Agriculture and fisheries, which rely heavily on weather conditions — either directly or indirectly – are becoming increasingly vulnerable to the effects of climate change (IPCC, 2012). Warmer, wetter weather would be beneficial to some crops. Other crops may be less heat tolerant or suffer from drier circumstances. The overall effect is determined by the crop and its location. Climate change has a variety of effects on agriculture. Climate change is threatening food security in the world. Rising temperatures can reduce desirable crops' yields and encourage pest proliferation. Climate change is already affecting the production of food globally. It is expected to increase the likelihood of food shortages for some vulnerable groups. Heatwaves can limit the growth of crops if they occur during the flowering or fruit set stages. They can also cause wilted plants if their transpiration rates are elevated. Food production in vulnerable places can be maintained, but investments inappropriate agriculture technologies are required right now, because some of the most effective climate change solutions, such as more resilient crop types and livestock breeds, can take up to 20 years to produce. Despite the urgency of our efforts to minimize the effects of climate change, they will have minimal impact over the next 50 years. Past greenhouse gas emissions have already laid the stage for changes during this time period.