# IEOR MCQ

```Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) for TYBMS
1
TM
OPERATIONS RESEARCH
(BMS Third Year : Sixth Semester)
(Core Courses – Compulsory)
NITIN KULKARNI
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Chapter 1
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Introduction to Operations Research
Operations Research Models in which values of all variables and all
possible outcomes are known with certainty are called __________ models.
(a) Physical
(b) Symbolic
(c) Deterministic
(d) Probabilistic
Operations Research Models in which some or all variables are random in
nature are called __________ models.
(a) Physical
(b) Symbolic
(c) Deterministic
(d) Probabilistic
Mean, median and mode are measures of __________.
(a) Central tendency
(b) Dispersion
(c) Probability
__________ and __________ are techniques applied in project management.
(a) CPM and PERT
(b) Assignment and Transportation
(c) Decision theory and Inventory models
Operations Research techniques are __________ in nature.
(a) Qualitative
(b) Judgemental
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
TM
2
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
(c) Approximate
(d) Quantitative
[Ans.: (1 – Deterministic); (2 – Probabilistic); (3 – Central tendency);
(4 – CPM, PERT); (5 – Quantitative)]
Chapter 2
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
Linear Programming - I
__________ are the entities whose values are to be determined from the
solution of the LPP.
(a) Objective function
(b) Decision Variables
(c) Constraints
(d) Opportunity costs
__________ specifies the objective or goal of solving the LPP.
(a) Objective function
(b) Decision Variables
(c) Constraints
(d) Opportunity costs
Objective function is expressed in terms of the __________.
(a) Numbers
(b) Symbols
(c) Decision Variables
__________ are the restrictions or limitations imposed on the LPP.
(a) Variables
(b) Costs
(c) Profits
(d) Constraints
The type of constraint which specifies maximum capacity of a resource is
‘__________ or equal to’ constraint.
(a) Less than
(b) Greater than
(c) Less than or greater than
In linear programming ________ represents mathematical equation of the
limitations imposed by the problem. (April 19)
(a) Objective function
(b) Decision variable
(c) Redundancy
(d) Constraints
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) for TYBMS
3
[Ans.: (1 – Decision variables); (2 – Objective function); (3 – decision
variables); (4 – Constraints); (5 – less than); (6 – Constraints)]
Chapter 3
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
Linear Programming - II
The region of feasible solution in LPP graphical method is called ____.
(a) Infeasible region
(b) Unbounded region
(c) Infinite region
(d) Feasible region
When it is not possible to find solution in LPP, it is called as case of
__________.
(a) Unknown solution
(b) Unbounded solution
(c) Infeasible solution
(d) Improper solution
When the feasible region is such that the value of objective function can
extend to infinity, it is called a case of __________.
(a) Infeasible solution
(b) Alternate optimal
(c) Unbounded solution
(d) Unique solution
When the constraints are a mix of ‘less than’ and ‘greater than’ it is a
problem having __________.
(a) Multiple constraints
(b) Infinite constraints
(c) Infeasible constraints
(d) Mixed constraints
In case of an ‘________’ constraint, the feasible region is a straight line.
(a) less than or equal to
(b) greater than or equal to
(c) mixed
(d) equal to
In linear programming, unbounded solution means ______. (April 19)
(a) Infeasible solution
(b) Degenerate solution
(c) Infinite solutions
(d) Unique solution
[Ans.: (1 – Feasible region); (2 – Infeasible solution); (3 – Unbounded
solution); (4 – Mixed constraints); (5 – equal to); (6 – Infinite solutions)]
TM Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
TM
4
Chapter 4
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Linear Programming - III
The incoming variable column in the simplex algorithm is called
__________.
(a) key column
(b) incoming column
(c) variable column
(d) important column
The outgoing variable row in the simplex algorithm is called __________.
(a) outgoing row
(b) key row
(c) interchanging row
(d) basic row
The intersection value of key column and key row is called _________.
