St. Michael’s College College of Nursing Iligan City Name: ______________________________________________ Clinical Instructor: _____________________________________ Group: ______________ Date: _______________ Assessing a Temperature Concept:____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Purpose: :___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Equipments:______________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Procedure Written Rationale Oral Rationale Yes 1. Assessment: Clinical signs of fever Clinical signs of hypothermia Site most appropriate for measurement Factors that may alter core body temperature Physician’s order or nursing care plan for frequency and route. Identify patient. 2. Planning: Gather all the necessary equipment needed for the procedure. ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ No Performed Done Not Done 3. Implementation: Explain procedure to patient Make sure the electronic or digital thermometer is in operating condition Perform hand hygiene and don gloves if appropriate or indicated. Select appropriate site. Follow steps as outlined below for the appropriate type of thermometer Assessing Tympanic Membrane Temperature: If necessary, push the “On” button and wait for the “ Ready” signal on unit. Attach tympanic probe cover. Using gentle but firm pressure, insert probe snugly into external ear, angling thermometer toward patient’s jaw line. Pull pinna up and back to straighten the ear canal in an adult. Activate unit by pushing trigger button. The reading is immediate, usually within 2 seconds. Note temperature reading Discard probe cover in appropriate receptacle by pushing the probe release button and replace thermometer in its charger or holder. Assessing Oral Temperature with an Electronic or Digital Thermometer Release the electronic unit from the charging unit; remove probe from within recording unit Cover thermometer probe with disposable probe cover; slide it until it snaps into place Place probe beneath patient’s tongue in the posterior sublingual pocket. Ask the patient to close his lips around the probe. Continue to hold probe until you hear a beep to let you know the reading is completed. Note the temperature reading Remove the probe from the patient mouth and dispose of probe cover by holding probe over appropriate receptacle and pressing probe release button Return the thermometer probe to the storage place within the unit; return electronic unit to charging unit to make sure it is fully charged Assessing Rectal Temperature with an Electronic or Digital Thermometer Provide privacy for the patient by closing door or curtain Place the bed at an appropriate working height to reduce back strain during the procedure Assist the patient into side lying position. Pull back covers enough to expose only the buttocks Remove the probe from within the recording unit of the electronic thermometer. Cover the probe with a disposable probe cover and slide it until it snaps into place. Lubricate about 1 inch of the probe with the water soluble lubricant Reassure patient. Separate the buttocks until anal sphincter is clearly visible. Insert thermometer probe into the anus about 1 ½ inch in an adult or 1 inch in a child. Hold the probe in place until you hear a beep. Carefully remove the probe. Note the temperature reading on the display. Dispose of the probe cover by holding probe over appropriate waste receptacle and pressing release button. Using toilet tissue, wipe the anus of any feces or excess lubricant. Dispose of the toilet tissue Remove gloves and discard. Perform hand hygiene Cover the patient and help him to a position of comfort. Place bed in lowest position; elevate rails as needed. Assessing Axillary Temperature with an Electronic or Digital Thermometer Ensure privacy by closing door or curtains Place bed at an appropriate working height to reduce back strain during the skill Move patient’s clothing to expose axilla Remove probe from recording unit of the electronic thermometer. Slide on a disposable probe cover and snap it securely into place Place the end of the probe in the center of the axilla. Have patient bring his or her arm down and close to the body Hold the probe in place until you hear a beep, and then carefully remove probe. Note the temperature reading Dispose of the probe cover by holding probe over appropriate waste receptacle and pushing release button Place the bed in the lowest position and elevate rails as needed. Leave the patient clean and comfortable. Return the electronic thermometer to the charging unit. 4. Evaluation: Document patient’s body temperature. Record temperature on paper, flow sheet, or computerized record. Report abnormal findings to the appropriate person. Note the area and type of assessment of temperature.