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Lesson 23

*To start discussing the topic, let me first ask you a
question. What is the first thing that comes in to your
mind after hearing the word “civic” or “civil”?
*Relating to ordinary citizens and their concerns, as
distinct from military or ecclesiastical matters.
*How about “engagement”? what do you think is the
meaning of “engagement”?
*a formal agreement to get married.
*an arrangement to do something or go somewhere at
a fixed time.
*Thank you. Now, we already know the meaning of
civic and engagement, if we try to combine these 2
words, we’ll get the word “civic engagement”. Any
idea about civic engagement? Anyone from the class?
*Very good. Aside from that, civic engagement is
affiliated by civil societies. What is Civil Society?
*Can anyone give an example of civil society?
*refers to the actions performed by an individual or a
social group aimed to improve and put in order the
living conditions of a community or country
* civil society refers to individuals, representatives, or
groups that are not part of the state.
*Red Cross, Bantay Bata 163, PAWS, etc.
*Good. Let us continue. According to Miriam Coronel
Ferrer, civil societies differ based on the following:
1st is the type and nature of the organization which
talks about the objective and functions performed by
an organization.
2nd is the level of organization which talks about the
members of the civil society (whether they are
individual or group).
3rd is the origin of the organization which refers to who
or what started the organization.
And lastly, the perspective and ideology. It talks about
the underlying ideology, philosophy, culture or religion
of the organization espouses
*According to UNICEF’s study entitled Youth People’s
Civic Engagement in East Asia and the pacific, there
are 3 concepts needed to understand civic
engagement. Please do enumerate those 3 concepts.
*we also have this so-called “non-governmental
organization” or the NGO. This is one of the youngest
civil society. We also have the ZOTO (Zone One Tondo
Organization) and PECCO (Philippine Ecumenical
Council for Community Organizing) but they were
stunted during the Martial Law of the former
president Ferdinand Marcos. In addition to that, we
also have the TNA (Transnational Advocacy Networks)
that supports international issues.
*1st is the knowledge. 2nd is skills, and 3rd is life skills
which includes making good decisions ang thinking
*There are also sectors that comprises civil society.
Kindly give the first one.
*The Media
*The media. It serves as the bridge in reporting
everyday occurrences, as well as current issues and
topics to the masses. Next?
*The Church. It spreads teaching based on justice,
compassion and helping the poor. Next?
*Schools, Colleges, and Universities. It serves a bridge
for students to become an active member of civil
societies. And last?
*The Church
*Schools, Colleges, And Universities
*Business Organizations
*Business Organizations. They help civil societies to as
well reduce taxes that they pay. So those are sectors
comprising civil societies.
*After knowing almost everything about civil society,
let me ask you a question. What do you think is the
function of civil society?
*It balances the power of the state
*It exposes the corruption of the government
*It encourages citizens to monitor the state’s political
*It maintains the balance in a democracy.
*It can provide opportunities for different sector =s in
the society to express individual interest.
*It trains the potentials of future leaders of the
*It aids in sharing important and relevant information
with the public.
*It moderates the agreements made between the
state and other sectors if the society as well.
*They observe and monitor the electoral process to
ensure that it proceeds fairly and properly.
*People with ideologies, origins, customs, or ethnicity
are able to live peacefully.
*According to the article 8, section 6 of the 1987
constitution, civil society is the strongest sector.