SELF-LEARNING HOME TASK (SLHT) Subject: Reading and Writing Grade Level: 11 Quarter: 2nd Week: 1 MELC: Explain critical reading as a form of reasoning. (EN11/12RWS-IVac-8) Name: __________________________ Section: ___________ Date: __________ School: __________________________ District: __________________________ A. Readings/Discussions Critical reading is dissecting a reading material. It is the art of asking oneself about a certain text. Deborah Knott 2012 of New College Writing Centre expressed in writing that as a reader, you are not a passive participant, but an active constructor of meaning. Exhibiting an inquisitive, critical attitude towards what you read will make anything you read richer and more useful may it be in your class or in your life. Once critical reading is practiced, any reader gets used to read between and beyond the lines. Dayagbil, Abao, and Bacus (2016) stated that if this skill is well developed, nurtured, and enhanced, the reader is obviously challenged to reason out and justify her thoughts, ideas, and decisions. The act and the art of reasoning brought about by critical thinking is a noteworthy accomplishment that any reader can claim. Reasoning is the process of expressing ideas and opinion as well as justifying a stand based on prior and existing knowledge and experience needed to arrive at a decision. 1. Dare to read every day. Citing relevant ideas of experts and authorities in reading materials help strengthen one’s stance of an issue. 2. Learn to focus to the main ideas (explicit or implied) and supporting details mentioned in the argument. 3. Examine the pros and cons of the argument / resolution. This will help you to weave the flow of your thoughts presented. 4. Organize your thoughts. Arrange ideas either in chronological order or by emphasis (general to specific or vice versa.) Once organized, oral or written expression becomes meaningful. 5. Note points for improvement. After having justified an issue, recheck your stand base on your power to convince the reader/audience. Moreover, practice, practice so that you become conscious of becoming better every time you reason out. Below is an evaluation guide to help develop your critical reading ability. As you peruse any reading material, you need to check its content, objectivity, and relevance for you to be able to connect and find its significance to your life. Evaluation Guide for Critical Writing Elements for Evaluation Explanation Guide This is the substance of the text. Context Are the input/ideas present comprehensive- covering the breadth And depth of the text? It is comprehensible? As a whole, is it appealing to the reader? Objective This is the stand of the author about an issues/article. Are facts presented? Does it present both side of the argument? Does the author possess ethical and moral consideration in his/her article? This is the intention, the entire meaning, and the value of the issue/article to the reader’s life. Significance Can the reader readily connect the issue to his/her life? Is it open for interaction? How is it valuable to the reader? (Dayagbil, Abao, Bacus, 2016) B. Exercises Exercise 1: Let’s Think Critically Directions: Read any recent article in the newspaper. Identify a pressing concern/issue of our country today. Then do the following in writing: a. b. c. d. What is the central message of the article? Do computers surpass man’s intelligence? Justify. Identify the opportunities and challenges brought about by computers. How do you foresee the world fifty years from now in terms of technology use? Example: There’s a virus among us: How gaming helps Filipinos bond (and stay sane) amid the pandemic May it be to entertain themselves, to bond with friends, to train or to quench their competitive spirits, humans have been fond of games for ages. Video games, meanwhile, are a relatively new breed – but it will be here to stay for as long as we do. Even before the pandemic, millions from all over the world have always liked – or even get addicted to – video games. Some are professionals, others are competitive, while many are just casual gamers. Gaming itself has surpassed film and music as the world’s biggest form of entertainment. Now, as we have been forced to stay inside our homes in the past few months, those who haven’t even picked up a controller before in their lives are trying out gaming – both to pass the time and to bond with friends. In the Philippines, where COVID-19 has affected and killed thousands, people are left with only a few options on how to spend their time inside their homes. Having been forced to live under the longest lockdown in the world – which is still ongoing – Filipinos have turned to gaming to destress and escape, as other forms of entertainment, such as cinemas, are unavailable. People are still discouraged, if not outright compelled, to refrain from holding gettogethers. Thus, playing online games has become one of the few ways friends can still socialize and have a good time. By: Ian Biong - @IBiongINQ INQUIRER.net / 05:00 PM December 10, 2020 Exercise 2: Let’s Create Directions: Read a national/international issue from any source. Then your top priority for national development. Create a program to achieve such. You may use graphic organizer and explain it in a paragraph form. Follow the tips/techniques to develop critical thinking. To Assess Student’s Output 10 8 6 4 2 The program is relevant, attainable, well-organized, and free from grammatical errors. The program is relevant, attainable, well-organized but contains grammatical errors. The program is relevant and attainable but not wellorganized and contains grammatical errors. The program is relevant but not attainable, not well-organized and contains grammatical errors. The program is not relevant, not attainable, not wellorganized and contains grammatical errors. Example: