# S3 Regular T9C Straight Lines E ```!
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0.1
Distance between Two Points
0.2
Slope of a Straight Line
1
0.3
Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
2
1.1
Point of Division

1.
M is the mid-point of the line segment joining A(1, 8) and B(7, 2). Find the coordinates of M.
[(4, 5)]
2.
Referring to the figure, N is the mid-point of CD. Find the coordinates of C.
[(–19, –10)]
3
3.
Given that the line segment joining A(4, 5) and M(7, 9) is produced to a point B and AM = MB, find
the coordinates of B.
4.
[(10, 13)]
Q is a point on the y-axis. M(–5, –7) is the mid-point of the line segment joining P(p, –2) and Q. Find
the value of p and the coordinates of Q.
[(0, –12)]
5.
Referring to the figure, PQ is a diameter of a circle.
(a)
Find the coordinates of the centre C of the circle.
(b)
It is given that R(–5, 7) and S are the end points of the diameter RS of the circle. Find the coordinates
of S.
[(–2, 5)]
[(1, 3)]
4

6.
The figure shows two points A(–2, –4) and B(4, 5). P lies on AB such that AP : PB = 2 : 1 . Find the
coordinates of P.
7.
[(2, 2)]
36
Given that T(6, 2) lies on the line segment joining P(8, –5) and Q&aelig;&ccedil; , 5 &ouml;&divide; , find PT : TQ .
&egrave; 7 &oslash;
[7 : 3]
5
8.
Referring to the figure, CQ is produced to meet the x-axis at D and CQ : QD = 2 : 3 . Find the value
of c and the coordinates of D.
9.
[(–4, 0)]
In the figure, A and D are two points on the y-axis. B and C are two points on the x-axis. M(3, 4) and
N(–3, –4) are the mid-points of AB and CD respectively.
(a)
Find the coordinates of A, B, C and D.
(b)
Determine whether AB and CD are parallel.
10.
Referring to the figure, PQRS is a parallelogram and its diagonals intersect at M. Find the coordinates
of P, M and R.
[(0, 8); (6, 0); (–6, 0); (0, –8)]
[Yes]
[(0, 4); (5, 2); (10, 0)]
6
11.
In the figure, the line segment joining A(10, –8) and B(6, y) cuts the x-axis at D, where AD = DB .
The line segment joining A and C(x, –2) cuts the y-axis at E, where AE = EC .
(a)
(b)
(i)
Find the value of x and the coordinates of E.
[–10; (0, –5)]
(ii)
Find the value of y and the coordinates of D.
[8; (8, 0)]
Show that DE =
1
BC .
2
7
12.
Referring to the figure, AM is produced to meet the y-axis at B and AM = MB . N is a point on the xaxis such that NM ^ AB .
(a)
Find the value of m and the coordinates of B.
[4; (0, 4)]
(b)
Find the coordinates of N.
[(12, 0)]
(c)
If C and D are points on the x-axis such that AC // MN // BD,
(i)
find the coordinates of C and D,
(ii)
determine whether N is the mid-point of DC.
[(20, 0); (4, 0)]
[Yes]
8
13.
The coordinates of A and B are (–7, 9) and (–2, –1) respectively. P(p, 3) is a point on AB.
(a)
Find AP : PB.
[3 : 2]
(b)
Hence, find the value of p.
[–4]
9
14.
The line segment joining A(–5, –2) and B(8, 11) cuts the x-axis and the y-axis at P and Q respectively.
(a)
(i)
Find AQ : QB.
[5 : 8]
(ii)
Hence, find the coordinates of Q.
[(0, 3)]
(i)
Find AP : PQ.
[2 : 3]
(ii)
Hence, find the coordinates of P.
[(–3, 0)]
(b)
(c)
Find AP : PQ : QB.
[2 : 3 : 8]
10
15.
Referring to the figure, AC cuts the y-axis at Q and AQ = QC. P lies on AB and AB ^ AC .
(a)
Find the value of c and the coordinates of Q.
[12; (0, 9)]
(b)
Find the values of b and p.
[–11; –11]
(c)
Find AP : PB.
[1 : 2]
11
16.
Referring to the figure, ABCD is a parallelogram. P is a point on BC such that AP ^ BC an
BP : PC = 1 : 3.
(a)
Find the coordinates of A and B.
[(3, 7); (3, 2)]
(b)
Find the area of parallelogram ABCD.

12
2.1

1.
In the figure, the coordinates of A and B are (a, 0) and (0, b) respectively. If M is the mid-point of
AB, prove that OM =
2.
1
AB .
2
In the figure, OABC is a rectangle, where OA = a units and OC = c units. P, Q, R and S are the midpoints of OA, AB, BC and OC respectively. Prove that PQRS is a rhombus.
13
3.
It is given that OABC is a square of side a units. P, Q, R and S are points on OA, AB, BC and CO
respectively, such that OP : PA = AQ : QB = BR : RC = CS : SO = 1 : 2. Prove that PR and QS bisect
each other.