(a) vital element
(b) important element
(c) key element
(d) basic element
The variable added to the LHS of a less than or equal to constraint to
convert it into equality is called __________.
(a) surplus variable
(b) artificial variable
(c) slack variable
A resource which is completely utilized is called __________ in simplex.
(a) null resource
(b) scarce resource
(c) zero resource
(d) abundant resource
A resource which is partially utilized is called __________ in simplex.
(a) surplus resource
(b) extra resource
(c) available resource
(d) abundant resource
The value of one extra unit of resource is called __________ in simplex.
(a) unit price
(b) extra price
(c) retail price
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) for TYBMS
(8)
In simplex, a maximization problem is optimal when all Delta J, i.e.
Cj – Zj values are __________.
(a) Either zero or positive
(b) Either zero or negative
(c) Only positive
(d) Only negative
[Ans.: (1 – key column); (2 – key row); (3 – key element); (4 – slack variable);
(5 – scarce resource); (6 – abundant resource); (7 – Shadow price); (8 – Either
zero or negative)]
Chapter 5
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
5
Transportation Problems
To find initial feasible solution of a transportation problem the method
which starts allocation from the lowest cost is called ________ method.
(a) north west corner
(b) least cost
(c) south east corner
(d) Vogel’s approximation
In a transportation problem, the method of penalties is called __________
method.
(a) least cost
(b) south east corner
(c) Vogel’s approximation
(d) north west corner
When the total of allocations of a transportation problem match with
supply and demand values, the solution is called __________ solution.
(a) non-degenerate
(b) degenerate
(c) feasible
(d) infeasible
When the allocations of a transportation problem satisfy the rim condition
(m + n – 1) the solution is called __________ solution.
(a) degenerate
(b) infeasible
(c) unbounded
(d) non-degenerate
When there is a degeneracy in the transportation problem, we add an
imaginary allocation called __________ in the solution.
(a) dummy
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
TM
6
(6)
(7)
(b) penalty
(c) epsilon
(d) regret
If M + N – 1 = Number of allocations in transportation, it means _________.
(Where ‘M’ is number of rows and ‘N’ is number of columns)
(a) There is no degeneracy
(b) Problem is unbalanced
(c) Problem is degenerate
(d) Solution is optimal
Which of the following considers difference between two least costs for
each row and column while finding initial basic feasible solution in
transportation?
(a) North west corner rule
(b) Least cost method
(c) Vogel’s approximation method
(d) Row minima method
[Ans.: (1 – least cost); (2 – Vogel’s approximation); (3 – feasible);
(4 – non-degenerate); (5 – epsilon); (6 – There is no degeneracy); (7 – Vogel’s
approximation method)]
Chapter 6
(1)
(2)
(3)
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Assignment Problems
If the number of rows and columns in an assignment problem are not equal
than it is called __________ problem.
(a) prohibited
(b) infeasible
(c) unbounded
(d) unbalanced
The method of solution of assignment problems is called __________
method.
(a) NWCR
(b) VAM
(c) LCM
(d) Hungarian
When a maximization assignment problem is converted in minimization
problem, the resulting matrix is called __________.
(a) Cost matrix
(b) Profit matrix
(c) Regret matrix
(d) Dummy matrix
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) for TYBMS
(4)
(5)
(6)
The extra row or column which is added to balance an assignment problem
is called __________.
(a) regret
(b) epsilon
(c) dummy
(d) extra
When a particular assignment in the given problem is not possible or
restricted as a condition, it is called a __________ problem.
(a) infeasible
(b) degenerate
(c) unbalanced
(d) prohibited
If in an assignment problem, number of rows is not equal to number of
columns then __________.
(a) Problem is degenerate
(b) Problem is unbalanced
(c) It is a maximization problem
(d) Optimal solution is not possible
[Ans.: (1 – unbalanced); (2 – Hungarian); (3 – Regret matrix);
(4 – Dummy); (5 – Prohibited); (6 – Problem is unbalanced)]
Chapter 7
(1)
(2)
(3)
7
Network Analysis - I
The longest path in the network diagram is called __________ path.
