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Unit 5 Study Guide

Unit 5 MCQ Test Review
Items to study:
1. Compare the South American revolutions the revolution in
South American Revolution – Revolt of colonies against overseas
king, revolt primarily within whole Latin America: to get
freedom and independence, church gained power after the
French Revolution – Revolt of lower classes within their own
country, fought against the government under King Louis XVI
and European Coalitions: Overthrow King and total regime
charge, church lost their power after the revolution
2. What group of people led the South American revolutions?
In the Americas, revolutions were led by native-born males of
European ancestry (with the exception of French Haiti), who
were able to unite the populace behind the cause of freedom
3. What were common goals of the French and American
Liberty and Equality were at the root of both the American and
French revolutions.
4. What was the Meiji Restoration and how did it impact Japan?
Following the Restoration, Japan saw significant political,
economic and social development throughout the Meiji period.
The reforms undertaken during the reign of the Meiji emperor
led to Japan’s modernization and Westernization paving the
path for it to become a prominent worldwide power.
5. What were major impacts of the Enlightenment?
The Enlightenment aided in the fight against ecclesiastical
abuses, the establishment of science as a source of information,
and the defense of human rights against tyranny. It also brought
us modern education, medicine, republics, and representative
democracy, among other things.
6. What was Liberalism? Goals and impacts?
Liberalism, or the belief in liberty, equality, democracy, and
human rights, has ben linked to intellectuals such as John Locke
and Montesquieu throughout history. Liberals sought and
established a constitutional order that prized important
individual freedoms, such as freedom of speech and freedom of
association; and independent judiciary and public trial by jury:
and the eradication of aristocratic privileges.
7. How did rising nationalism transform nations in Europe and
Nationalism had a crucial role in the development of Europe in
the nineteenth century. By destroying the long-established
institutions of power and control in France and the provinces
gained by Napoleon, the French Revolution played a crucial part
in Europe’s political development.
8. What were the purposes of foot binding (China) and face
painting (Japan)?
Foot-binding lasted so long because it had a clear economic
rationale: it was a technique to ensure that young girls sat still
and helped create items like yarn, fabric, mats, shoes and fishing
nets that families relied on for money – even if the girls were
persuaded it would make them more marriable.
The desire to be attractive has existed since the dawn of time. A
pale skin tone has traditionally been linked with attractiveness
in Japan. Women powdered their faces with a white powder
called oshiroi during the Nara Period (710-94), and a white facial
color remained a symbol of beauty in the Heian Period (7941185)
9. Why was Japan more successful than China in resisting
Japan’s response to Western imperialism was different from
China’s in that it modernized its government, military, and
economy. Since Japan had a more regulated society and
administration, Japan was able to keep its independence better
than China.