# Module-1.-Polynomial-Functions ```10
Mathematics
Quarter 2 – Module 1:
Polynomial Functions
The following are some reminders in using this module:
2. Observe honesty and integrity in doing the tasks and checking your
3. Finish the task at hand before proceeding to the next.
4. For the submission of module, write all your answers in a word file
and save it as a PDF with a file name of the given lesson. After that,
Rolino G. Alvarez (Online Class)
If you encounter any difficulty in answering the tasks in this module,
do not hesitate to consult your teacher or facilitator. Always bear in mind
that you are not alone. Fighting!!!
What I Need to Know
At the end of the lesson, with at least 80% level of proficiency, students shouldbe
able to:
1. illustrate Polynomial Functions;
2. understand, describe, and interpret the graphs of polynomial function
(M10AL-IIa-1); and
3. solve problems involving polynomial functions (M10AL-IIb-2).
Lesson
Polynomial Functions
1
This module will be assessing your knowledge of the different math concept/s previously
studied and your skill/s in performing mathematical operations. These knowledge and skills
What’s In
Identify if the given is a polynomial expression or not. Write P if it is considered as a
polynomial expression and PN if not and give your reasons.
1.
6.
2.
7.
√
3.
4.
√
√
8.
⁄
9.
⁄
5.
10.
What’s New
Study the given polynomial functions and complete the table below.
Polynomial Function
1.
( )
2.
( )
3.
( )
4.
( )
5.
( )
(
)
Polynomial
Function in
Standard Form
Degree
Coefficient
Constant
Term
What is It
A polynomial function is a function of the form
,
( )
where
is a non-negative integer,
are real numbers called coefficients,
is
is the constant term.
The terms of a polynomial may be written in any order. However, if they are written in
decreasing powers of , we say the polynomial function is in standard form.
Other than
( ), a polynomial function may also be denoted by
polynomial function is represented by a set
of ordered pairs (
( ). Sometimes, a
). Thus, a polynomial
function can be written in different ways, like the following.
( )
or
Polynomials may also be written in factored form and as a product of irreducible
factors, that is, a factor that can no longer be factored using coefficients that are real numbers.
Here are some examples.
a.
in factored form is
(
b.
in factored form is
(
c.
in factored form is
(
d.
( )
e.
( )
in factored form is ( )
)(
(
in factored form is ( )
)(
(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)
)(
)
)
)
)
Factor each polynomial completely using any method.
1. (
2. (
3. (
)(
)
)(
)
)(
)
4.
5.
The preceding task is very important for you since it has something to do with the x- intercepts
of a graph. These are the x-values when y = 0, thus, the point(s) where the graph intersects the
x-axis can be determined.
To recall the relationship between factors and x-intercepts, consider these examples:
Example 1:
Find the intercepts of
.
Solution:
To find the x-intercept/s, set
. Use the factored form. That is,
(
)(
)(
)(
)
Factor completely.
(
)(
)(
)(
)
Equate
to 0.
Equate each factor to 0 to determine .
The x-intercepts are -1, -2, 2 and 3. This means the graph will pass through (
( ) and ( ).
Finding the y-intercept is more straightforward. Simply set
), (
),
in the given polynomial. That
is,
(
)
(
)
( )
The y-intercepts is 12. This means the graph will also pass through (
).
Example 2:
Find the intercepts of
.
Solution:
To find the x-intercept/s, set
. Use the factored form. That is,
(
)(
)(
)
Factor completely.
(
)(
)(
)
Equate
to 0.
Equate each factor to 0 to determine .
The x-intercepts are -2, -1, and 1. This means the graph will pass through (
and ( ).
), (
),
Again, finding the y-intercept simply requires us to set
(
)
in the given polynomial. That is,
( )
The y-intercepts is -2. This means the graph will also pass through (
).
You have learned how to find the intercepts of a polynomial function. You will discover
more properties as you go through the next activities.
What’s More
Determine the x-intercept/s and the y-intercept of each given polynomial function. To obtain
other points on the graph, find the value of
1.
(
)(
-5
)(
that corresponds to each value of
in the table.
)
-3
0
2
4
x-intercepts: _____, _____, _____, _____
y-intercepts: _____
2.
(
)(
)(
-6
)
-4
0
3
5
x-intercepts: _____, _____, _____
y-intercepts: _____
3.
(
)(
-7
)
-3
1
2
x-intercepts: _____, _____, _____
y-intercepts: _____
4.