(a) best
(b) worst
(c) sub-critical
(d) critical
The second longest path in the network diagram is called __________ path.
(a) alternate
(b) feasible
(c) sub-critical
(d) critical
Forward pass calculations are done to find __________ occurrence times of
events.
(a) exact
(b) earliest
(c) latest
(d) approximate
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
TM
8
(4)
(5)
(6)
Backward pass calculations are done to find __________ occurrence times of
events.
(a) tentative
(b) definite
(c) latest
(d) earliest
An activity whose start or end cannot be delayed without affecting total
project completion time is called __________ activity.
(a) dummy
(b) non-critical
(c) critical
(d) important
Floats for critical activities will be always _________. (April 19)
(a) one
(b) zero
(c) highest
(d) same as duration of the activity
[Ans.: (1 – Critical); (2 – Sub-critical); (3 – earliest); (4 – latest);
(5 – critical); (6 – Zero)]
Chapter 8
(1)
(2)
(3)
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Network Analysis - II
The two types of costs involved in project crashing are __________ and
__________ costs.
(a) direct and indirect
(b) total and partial
(c) visible and invisible
(d) measurable and non-measurable
In project crashing, rent and overheads are treated as __________ costs.
(a) significant
(b) insignificant
(c) direct
(d) indirect
In project crashing, the costs associated with actual activities (e.g.
manpower, materials, machinery etc.) are called __________ costs.
(a) visible
(b) measurable
(c) direct
(d) indirect
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) for TYBMS
(4)
(5)
In project crashing, as we systematically crash the project, direct cost of
project __________ and indirect cost of project __________.
(a) increases - decreases
(b) decreases - increases
(c) increases - remains same
(d) remain same - decreases
In project crashing, as we systematically crash the project, total project cost
initially __________ and after the optimal point, it __________.
(a) increases - decreases
(b) decreases - increases
(c) remains same - decreases
(d) decreases - remains same
[Ans.: (1 – direct, indirect); (2 – indirect); (3 – direct); (4 – increases,
decreases); (5 – decreases, increases)]
Chapter 9
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
9
Network Analysis - III
The shortest possible completion time of an activity in PERT is called
__________ time.
(a) pessimistic
(b) optimistic
(c) most likely
(d) expected
The longest possible completion time of an activity in PERT is called
__________ time.
(a) expected
(b) most likely
(c) pessimistic
(d) optimistic
a + 4m + b
In PERT, the time estimate calculated by using formula 
6

 is
called __________ time.
(a) optimistic
(b) pessimistic
(c) most likely
(d) expected
In PERT, the expected project completion time is also called as __________
project completion time.
(a) average
(b) normal
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
TM
10
(c)
(d)
(5)
(6)
mean
critical
Fill in the blanks with ‘&lt;’ or ‘&gt;’ sign as applicable a
(2)
(3)
(4)
m
b
(a) &lt;, &gt;
(b) &gt;, &lt;
(c) &gt;, &gt;
(d) &lt;, &lt;
The maximum time in which an activity will be completed assuming all
possible delays and postponements is termed as ___________.
(a) optimistic time
(b) most likely time
(c) pessimistic time
(d) expected time
[Ans.: (1 – optimistic); (2 – pessimistic); (3 – expected); (4 – mean);
(5 – &lt;, &lt;); (6 – pessimistic time)]
Chapter 10
(1)
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Job Sequencing Problems
The time required by each job on each machine is called __________ time.
(a) elapsed
(b) idle
(c) processing
(d) average
The order in which machines are required for completing the jobs is called
__________.
(a) machines order
(b) working order
(c) processing order
(d) job order
The time between the starting of the first job and completion of the last job
in sequencing problems is called __________.
(a) total time
(b) assignment time
(c) elapsed time
(d) idle time
The time during which a machine remains waiting or vacant in sequencing
problem is called __________ time.
