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Salcedo, Melvin V.
What is LGU stands for?
LGU means a local government unit which is a political
subdivision of the Republic of the Philippines at the provincial, city,
municipal, or Barangay level. Local government units (LGUs) oversee
local governance in 81 provinces, 144 cities, 1,490 municipalities, and
42,028 barangays across the country. LGU officials are responsible
for providing direct and basic services to the people and ensuring
peace and order within communities. It play a major role in a
community's development, provide the links between the people and
government, address its community's problems and concerns,
enforce policies and hold influence over its communities.
Does decentralization become more effective specifically
in terms of rendering government services? Why?
It could be, but it could also not be because effective
decentralization is closely related to following the design principles
of: finance following clear assignment of functions; informed
decision making; adherence to local priorities; and accountability.
However, putting these principles into practice has not been easy.
Because country circumstances differ, often in subtle and complex
ways, the policy and institutional instruments that establish
decentralization must be tailored to the specific conditions of
individual countries. Although the primary reason for global
decentralization is that it is simply occurring, there are a slew of
design issues that influence the impact of various types of
decentralization on efficiency, equity, and macro stability. In this
regard, there is a growing body of literature that investigates the
economic rationale for decentralization.