(
)(
-4
)(
-2
)(
-0.5
)
2
4
x-intercepts: _____, _____, _____, _____
y-intercepts: _____
What I Have Learned
similar to the one provided.
Case 1
The graph on the right is defined by
, or in factored form,
(
)(
)(
).
Questions:
a. Is the leading coefficient a positive or a
negative number?
b. Is the polynomial of even degree or odd
degree?
c. Observe the end behaviors of the graph on
both sides. Is it rising or falling to the left
or to the right?
Case 2
The graph on the right is defined by
, or in factored form,
(
) (
)(
) .
Questions:
a. Is the leading coefficient a positive or a
negative number?
b. Is the polynomial of even degree or odd
degree?
c. Observe the end behaviors of the graph on
both sides. Is it rising or falling to the left or
to the right?
Case 3
The graph on the right is defined by
, or in factored form,
(
)(
)(
).
Questions:
a. Is the leading coefficient a positive or a
negative number?
b. Is the polynomial of even degree or odd
degree?
c. Observe the end behaviors of the graph on
both sides. Is it rising or falling to the left or
to the right?
Case 4
The graph on the right is defined by
, or in factored
form,
(
)(
)(
)(
).
Questions:
a. Is the leading coefficient a positive or a
negative number?
b. Is the polynomial of even degree or odd
degree?
c. Observe the end behaviors of the graph on
both sides. Is it rising or falling to the left or
to the right?
What I Can Do
Complete the table below. In the last column, draw a possible graph for the function, showing
how the function behaves. You do not need to place your graph on the
- plane. The first one is
done for you as an example.
Behavior of
Sample Polynomial Function
1.
2.
3.
4.
Coefficient:
or
Degree:
Even or
Odd
Odd
the Graph:
Rising or
Possible
Falling
Sketch
Left
Right
hand
hand
falling
rising
Republic of the Philippines
SOUTHERN LEYTE STATE UNIVERSITY – TOMAS OPPUS
Junior Laboratory High School
San Isidro, Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte
Activity in Polynomial Function
A. Directions. Read each item carefully and write the letter of the correct answer.
1. Which of the following is a polynomial?
3
2
i. x  2 x  5 x  2
a. i only
3
2
ii. 5 x  3x  x  2
b. ii only
c. i and ii
5 x 2  3x
iii.
d. i and iii
2. The following are examples of polynomial, EXCEPT
a.
y2  4 y  5
4
3
c. 3r  5r  2r  1
b.
5x 3  9 x 2  12 x  8
3
3
d. a  b
8
9
5
3
3. What is the leading coefficient of the polynomials, 4 x  5 x  4 x  x  x ?
a. 4
b. 5
c. 8
d. 1
4. If you will be asked to choose from -2, 2, 3, and 4, what values
for
and
will you consider so that
could define the
graph on the right?
a.
,
b.
,
c.
,
d.
,
) by means of the leading coefficient test. How will you explain the behavior of
)(
the graph?
a. The graph is falling to the left and rising to the right.
b. The graph is rising to both left and right.
c. The graph is rising to the left and falling to the right.
d. The graph is falling to both left and right.
6.
(
What is the degree of the polynomial function
a. 1
b. 2
?
c. 3
d. 10
7. What are the end behaviors of the graph of ( )
?
a. rises both directions
c. rises to the left and falls to the right
b. falling both directions
d. falls to the left
8. If you will draw the graph of
) , how will you illustrate it with respect to the x-
(
axis?
a. Illustrate it crossing both (
) and (
b. Illustrate it tangent at both (
c. Illustrate it crossing (
d. Illustrate it tangent at (
9. A polynomial
graph of
).
) and (
).
) and tangent at (
).
) and crossing (
).
with real coefficients and degree 2 has an imaginary zero/root at
has a -intercept at (
. The
). Find .
a.
( )
c.
( )
b.
( )
d.
( )
10. What are the -intercepts of a polynomial functions?
a. (
b. Absolute
)
c. value of
d. roots
B. Directions. Determine the intercepts of the following polynomial functions. (Provide a neat
and clean solution).
1.
2.
(
)(
3.
(
)(
4.
5.
)
)(
)
Republic of the Philippines
SOUTHERN LEYTE STATE UNIVERSITY – TOMAS OPPUS
Junior Laboratory High School
San Isidro, Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte
Reflection Paper
Question: Write down 3 things you have learned about polynomial functions. What particular
part of the lesson you find it difficult? What question/s you can generate out from
the lesson.
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