https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/overview/models-for-community-health-and-development/healthycities-healthy-communities/main This is a sample program about how to sustain a healthy community which must be a top priority for national development. A healthy community is one in which all systems work well (and work together), and in which all citizens enjoy a good quality of life. This means that the health of the community is affected by the social determinants of health and development – the factors that influence individual and community health and development. C. Assessment/Application/Outputs (Please refer to DepEd Order No. 31, s. 2020) Directions: Listen/read some speeches of prominent personalities. Then jot down their statements which are factual and opinionated in the corresponding column below. Then write your reaction about his/her speech. To Assess Student’s Output 20 17 14 11 8 The ideas are clear, comprehensive, and wellorganized and free from The ideas are clear, comprehensive, well-organized but contain Ideas are clear, comprehensive but not wellorganized and contain Ideas are clear but not comprehensive, not wellorganized and contain Ideas are not clear, not comprehensive, not wellorganized and contain grammatical errors. grammatical errors. grammatical errors. grammatical errors. grammatical errors. Example: Name of the Prominent Personality I Have a Dream – Martin Luther King, 1963 Factual Statements 1. The official event was called the “March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.” 2. The March was not universally supported by activists. Opinionated Statements 1. The main idea of Martin Luther King’s speech called for civil and economic rights and an end to racism in the US (I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character). 2. One day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. Reaction: “I Have a Dream” is an eye-opening to see how King’s words resonate today. There is still a long way to come to achieve the world the King strived for us to become. D. Suggested Enrichment/Reinforcement Activity/ies NEWS ANALYSIS Read any local or international issue from the newspaper which interests you. Afterwards, identify the cause/s of the issue/problem, your reaction towards it then propose a solution to the problem. Issue/Problem Cause/s Reaction Proposed Solutions References: Barrot, J. S. (2016). Academic Reading and Writing for Senior High School. Quezon City: C & E Publishing, Inc.; Dayagbil, F. T., Abao, E. L., Bacus, R. C. (2016). Critical Reading and Writing for Senior High School. Quezon City: Lorimar Publishing, Inc.; and https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/overview/models-for-community-health-and development/healthy-cities-healthy-communities/main Prepared by: JUVELYN B. BINONDO Edited by: JORIE ANN L. SASING Reviewed by: ANA MARIE L. TUMULAK GUIDE For the Teacher: Amidst inevitable circumstances, Department of Education extends their resources and looks for varied ways to cater your needs and to adapt to the new system of Education as a fortress of Learning Continuity Plan. One of the probable solutions is the use of Self-Learning Home Task (SLHT) in teaching. The creation of this SLHT is a combined effort of competent educators from different levels and various schools of Department of Education-Cebu Province. In addition, this SLHT is meticulously planned, organized, checked, and verified by knowledgeable educators to assist you in imparting the lessons to the learners while considering the physical, social, and economical restraints in teaching process. For the Learner: This is your Self-Learning Home Task (SLHT) on “explaining critical reading as a form of reasoning (EN11/12RWS-IVac-8)” as written and found in the K-12 Most Essential Learning Competencies. In using this SLHT, keep note of the fundamental reminders below. • • • • • • You should be responsible in reading and understanding every part of this selflearning home task. You should manage your time carefully in doing all the activities while considering the tasks from other subjects. You should not skip any part of this SLHT to avoid confusion and misinterpretation. Make sure to clearly comprehend the first activity before proceeding to the next one. If there is a part which is hard to understand, learn to utilize other available resources or even ask help from your family members if possible. You should not procrastinate. Make a timetable for all your activities if necessary. Neither copy the work of your classmate not let family members do your activities/tasks. This is independent learning, so allow yourself to discover and develop your own potentials. For the Parent/Home Tutor: The use of Self-Learning Home Task (SLHT) aims to overcome the challenges of teaching in a new normal education set-up. Through this, the students are given independent learning activities based on the Most Essential Learning Competencies which are anchored in the K-12 Curriculum Competencies, to work on them in accordance with their capability, efficiency, and time. Thus, this is helping the learners acquire the prerequisite 21st Century skills needed by considering the holistic well-being of the learners. If you wish to talk to the teacher/educator for some concerns/clarifications, do not hesitate to keep in touch with him/ her for further discussion. Know that even if this is a homebased class, the teacher is only a call away. Good communication between you, the teacher, and the student is the top priority to flourish understanding on the given lessons. Your major role is to help/guide the learner to accomplish all the given tasks on/before the scheduled time. Your words of encouragement may help them cope with the challenge to gain ample knowledge and skills to be fully equipped and ready to answer the demands of the globally competitive world. Thank you so much!