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631 wk 12 paper Final

Week 12 Reflection Paper
Kayla Allen
MSHE 631.50OL Dr. Seher Awan
A survey was generated of 86,600 students at 123 colleges and universities in 24 states.
The data show that 56% of students endured housing insecurity. Also, 30% of student struggles
as their rent increases along with 3% summoned to court for lack of payment (Hattersley-Gray,
2019). 19% of students were reported as homeless in the last year ("AB-302 Parking: homeless
students", 2019). The cases of homelessness happened predominantly at community colleges.
"The harsh reality is that students are already sleeping in their vehicles. When we
do not provide a safe place for students to sleep, we force them into the shadows where
they are most vulnerable. The long term approach is to build more housing, but while we
work to make that a reality, AB 302 is a step that we can take now to ensure that
homeless students have a safe place to sleep at night" (Sheeler, 2019).
2018 Still Hungry and Homeless in College study at Temple University and the
Wisconsin Hope lab conducted surveys of the students (Writers, 2018). 36% of the survey's
respondents claimed to be "food insecure," 36% were "housing insecure", and 9% were homeless
in the past year (Writers, 2018). The expensive cost of higher education can be a significant
factor amongst student homelessness. The National Center of Education Statistics states in the
year 2016- 17; "the net cost of college attendance (the total cost minus financial aid) was
$13,400 for students at public universities, $22,300 for those at private for-profit schools, and
$26,200 for those at private nonprofit schools" (Writers, 2018). Financial grants at community
colleges only cover one-third of the real cost of attendance (Restmeyer, 2018). Although Pell
Grants can be used for a price that is not associated with tuition, the amount only provides less
than a third of average non-tuition expenses, leaving a prominent gap they have to fill
(Restmeyer, 2018). This college report mentioned that community college students are the
majority of the ones facing homelessness and housing insecurity, compared to students enrolled
in four-year institutions (Writers, 2018). Approximately 46% of the community college students
identified as housing insecure, and 12% identified as homeless (Writers, 2018). This number was
derived from a survey including 43,000 participators from 66 various colleges and in 20 states
and also in the District of Columbia (Writers, 2018).
Assembly Bill 302 is a law that would allow homeless students to sleep overnight in a
campus parking lot (Sheeler, 2019). This bill advises the campus to provide emergency grants for
the housing-insecure student. Distribute hotel vouchers through a community or public agency
(Sheeler, 2019). Give "rapid re-housing referral services" to homeless students (Sheeler, 2019).
For the student to receive overnight, students are required to be in good standing with the school
and enrolled in a minimum of 6 units (Hattersley-Gray, 2019). This bill is supported by the
County of Los Angeles Board of Supervisors, the Faculty Association of California Community
Colleges, the California Faculty Association, and numerous other groups (Hattersley-Gray,
Community colleges aren't fond of this new bill because it raises safety and cost concerns
(Sheeler, 2019). Regardless of the bill's amendment, 18 community colleges and their districts
opposed to the bill (Hattersley-Gray, 2019). There were also cities opposed to the bill, such as
Pasadena, La Palma, and Cypress. The Association of California Community College
Administrators opposed to it too. The assembly of people that are opposed to it is concerned
about the issues that the bill may cause. The 18 community colleges are against it due to the
rising cost that this bill will produce. Multiple costly changes need to be considered. For
instance, there will be a need for additional security officers to guard the parking lot (HattersleyGray, 2019). Supplementary infrastructure may be needed to be installed, like campus lighting,
security gates. There are also concerns about if it will be a liability if anyone gets harmed, sick,
or injured (Hattersley-Gray, 2019). The bill also requires "accessible bathroom facilities that are
in reasonable proximity to the parking area or areas" ("AB-302 Parking: homeless students",
2019). Another apprehension is the number of costly grants the school will need to give out.
People that are opposed to the law are concerned about how all those additional accommodations
will fit this in a tight budget.
I am passionate about this issue of college student homelessness because I come from the
inner-city. I understand and empathize with the people in urban areas because I grew up with
them. I know how hard it is coming from a non-wealthy family as a first-generation student. I
understand how hard it is to break the glass ceiling and maintain success when your environment
isn't up-to-par. I was privileged to have someone I can rely on, but some of my friends did not
have that. Many students from low-income families struggle to focus on their education because
of their lack of recourses. I can imagine it would be hard for students to focus if they're hungry,
or financially stress, or don't have a desk or room to come home too. It affects their grades.
The report Hidden in Plain Sight stated that "students experiencing homelessness are 87
percent more likely to drop out of school than their stably housed peers" (Restmeyer, 2018).
More than 1.3 million students are considered homeless in American public schools (Restmeyer,
2018). "Education is key to breaking the cycle of poverty and establishing economic mobility.
It's the only way we can prevent today's homeless children and youth from becoming the next
generation of homeless adults" ("Advocates Set New Goal", 2018). Student homelessness is a
hindrance to students' academic success. A nation-wide study found that homelessness severely
affects mental health and is linked to a higher rate of depression and anxiety. Those problems
can be debilitating for students and cause a lack of focus and lower grades. "CSU students
experiencing homelessness reported having poorer mental and physical health, lower GPAs, and
more academic concerns compared to their housed peers" ("Advocates Set New Goal", 2018).
As an academic leader, there are multiple ways I can help resolve this issue of
homelessness. I am supporting national campaigns such as Education Leads Home and
connecting homeless students with other organizations that would support them ("Advocates Set
New Goal," 2018). Education leads home is a national campaign that focuses specifically on
addressing the needs of 1.3 million homeless students enrolled in America's public schools
(Hattersley-Gray, 2019).
"The campaign, which seeks to focus on homeless students at every stage of
academic development, set three goals for the country: young children experiencing
homelessness will participate in quality early childhood programs at the same rate as
their housed peers by 2026, high school students will reach a graduation rate of 90
percent by 2030, and post-secondary students will reach an attainment rate of 60 percent
by 2034" ("Advocates Set New Goal", 2018).
Supporting causes and foundations that support homeless students and referring them would
be a great way of being an aid to the homeless students. Also, my endeavors of being a chair
member in the Cal State University system can contribute to voting and advocating for the
homeless students.
As an academic leader, I can stay ahead of the climate by educating myself on the new
academic policies. Researching policies that pertain to education is essential. Students wouldn't
benefit from a leader that is completely uninformed about the current educational climate. Being
aware of the amendments and changes and staying up to date with news and social media.
Academic leaders must be mindful of societal information so that we can know how to serve
students better and be able to relate and communicate with them.
AB-302 Parking: homeless students. (2019). Retrieved from
Advocates Set New Goal to Graduate 90 Percent of Homeless Students by 2030, Enroll 60
Percent in College by 2034. (2018, March 5). Retrieved from
Hattersley-Gray, R. (2019, May 7). Opinion: Laws Addressing College Student Homelessness
Must Be Carefully Crafted. Retrieved from
Restmeyer, N. (2018). College Ready, Hungry, and Homeless Speaker's Office of Research and
Floor Analysis July 2018 an Overview of Basic Needs Insecurity In California’s Public
Higher Education System. . Retrieved from
Sheeler, A. (2019, June 25). California community colleges don't want homeless students
sleeping on campus. Retrieved from https://www.sacbee.com/news/politicsgovernment/capitol-alert/article231840828.html.
Tips for Helping Homeless Youth Succeed in College. (2019, October). Retrieved from
Writers, S. (2018, October 30). Student Homelessness and Needs Insecurity Guide. Retrieved
from https://www.bestcolleges.com/resources/homeless-student-guide/.