Uploaded by Gh Ani

Thato Mokwena - Settlement Geography (Geography Research)

Name & Surname: Thato Mokwena
Subject: Geography
Grade: 12A
School: Potoko High School
The Hypothesis of Settlement Geography in Burgersfort.
Settlement Geography can be described as a colony or any small group of people, it can be
a community that is smaller than a town or like a village. The proposed research aims to
develop new methods and tools required to evaluate the lack of planning by the local
municipality of Fetakgomo Tubatse in the provision of basic services and model risks within
the informal settlement of Burgersfort, so that the appropriate and cost-effective solutions
and strategies can be suggested to improve the resilience of Burgersfort informal settlement
The research examine the hypothesis that the lack of basic services delivery in Burgersfort
rural settlement leads to impacts that affect humans and the settlement. Poor service
delivery in Fetakgomo Tubatse Municipality is caused by numerous factors, for instance, the
municipality is not financially self-sufficient and lack the necessary infrastructure and
resources to carry out their duties to the public.
Positive Human Impacts.
People share a common language, religion or culture.
Increase with population growth.
Settlement expansion.
Economic growth.
Increased consumption
Negative Human Impacts.
Decline of resources.
Zero job opportunities.
High rate of job losses.
Overall poor living conditions.
Background information about an area of study
Burgersfort is located in the valley of the Spekboom River at the edge of the Bushveld
Complex in the Fetakgomo Tubatse Local Municipality, near the border of the two provinces
Limpopo and Mpumalanga. Area: 28, 1 Km, Weather: 24 Degrees Celsius, Wind E at 6Km/h,
59% Humidity. Postal: 1150, Area Code: 013, Population: 6 369 (2011).
Burgersfort it is the South Africa’s fourth largest Cape Griffon vulture colony roots on the
sheer cliffs of the Drakensberg escarpment near the JG Strijdon Tunnel on a farm called
Manoutsa. The area is made up of 29 wards with 166 villages/ suburbs, the vast majority
being villages which are scattered throughout the northern part of the GTM.
Analysis and Synthesis of data
Modern mining has been
practiced in Sekhukhune for
well over a century, and
typically involved (as is still the
case today) the extraction of
andalusite, asbestos, chromite
and platinum deposits from the
Merensky Reef, which forms
part of the mineral rich
Bushveld Complex. In fact, the
District features the world's
largest deposit of the platinum
group metals (PGMs). What is
striking about previous bouts of
mining activity in the area is
how changing commodity
prices affected the opening,
closing and, occasionally, reopening of mines. When prices
rose, new exploration and
development took place in the
Sekhukhune mining sector.
Conversely, when prices fell,
mines in the area closed. This
is an important characteristic to
take into consideration when providing infrastructure and housing to support expanding
mining operations.
Currently, 17 operational mines are found within the District, with the majority of activity
situated along the Dilokong Corridor (R37 and R555). The Dilokong corridor stretches across
the Fetakgomo and Greater Tubatse LMs respectively. Some isolated activities are found
within the Greater Marble Hall LM. Major mining companies operating in the GSDM (2006)
include Anglo Platinum, Xstrata, BHP Billiton, Implants, ASA Metals and Marula Platinum. In
spite of the involvement of major mining companies, mining in the District has not yet
reached production limits. Consequently, a number of new developments are expected to
take place. These include: Eleven new platinum and chrome mines over the next three
years, possibly creating 17 000 direct jobs.
A R2 billion smelter plant is being considered for construction in Tubatse, possibly creating
1200 jobs.
Population: Population
concentration points are
clusters of individual
settlements with large numbers
of people and high population
densities. The GSDM features
12 population concentration
points, with Elias
Motsoaledi, Greater Marble
Hall, and Greater Tubatse LMs
featuring 3 concentration points
Recommendations and possible solutions
 Access – the people around Burgersfort need to have adequate access to water,
electricity, health services, education, transport services and markets, because lack
of access limits the opportunity that people have to improve and sustain their social
and economic well-being.
 Infrastructure development like irrigation, electricity
and better roads.
 Employment opportunities
 Increase citizen participation in the affair of the
local authority and partnership with the community
service delivery.
 Create job opportunities
 Improve availability of information
 Enhance internal capacity
The municipality of Fetakgomo needs to
encourage people to generate their own
livelihoods by giving aspiring entrepreneurs
confidence and connections
I conclude my hypothesis by referring to the research topic that I introduced at the
beginning of my study: “The Hypothesis of Settlement Geography in Burgersfort”
as I accept. The research conducted has established that the people in the
Burgersfort settlement communities do suffer and their suffering is probably more
severe than in other communities in the country, and that the town indeed faces
numerous challenges in this regard. Burgersfort lack resources. With mining it is at
its best but it doesn’t seem to be contributing much to the communities by building
roads, schools, issue out clean water, affordable electricity as some communities or
villages still lack such services. The municipality of Fetakgomo needs to encourage
people to generate their own livelihoods by giving aspiring entrepreneurs confidence
and connections.
1. https://www.enco3x3.org > article
2. https://www.researchgate.net>publication/253240244_Strategies_to_improve_servic
3. https://www.safari.co.za/ipfdb/manucipalities-greater-sekhukhune.html