Book exercise. Q.1 What are the basic components of communication? The basic components are; - The stimulus - The Filter - The medium - The Destination - The nature of the conversation In order to have a successful medium of communication, it is essential that these components are followed, however not in any particular order. Q.2 What are the common forms of oral and written communication? Oral communication refers to communication that is done say face to face, over the phone, via a webinar, TVs. Written communication includes emails, newspapers, journals, magazines. Q.3 What makes up a formal communication network? There are basically three components that make up a formal communication network. They are; Downward communication This type of communication refers to information passed from the higher management to the lower management groups i.e. from the bosses to managers to associates. Upward communication This is the exact opposite of Downward communication. This is where information is passed to the higher levels from the lower level management. Lateral Communication This is an example of communication between employees of the same level, could be senior level, could be lower levels as well. Q.4 What are the characteristics of the grapevine? Speed As compared to formal communication, the speed of grapevine is fast. Oral communication Grapevine uses oral techniques more rather than written or non-verbal techniques. As oral communication involves less time, grapevine is likely to be dependent on oral mode. Huge Impact Grapevine links the whole organization very quickly. From top to bottom of an organization, no body is left from the touch of grapevine. Q.5 What are the major verbal and non verbal barriers to communication? The major verbal and non verbal barriers are; Inadequate vocabulary Language differences Different methods of interpretation Differences in perception Inappropriate emotions Distractions Such barriers can become a hindrance when the people communicating are in different countries where there is different culture, different approaches to communicating and as a result, people may misinterpret the actual context of the message and this may cause a lot of disharmony within a group. This is possible in organizations, friends and any sort of communication. These are some of the factors to keep in mind when communication. It is best to keep the message articulate. Q.1 Identify communication components in a current news story. The main communication components are the audiences, the medium used, the nature of the conversation. There should be a certain set of audiences that the messages are targeted to. It is very important that the message is properly interpreted otherwise there can be chaos. Also, the nature of the conversation. Is it too aggressive, is it too passive? i.e. the tone. These are certain factors that play a huge factor in communication. Q. 12 Choose how to reject a job offer. If I was in a situation where I had to reject a job offer, I’d prefer to decline it over email first so that I can stress the reasons why I am doing so and then do a polite phone call where I’d try and explain it if necessary. The reason for the phone call would be to express my gratitude on being offered the position. This phone call would be able to speak more than the words can. Q.15 Write a policy about email use. The first and most common policy of email is to not send any emails with or without any attachments to your personal email. This would be in violation of company policy and could lead to one losing the job. Also, it would be a good idea if employees were told to not discuss any personal details while using company provided emails. This would help maintain a professional relationship and the employees would not need to worry about any leaks that could damage their reputation.