(a) processing
(b) waiting
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) for TYBMS
(5)
(6)
(c) idle
(d) free
In sequencing problem, the order of completion of jobs is called
__________.
(a) completion sequence
(b) job sequence
(c) processing order
(d) job order
The total time required to complete all the jobs in a job sequencing problem
is known as ___________.
(a) idle time
(b) processing time
(c) elapsed time
(d) processing order
[Ans.: (1 – processing); (2 – processing order); (3 – elapsed time); (4 – idle);
(5 – job sequence); (6 – elapsed time)]
Chapter 11
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
11
Theory of Games
The participants in a game are called __________.
(a) clients
(b) members
(c) customers
(d) players
A game having more than two players is called __________ game.
(a) multi-person
(b) many person
(c) n-person
(d) unknown person
The outcome of the interaction of selected strategies of opponents in a game
is called __________.
(a) income
(b) profit
(c) payoff
(d) gains
In a game, the alternatives or courses of action available to each player are
called __________.
(a) options
(b) choices
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
TM
12
(5)
(6)
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
(c) actions
(d) strategies
A situation in a game where, in the payoff matrix, maximin of row is equal
to minimax of column is called __________.
(a) centre point
(b) main point
(d) equal point
The various alternatives or courses of actions available to each player in a
game are called as __________.
(b) strategies
(c) pay-off
(d) ‘n’ player game
[Ans.: (1 – players); (2 – n-person); (3 – payoff); (4 – strategies); (5 – saddle
point); (6 – strategies)]
TM
Operations Research (BMS) by Nitin Kulkarni
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS ON MANAGEMENT SCIENCE
1. The term “Operation Research” was coined by :
a. Mc Closky and Trefthen
b. Arthur Clark
c. Churchman, Ackoff and Arnoff
d. George B Dantzig
2. Management Science came into existence in a ................... context.
c. Military
d. Religious
3. By the beginning of ........................., the industries in USA realised the importance of
Management Science in solving business and management problems.
a. 1930s
b. 1940s
c. 1950s
d. 1960s
4. In India, Operations Research came into existence in the year ..............
a. 1940
b. 1947
c. 1949
d. 1950
5. In India, first Operations Research unit was set up at .................................
b. Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkotha
c. Indian Institute of Science and Technology, Bengaluru
d. Indian Institute of Science and Technology, Mohali
6. In India, first Operations Research application was made by ...........................
a. Pranab K Sen
b. Prof. Mahalonobis
c. Samarendra Nath Roy
7. Operations Research Society of India was formed in the year ..................
a. 1950
b. 1955
c. 1957
d. 1960
8. Who defined Operations Research as “the art of giving bad answers to problems which
a. H M Wagner
b. H A Taha
c. T L Saaty
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
d. Arthur Clark
.................... defined Operations Research as “the art of winning wars without actually
fighting.”
a. H M Wagner
b. H A Taha
c. T L Saaty
d. Arthur Clark
Operations Research is a very powerful tool for ........................
a. Operations
b. Research
c. Decision making
d. None of these
Who defined Operations Research as scientific approach to problem solving for executive
management.
a. E L Arnoff
b. H M Wagner
c. Churchman
d. None of these
The term “Operations Research” was coined in the year ...................
a. 1930
b. 1940
c. 1950
d. 1960
The innovative science of Operations Research was discovered during ......................
a. Civil war
b. World war I
c. World war II
d. Industrial Revolution
Operations Research has the characteristic that it is done by a team of .....................
a. Scientists
b. Mathematicians
d. Politicians
Operations Research emphasises on the overall approach to the system. This characteristic
of Operations Research is often referred to as .................................
a. System orientation
b. System approach
c. Inter-disciplinary
d. Team approach
Operations Research cannot give perfect .................. to the problem.
b. Solutions
c. Both a and b
d. Decisions
17. ............................ models involve the allocation of resources to activities in such a way that
some measure of effectiveness is optimised.
a. Sequencing
b. Allocation
c. Queuing theory
d. Decision theory
18. In .................. models, everything is defined and the results are certain.
a. Probabilistic
b. Deterministic
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
19. ......................... models involve more risks and uncertainties.
