Uploaded by jessicalynn030

1 Ecology Vocabulary Key

Ecology Vocabulary:
Interactions Within the Environment
Answer the questions below using the reading
1. Based on the definition of Ecology, what do you think the word parts “eco” and “ology”
Eco means “environment” and ology means “the study of"
2. Compare and contrast abiotic and biotic factors using the diagram below.
Exist within
an ecosystem
Non-living parts of
an ecosystem such
as air, water,
sunlight, soil,
rocks, chemicals,
Impact the
Can be
interacted with
Living parts of an
ecosystem such as
animals, plants,
fungi, protists, and
3. Provide three examples of each:
a. Abiotic Factor: soil, water, air, rocks, chemicals, sunlight, wind
b. Biotic Factor: fungi, plants, animals, bacteria, protists
4. Write a paragraph explaining how energy flows through an ecosystem using the following
terms: energy pyramid, trophic level, producer, consumer, decomposer
An energy pyramid shows how energy moves through an ecosystem. The sun is the
source of all energy on Earth. The sun provides energy needed for the bottom of the
energy pyramid: produces. Producers or autotrophs are plants that which harness much
of the sun’s energy to make their own food. As we move up the energy pyramid, much of
the sun’s energy is lost and only 10% of energy is transferred to each trophic level. The
primary consumer is an herbivore or omnivore that eats the producers. Next tis the
secondary consumer, a carnivore or omnivore that east the primary consumers. Tertiary
or top consumers eat the secondary consumers.
© Getting Nerdy â, 2012 to present. All rights reserved
Ecology Vocabulary:
Interactions Within the Environment
5. Food webs and food chains both show how energy transfers in an ecosystem. Explain
how they differ from one another.
A food chain shows energy transfer through an ecosystem. Arrows always point from
the thing being eaten to the which eats it. A food chain is just ONE example of plant
and animal interactions within an ecosystem. A food web is many food chains linked
together, showing all of the various predator/prey relationships within an ecosystem.
6. Using the reading, define and give an example of each type of consumer.
Type of consumer
Eats plant material
Eats animals/meat
Eats both plants and animals
7. Identify the three types of symbiosis. Then, using the symbols (+) for positive, (-) for
negative, and (0) for neutral, describe what each organism gets out of each relationship.
Provide an example of each type.
Type of
Use (+) (-) and (0) to
Provide an
show what each
example of
organism gets out
each type of
of the relationship
Both organisms benefit from
+, +
Bees pollinating
their relationship
Commensalism One organism benefits while
+, 0
Sharks and
the other is neither helped
nor harmed
One organism benefits while
+, Dogs and fleas
the other is harmed
8. List some limiting factors that might limit the size of a population within its
environment. (for example: increased hunting by man and drought)
Resources such as water, air, shelter, and food; mates; competition with other
organisms for the same resource; natural disaster events; accidents; disease
9. What are some ways that humans negatively affect the environment?
Answers may vary, including examples such as noise, air or water pollution, logging
and deforestation, global warming, overuse of energy
© Getting Nerdy â, 2012 to present. All rights reserved