Uploaded by Fatima Choudhury


agile — The ability to create and respond to change.
agile or adaptive project management — An approach where the project scope cannot be
defined upfront, incremental releases are desired, and changes are expected.
artifact — A template, document, output, or project deliverable.
best practice — An optimal way recognized by industry to achieve a stated goal or
ethics — A set of principles that guide our decision making based on personal values of
what is “right” and “wrong.
” hybrid project management — A mixture or combination of predictive and agile
approaches to managing projects.
leader — A person who focuses on long-term goals and big-picture objectives, while
inspiring people to reach those goals.
manager — A person who deals with the day-to-day details of meeting specific goals.
megaproject — A very large project that typically costs over US $1 billion, affects over one
million people, and lasts several years.
method — The means for achieving an outcome, output, result, or project deliverable.
model — A thinking strategy to explain a process, framework, or phenomenon. net promoter
score— A number that represents the customer’s willingness to recommend a product or
service to others.
principles — Foundational guidelines for strategy, decision making, and problem solving.
portfolio — A collection of projects, programs, subsidiary portfolios, and operations
managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives. program — A group of related projects,
subsidiary programs, and program activities managed in a coordinated manner to obtain
benefits not available from managing them individually. program manager — A person who
provides leadership and direction for the project managers heading the projects within the
program. project — A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service,
or result. project management — The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques
to project activities to meet project requirements. project management process groups —
Initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing. project manager —
The person responsible for working with the project sponsor, the project team, and the other
people involved in a project to meet project goals. Project Management Institute (PMI) —
International professional society for project managers. project management knowledge
areas — Project integration management, scope, schedule, cost, quality, human resource,
communications, risk, procurement, and stakeholder management. Project Management
Professional (PMP®) — Certification provided by PMI that requires documenting project
experience, agreeing to follow the PMI code of ethics, and passing a comprehensive exam.
project management tools and techniques — Methods available to assist project managers
and their teams; some popular tools in the time management knowledge area include Gantt
charts, network diagrams, critical path analysis, and project management software. project
performance domain — A group of related activities that are critical for the effective delivery
of project outcomes. project portfolio management — The grouping and managing of
projects and programs as a portfolio of investments. project sponsor — The person who
provides the direction and funding for a project. scrum — A lightweight framework that
helps people, teams and organizations generate value through adaptive solutions for
complex problems. stakeholders — People involved in or affected by project activities. triple
constraint — Balancing scope, schedule, and cost goals. value — The worth, importance, or
usefulness of something. waterfall, predictive, or traditional project management — Terms
used to describe an approach where most of the project planning is done upfront, there is a
single final product, service, or result delivered at the end of the project, change is
constrained, costs and risks are controlled, and stakeholders are involved at specific