Name: ___________________________________ Date: _________________ Period: _____ Score: _____ Wave Properties and Sound Summative 1. Which statement BEST describes electromagnetic and mechanical waves? A. Electromagnetic waves and mechanical waves both do not require a medium. B. Mechanical waves require a medium and electromagnetic waves do not. C. Electromagnetic waves require a medium and mechanical waves do not. D. Mechanical waves and electromagnetic waves both require a medium. 2. Which of the following is a similarity between electromagnetic waves and mechanical waves? Both types of wavesA. transfer energy from one point to another C. can only travel through liquids or gases B. require a medium to travel through D. transfers matter over long distances 3. Which type of wave describes the diagram below? A. light B. longitudinal C. mechanical D. transverse 4. Longitudinal waves compress the medium they travel though. What is one example of a longitudinal wave? A. sound wave B. ocean wave C. infrared wave D. ultraviolet wave 5. A new type of energy is discovered that travels as a wave. What would be the BEST question to help you determine if it is an electromagnetic or mechanical wave? A. How far does the wave travel? C. Does the wave transfer energy? B. How fast does the wave travel? D. Does the wave travel in a vacuum? 6. What is represented by the letter B in the diagram below? A. B. C. D. Compressions Diffractions Diffusions Rarefactions 7. Which segment in the diagram below, represents wavelength? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 8. What is the distance shown in the diagram below? A. amplitude B. crest C. trough D. wavelength 9. Which statement BEST describes the relationship between amplitude and energy of a wave? A. As the energy of a wave decreases the amplitude stays the same. B. As the energy of a wave decreases the amplitude increases. C. As the energy of a wave increases the amplitude decreases. D. As energy of a wave increases the amplitude increases. 10. What statement explains the changes from wave A to wave B? A. The energy and amplitude increase B. The energy and amplitude decrease. C. The energy decreases as the amplitude increases. D. The energy increases as the amplitude decreases. 11. Four waves are represented in the image below. Which wave has the greatest energy? A. Wave A B. Wave B C. Wave C D. Wave D 12. The wavelengths of 4 radio waves are shown in the chart. Consider the relationship between wavelength and frequency. Which wave would have the greatest frequency? A. Wave A B. Wave B C. Wave C D. Wave D 13. In a given medium, if the frequency of a wave increases, which of the following will occur? A. the wavelength will increase C. the amplitude will increase B. the wavelength will decrease D. the amplitude will decrease 14. What does the speed of a wave depend on? A. the medium through which it travels B. the source from which it is emitted C. the volume of the wave D. the pitch of the wave 15. What will happen to the frequency of a wave if the wavelength DECREASES? A. it will become 0 B. it will decrease C. it will increase D. it will remain the same 16. What will happen to the amplitude of a wave if the energy of the wave DECREASES? A. it will become 0 B. it will decrease C. it will increase D. it will remain the same 17. What term describes the number of complete waves that pass a given point in a certain amount of time? A. frequency B. speed C. amplitude D. wavelength 18. Which type of wave moves the medium at a right angle (perpendicular) to the direction in which the wave travels? A. surface wave B. transverse wave C. longitudinal wave 19. Which type of wave displaces the particles of the medium parallel to the direction in which the wave travels? A. surface wave B. transverse wave C. longitudinal wave 20. In a longitudinal wave, what is the area called where the particles are close together? A. amplitude rarefaction B. compression C. rarefaction 21. What does the speed of a sound depend on? A. the medium through which it travels B. the source from which it is emitted D. wavelength C. the volume of the sound D. the pitch of the sound 22. The amplitude of a sound’s wave determines the sound’s __________________. A. pitch B. volume C. speed D. frequency 23. Consider the sound waves pictured. Which wave represents the lowest pitch? A. Wave 1 B. Wave 2 C. Wave 3 24. The speed of a wave is affected by the medium through which the wave travels. In which medium would sound travel the slowest? A. air B. water C. steel D. wool 25. Sound is created by________________. A. vibrations B. disturbances in the electric and magnetic fields C. a substance through which a wave moves D. electromagnetic pulses 26. Which unit is used to describe the frequency of a wave? A. decibel (dB) B. hertz (Hz) C. meters per second (m/s) D. wavelength 27. An echo is the result of a ______________________. A. diffracted sound wave B. refracted sound wave C. dispersed sound wave D. reflected sound wave 28. Which unit is used to describe the volume of a wave? A. decibel (dB) B. hertz (Hz) C. meters per second (m/s) D. wavelength 29. The disappearance of a sound wave into a surface is called ___________. A. reflection B. refraction C. absorption D. diffraction 30. The highness or lowness of a sound is its _________. A. Pitch B. Volume C. Frequency D. Amplitude 31. A new sound-generating device is being tested that will send waves through different types of materials. It is tested on a liquid, a solid, and a gas. The device is tested three times on each material. The time it takes for the wave to return recorded for each test. Which statement BEST identifies each material based on the time it takes for sound waves to travel through the material? A. Material 1 is a gas; Material 2 is a liquid; Material 3 is a solid. B. Material 1 is a liquid; Material 2 is a solid; Material 3 is a gas. C. Material 1 is a solid; Material 2 is a gas; Material 3 is a liquid. D. Material 1 is a gas; Material 2 is a solid; Material 3 is a liquid. 32. As a marching band passed by, the beating drums and trumpets made Billy feel like his body was beating with the music. He could hear the music and he could feel it! How would a scientist explain this to Billy? A. Sound waves cannot travel through the air B. Sound waves transmit energy through all forms of matter. C. The marching causes the ground to move which Billy feels D. Sound waves are transmitted faster through gases than through solids. 33. Based on the images seen here, identify which phase of matter would transmit sound waves the fastest, and why? A. The gas would transmit the fastest because the particles move the fastest B. The solid would transmit the fastest because the particles are closest together C. The liquid would transmit the fastest because the particles are the most freely moving D. The gas would transmit the fastest because there are the fewest particles to interfere with the waves 34. A lab group designs an experiment to test which of four identical bottles will produce the sound with the highest pitch when air is blown across the opening at the top. Their initial hypothesis is that the highest pitches are produced when equal amounts of water and air are in the bottle. When blowing air across the tops of the bottles, Bottle 4 produces the sound with the highest pitch. Which would be the BEST hypothesis based on their results? A. The pitch of the sound produced when air is blown across a bottle does not depend on the contents of the bottle but only on the size of the bottle. B. The highest pitches are produced when the total mass of air in the bottle is greater than the total mass of the water in the bottle. C. Sounds with the highest pitch are produced when all air is removed from the bottle. D. The pitch of the sound increases as the amount of air in the bottle decreases. 35. The hammering on a train track is often heard twice by workers farther down the track; first as the sound travels through the steel and second as the sound travels through the air. This suggests which graph is true? A. C. B. D.