II.CONTENT TEACHER STUDENT *To start discussing the topic, let me first ask you a question. What is the first thing that comes in to your mind after hearing the word “civic” or “civil”? *Relating to ordinary citizens and their concerns, as distinct from military or ecclesiastical matters. *How about “engagement”? what do you think is the meaning of “engagement”? *a formal agreement to get married. *an arrangement to do something or go somewhere at a fixed time. *Thank you. Now, we already know the meaning of civic and engagement, if we try to combine these 2 words, we’ll get the word “civic engagement”. Any idea about civic engagement? Anyone from the class? *Very good. Aside from that, civic engagement is affiliated by civil societies. What is Civil Society? *Can anyone give an example of civil society? *refers to the actions performed by an individual or a social group aimed to improve and put in order the living conditions of a community or country * civil society refers to individuals, representatives, or groups that are not part of the state. *Red Cross, Bantay Bata 163, PAWS, etc. *Good. Let us continue. According to Miriam Coronel Ferrer, civil societies differ based on the following: 1st is the type and nature of the organization which talks about the objective and functions performed by an organization. 2nd is the level of organization which talks about the members of the civil society (whether they are individual or group). 3rd is the origin of the organization which refers to who or what started the organization. And lastly, the perspective and ideology. It talks about the underlying ideology, philosophy, culture or religion of the organization espouses *According to UNICEF’s study entitled Youth People’s Civic Engagement in East Asia and the pacific, there are 3 concepts needed to understand civic engagement. Please do enumerate those 3 concepts. *we also have this so-called “non-governmental organization” or the NGO. This is one of the youngest civil society. We also have the ZOTO (Zone One Tondo Organization) and PECCO (Philippine Ecumenical Council for Community Organizing) but they were stunted during the Martial Law of the former president Ferdinand Marcos. In addition to that, we also have the TNA (Transnational Advocacy Networks) that supports international issues. *1st is the knowledge. 2nd is skills, and 3rd is life skills which includes making good decisions ang thinking critically. TEACHER STUDENT *There are also sectors that comprises civil society. Kindly give the first one. *The Media *The media. It serves as the bridge in reporting everyday occurrences, as well as current issues and topics to the masses. Next? *The Church. It spreads teaching based on justice, compassion and helping the poor. Next? *Schools, Colleges, and Universities. It serves a bridge for students to become an active member of civil societies. And last? *The Church *Schools, Colleges, And Universities *Business Organizations *Business Organizations. They help civil societies to as well reduce taxes that they pay. So those are sectors comprising civil societies. *After knowing almost everything about civil society, let me ask you a question. What do you think is the function of civil society? *It balances the power of the state *It exposes the corruption of the government *It encourages citizens to monitor the state’s political activities *It maintains the balance in a democracy. *It can provide opportunities for different sector =s in the society to express individual interest. *It trains the potentials of future leaders of the country. *It aids in sharing important and relevant information with the public. *It moderates the agreements made between the state and other sectors if the society as well. *They observe and monitor the electoral process to ensure that it proceeds fairly and properly. *People with ideologies, origins, customs, or ethnicity are able to live peacefully. *According to the article 8, section 6 of the 1987 constitution, civil society is the strongest sector.