned about a grade his
child received compared to another student’s grade, demands to see
both students’ grades?
A. Refuse to show either record.
B. Show only his child’s record.
C. Refuse to show any record without expressing permission from
D. Show both records to him.
185. Are percentile ranks the same as percentage correct?
A. It cannot be determined unless scores are given.
B. It cannot be determined unless the number of examinees is given
C. No
D. Yes
186. Teacher F is a newly converted to a religion. Deeply convinced of his
new found religion, he starts Monday classes by attacking one religion
and convinces his pupil to attend their religion services on Sundays. Is
this in accordance with the Code of Ethics of Professional Teachers?
A. Yes. What he does strengthens value education.
B. No. A teacher should not use his position to proselyte others.
C. Yes. In the name of academic freedom, a teacher can decide what to
D. Yes. What he does is a value education.
180. Teacher often complain of numerous non-teaching assignments that
adversely affect their teaching. Does this mean that teachers must be
preoccupied only with teaching?
A. Yes, if they are given other assignments, justice demands that they
be properly compensated.
B. Yes, because other community leaders, not leaders, not teachers,
are asked to lead in community activities.
C. Yes, because every teacher is expected to provide leadership and
initiative in activities for betterment of communities.
D. No, because teaching is enough full time job.
187. In a study conducted, the pupils were asked which nationality they
preferred. If given a choice. Majority of the pupils wanted to
Americans. In this case, in which obligation, relative to the state, do
schools seem to be failing? In their obligation to
A. respect for all duly constituted authorities
B. promote national pride
C. promote obedience to the laws of the state
D. install allegiance to the Constitution
181. Which illustrates a development approach in guidance and counseling?
A. Spotting on students in need of guidance
B. Teaching students how to interact in a positive manner
C. Acting as a mentor
D. Making the decision for the confused student
188. A guest in one graduation rites told his audience: “Reminder, you are
what you choose to be”. The guest speaker is more of a/an _____.
A. realistic
C. pragmatist
B. Idealistic
D. existentialist
182. Whose influence is the education program that puts emphasis on selfdevelopment through the classics, music, and ritual?
A. Buddha
C. Confucius
B. Mohammed
D. Lao tsu
189. From whom do we owe the theory of deductive interference as
illustrated in syllogism?
A. Plato
C. Socrates
B. Aristotle
D. Pythagoras
183. Helping in the development of graduates who are “maka-Diyos” is an
influence of ___.
A. naturalistic morality
B. classical Christian morality
C. situational morality
D. dialectical morality
190. In what way can teachers uphold the highest possible standard of
quality education?
A. By
continually improving themselves personally and
B. By putting down other professions to lift the status of teaching
C. By wearing expensive clothes to change people’s poor perception
of teachers
184. What is the mean of this score distribution 4,5,6,7,8,9,10?
A. 7
C. 8.5
B. B. 6
D. 7.5
D. By working out undeserved promotions
191. Two students are given the WISC III. One has a full scale IQ of 91,
while the other has an IQ of 109. Which conclusion can be drawn?
A. Both students are functioning in the average range of intellectual
B. Another IQ test should be given to truly assess their intellectual
C. The first student is probably below average, while the second has
above average potential.
D. The second student has significantly higher intellectual ability.
it makes provisions for full participation of students.
it brings together the information that has been discussed.
it links the parts of the lesson.
it. clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson
196. Soc exhibits fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show
fear when a dog is on a leash or confined to a pen. Which
conditioning process is illustrated?
A. Extinction
C. Generation
B. Discrimination
D. Acquisition
197. Ruben is very attached to his mother and Ruth to her father. In what
developmental stage are they according to Freudian psychological
A. Latent stage
C. Anal Stage
B. Pre-genital stage
D. Oedipal stage
192. Which describes norm-referenced grading?
A. What constitutes a perfect score
B. The student’s past performance
C. An absolute standard
D. The performance of the group
198. The concepts of Trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame & self-doubt,
and initiative vs. guilt are most closely related with works of _____.
A. Jung
C. Erickson
B. Freud
D. Piaget
193. Teacher A knows of the illegal activities of a neighbor but keeps quiet
in order not to be involved in any investigation. Which foundational
principle of morality does Teacher A fail to apply?
A. Always do what is right
B. The principle of double effect
C. The end does not justify the means
D. Between two evils, do the lesser evil
199. A goal-oriented instruction culminates in _______.
A. evaluation
B. formulation of objectives
C. identification of topics
D. planning activities
194. Teacher Q does not want Teacher B to be promoted and so writes an
anonymous letter against Teacher B accusing her of fabricated lies.
Teacher Q mails this anonymous letter to School Division
Superintendent. What should Teacher Q do if she has to act
A. Hire a group to distribute poison letters against Teacher B for the
information dissemination.
B. Submit a signed justifiable criticism against Teacher B, if there is
C. Go straight to the School Division Superintendent and gives
criticism verbally.
D. Instigate student activists to read poison letter over the
200. Which of the following is considered a peripheral device?
A. Keyboard
C. Monitor
D. Printer
195. A teacher’s summary of a lesson serves the following functions,
25. no answer
101. no answer 151. D
53. no answer 103.
153. no answer
159. no answer