2. The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10 year basic education program. Table 5. Researches on Philippine Basic Education Curriculum and their Recommendations Year Source 1925 Monroe Survey Recommendation Training of graduate student in agriculture, commerce and industry because secondary education did not prepare students for life 1949 UNESCO Mission Survey Restoration of Grade VII in primary education 1950 Swanson Survey 1953 Education Act Revising the primary school system by adding one year (Grade VII) 1960 Swanson Survey Restoring Grade 7 in Primary education 1970 PCSPE Extending secondary education by one year to better prepare students who have no plans to take up university education 1991 EDCOM Report Retaining the 10-year basic education phase while institutionalizing career counseling in Primary and secondary schools in preparation for higher education Prioritizing student learning through curricular reforms the provision of textbooks the use of the vemacular in lower Primary and secondary schools in preparation education Implementing a compulsory one-year prebaccalaureate stage as prerequisite for students interested in enrolling in higher education degree programs. Lengthening the educational cycle by adding two years to formal basic education ( one search for Primary and high school) 1998 Philippines Education Sector Study (World Bank and ADB) 2000 PCER 2006 Philippine EFA 2015 National Action Plan 2008 Presidential Extending pre-university education to a total of 12 Task Force on years benchmarking the content of the eleventh and Education twelve years with international programs. Employability of Filipino high school graduates The k to 12 Curriculum prepares the students for the world of work, middle level skills development, entrepreneurship and college education. The K to 12 curriculum Developmentally Appropriate Responsive & Relevant Contextualized and Global Mother-tongue based multilingual education Reflective Teaching Collaborate The curriculum shall be flexible enough to enable and allow schools to localize, indigenize and enhance the same based on their respective educational and social contexts. Curriculum Tracks Academic, Technical-VocationalLivelihood, sports track, Arts & Design Arts. The Academic track includes four strands: i. Business, Accountancy, Management, (BAM); ii. Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS); iii. Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM); and iv. General Academic Strand(GAS) NOMENCLATURE/ LEARNING AREA Integrated Language Arts Mother Tongue Filipino English Core curriculum Description Grade 1-6 It focuses on the development of literacy and numeracy skill & learning of concepts first in the Mother tongue from grades 1-3 & later transfer to second language. Grade 7-10 Ang Filipino ay naglalayong malinang ang (1) kakayahang komunikatibo at (2) kahusayan sa paguunawa at pagpapahalagang pampanitikan ng mga mag aaral.