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The contamination or spoliation of the natural environment is known as
pollution. It disturbs the natural process of the environment.
Environmental pollution also causes harm to our environment by
disturbing the natural balance. There are different types of environmental
pollution such as air pollution, water pollution, land pollution, noise
pollution etc.
There are different causes of environmental pollution. Among them, waste
materials of different industries, the ejaculation of poisonous gases,
deforestation, smoke emitted by vehicles or factories are the major factors
that cause environmental pollution. In the modern world environmental
pollution has become a serious issue for the whole world. Due to
environmental pollution, the temperature of the earth is increasing day by
day. The air of the earth is no longer remaining fresh and sweet. People are
suffering from many diseases in every corner of the world. Again in
metropolitan cities increasing numbers of vehicles not only causes air
pollution but also disturbs our ears by causing noise pollution. In this
century everyone is racing for industrialization or development. But this
type of blind race may destroy the greenery in our environment.
On the other hand water pollution is another type of environmental
pollution. In our country in most of the areas river water is the only source
of drinking water. But almost every river in India is in the grip of pollution
due to the negligence of people. Poisonous waste materials from industries are
thrown in the rivers and as a result of that, the river water gets polluted.
People also pollute river water in the name of traditional beliefs.
For example, people still believe that the ashes (Asthi) after burial
ceremonies should be thrown in the river, the hair needs to be thrown in the
river after Mundan, etc. Water pollution gives birth to different waterborne diseases.