Uploaded by Shauntae Ffrench

Variables- updated

What are variables?
Or what changes during
Independent Variables
• What is tested by the scientist
• What is changed by the scientist
• Also known as manipulated variables.
Dependent Variable
• What is observed
• What is measured
• The effect caused by the
independent variable.
• The data
• Also called responding variables
Controlled Variables
• Things that could change but don’t
• Kept constant (the same) by
• These allow for a fair test.
Controlled variables
Controlled variables
• Importance of controlled variables
In an experiment, a researcher is
interested in understanding the effect of
an independent variable on a dependent
variable. Control variables help you ensure
that your results are solely caused by your
experimental manipulation.
Example of identifying
Identify the independent
and dependent variable in
the following statement