Compare the production techniques used in both versions of the song (16): Genre Track A is in a style from the……… whereas Track B is in a style from the…….. ‘In this Essay I will compare the differences in instrumentation, recording techniques, effects, arrangement and mixing of the tracks and explain how these differences impact the feel of each song.’ Instrumentation The instrumentation of track A includes: Guitar/electric guitar? Drum kit? Percussion? Piano? Bass/electric bass? Vocals? Backing vocals? Horns? The instrumentation of track B however, is: Music Tech equipment: Synths? (obvious oscillator/settings?) Samplers/samples? Drum machines? Recording Techniques Track A was probably recorded using: Monophonic tape stereo/3 track (inc overdubbed vocals) 4/8/16/24 track tape Digital audio tape (ADAT) A multi-tracker A Digitial audio workstation (DAW) As a result the music was recorded by……. Everyone in the room Use of baffles Mics, Polar patterns Overdubbing Separate sound booths Rhythm section separately Sequenced Recorded live and quatised MIDI-syned drum machines/arpeggiators (…to avoid spillage.) As a result of this recording style and the equipment used Tape saturation (analogue distortion) distortion Spillage signal to noise ratio mastering This gives the track a …………. Sound (see notes are the end) Effects The effects heard include: EQ: High/low frequencies boosted Filtering can be heard at Cut-off is modulated Resonance is added Filter envelope Dynamic: Heavy Compression Gating Pumping Side-chaining Tape saturation? Effects Reverb – reverb time/reverb room type/reverse reverb Delay – delay time/wet/dry/ Modulation effects (flanging, phasing, chorus) Wah-wah, distortion, tremolo, vibrato, vocoder, Digital effects Panning Automation – especially of synth parametres (e.g. cut off) Sample reverse/stuttering/looping/pitch shifting/time stretching Arrangement In Track A/B, contrast and interest is added in the arrangement by: Adding/removing instruments Double tracking Build ups/Break downs Any other textural variation ‘Explanation’ points: This effect/recording technique/instrumentation/structure gives the track an: intimate/epic/rough/live/edgy/mournful/aggressive/upbeat/melancholy feel. This adds: space/variation/complexity/creates a climax/adds contrast. Other E.g.s include Tape recording has been sped up. This changes the pitch of the recording. Only one mic has been used on the drum kit so only the snare drum is audible. Limited sample time leading to lots of looping. Limited bit depth reduces the dynamic range. Reduced sample rate will lower the frequency response. There is lots of room ambience on the recording which was commonly used in the jazz era. The original used compression with a light ratio, in order to keep it sounds natural There is more compression on the remix, creating a tighter but less human feel.