Uploaded by Amine Bekkare

Linking Words (1)

T: Abdelghafour Raquibi
Effect/ Result
Contrast and
‫الختم والتلخيص‬
And giving
‫الشرح والتفسير‬
‫وإعطاء االمثلة‬
Linking Words
in addition, /additionally
furthermore / moreover,
also / too/ as well
Because / as/ since
Because of /due to /owing to
Thanks to
Therefore / consequently,
as a result,
thus/ hence,
for this reason,
Although /Even though
‫إضافة إلى ذلك‬
‫عالوة على ذلك‬
‫وبناء عليه‬
‫ونتيجة لذلك‬
‫لهذا السبب‬
‫رغم أن‬
However, / Nevertheless,
Nonetheless, yet
Despite / In spite of
Despite the fact that
In spite of the fact that
On the contrary/ conversely
/ In contrast
Whereas/ while
on the one hand ... on the
other hand
First /, second /, third
firstly, secondly, thirdly
To begin with / First of all
Next/ then/ after that
Last/ Lastly/ Finally
Last but not least
In conclusion
To sum up/ in brief
In a nutshell,
‫ومع ذلك‬
Computers are cheaper nowadays; furthermore, they are
I'm cold, and I'm also hungry and tired.
I stayed at home because it was raining.
I stayed at home because of the rain.
Thanks to this treatment, her condition has improved.
It was raining, therefore I stayed at home.
She worked hard. As a result, she had good grades.
There was a lot of traffic; thus, we were late.
She's just found out she failed her exams, hence her bad mood.
even though he is rich, he lives in a small house.
“He works hard, but he doesn’t earn much.”
The problems are not serious. Nonetheless, we shall need to
tackle them soon.
‫ رغم‬/ ‫بالرغم من‬
In spite of the rain, we went for a walk.
We went for a walk despite the rain.
We went for walk despite the fact that it was raining.
The risk of infection hasn’t diminished. on the contrary, it has
Life in the city is fast, whereas life in the countryside is slow.
Laptops are convenient; on the other hand, they can be
‫ في‬/‫على العكس‬
‫بينما – في حين‬
‫ ومن‬... ‫من جهة‬
‫جهة أخرى‬
..‫ ثالتا‬،‫ ثانيا‬،‫أوال‬
Firstly, you should exercise regularly. Secondly, you need to
cut down on fast food. Thirdly, you have to see a doctor
regularly. Last but not least, you should have a balanced diet.
‫ بادئ ذي بدْء‬/‫بداية‬
‫ بعد ذلك‬،‫ثم‬
ً‫أخيراً وليس آخرا‬
For example
Like / Such as
in other words, / to put it
that is to say
In order to / so as to
In order not to/ so as not to
So that
‫على سبيل المثال‬
‫بعبارة أخرى‬
as a matter of fact, / in fact
Particularly / in particular
‫في الحقيقة‬
‫بدون شك‬
Similarly, / likewise
in the same way,
by the same token,
Example sentences
To sum up, there are three main ways of tackling the
In a nutshell, we’re all responsible for the environment.
Many countries, for example/ such as Mexico and Japan, have
a lot of earthquakes.
“There are 2 problems: namely, the cost and the time.”
He was economical with the truth; in other words, he lied.
I’ll deal with the second point first, that is to say the change to
the club’s rules.
‫ أي‬/‫هذا يعني‬
‫ لكي‬/‫من أجل‬
‫لكي ال‬
‫على حد السواء‬
‫بنفس الطريقة‬
‫على نفس المنوال‬
He gave up a permanent job in order to freelance.
I agreed to her suggestion in order not to upset her.
I've reorganized my files so that I can easily find them.
It's not that difficult. As a matter of fact, it's quite easy.
Undoubtedly, this topic is very important.
I love coffee, in particular ones from Brazil
The car is quite small, especially if you have children.
Alex enjoys telling jokes; in the same way/similarly, his son
adores funny stories.
Tajin was delicious. Likewise, the salad was yummy.