a. Probabilistic
b. Deterministic
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
20. .......................... models are obtained by enlarging or reducing the size of the items.
a. Iconic models
b. Analogue models
c. Symbolic models
d. None of these
21. The word .................. may be defined as some actions that we apply to some problems or
hypothesis.
a. Research
b. Operations
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
22. ......................are representations of reality.
a. Phases
b. Models
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
23. .........................are called mathematical models.
a. Iconic models
b. Symbolic models
c. Analogue models
d. None of these
24. Probabilistic models are also called ...........................
a. Deterministic models
b. Dynamic models
c. Stochastic models
d. None of these
25. ........................ models assume that the values of the variables do not change with time
during a particular period.
a. Dynamic
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
b. Static
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
.......................models consider time as one of the important variable.
a. Dynamic
b. Static
c. Botha and b
d. None of these
........................may be defined as a method of determining an optimal program of
interdependent activities in view of available resources.
a. Goal programming
b. Linear programming
c. Decision making
d. None of these
..................... are expressed in the form of equations
a. Objectives
b. Constraints
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
If there are more than one optimal solutions for the decision variables, the solution is ...........
a. Infeasible
b. Unbounded
c. Alternative
d. None of these
Dual of the dual s a ..........................
a. Dual
b. Primal
c. Alternative
d. None of these
The quantitative approach to decision analysis is a ..........................
a. Logical approach
b. Rational approach
c. Scientific approach
d. All of the above
A model is a ...........................
a. An essence of reality
b. An approximation
c. An idealisation
d. All of the above
The dummy source/destination in a transportation problem is added to ........................
a. Satisfy rim constraints
b. Prevent solution from becoming degenerate
c. Ensure total cost does not exceed a limit
d. None of the above
34. The solution to a transportation problem with ‘m’ rows and ‘n’ columns is feasible if the
number of positive allocations are:
a. m + n
b. m x n
c. m +n – 1
d. m +n + 1
35. The method used for solving an assignment problem is:
a. Reduced matrix method
b. MODI method
c. Hungarian method
d. None of these
36. An assignment problem can be solved by .........................
a. Simplex method
b. Transportation method
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
37. For salesman who has to visit ‘n’ cities, which of the following are the ways of his tour plans:
a. n !
b. (n+1) !
c. (n-1) !
d. n
38. The assignment problem is:
a. Requires that only one activity be assigned to each resource
b. Is a special case of transportation problem
c. Can be used to maximise resource
d. All the above
39. The Hungarian method for solving an assignment problem can also be used to solve:
a. A transportation problem
b. A travelling salesman problem
c. A linear programming problem
d. Both a and b
40. All the parameters in the linear programming model are assumed to be .....................
a. Variables
b. Constraints
c. Functions
d. None of these
41. Graphic method can be applied to solve a liner programming problem when there are only
........................... variables
a. A one
b. Two
c. Three
d. More than three
42. If the feasible region of a linear programming problem is empty, the solution is ....................
a. Unbounded
b. Infeasible
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
c. Infeasible
d. Alternative
The variables whose coefficient vectors are unit vectors, are called ......................
a. Unit variables
b. Basic variables
c. Non-basic variables
d. None of these
Any column or row of a simplex table is known as .........................
a. Key column
b. Key row
c. Vector
d. None of these
.................... is considered as the pioneer of Linear Programming Technique.
a. churchman
b. D W Miller
c. James Lundy
d. George B Dantzig
A minimisation problem can be connected into maximisation problem by changing the signs
of coefficients in the ...........................
a. Constraints
b. Objectives
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
In an LPP, if the solution of a variable can be made infinitely large without violating the
constraints, then the solution is ..............................
a. Infeasible
b. Alternative
c. Unbounded
d. Unique
In maximisation cases, ....................... are assigned to the artificial variables as their
coefficients in the objective function.
a. + m
b. – m
c. 0
d. None of these
In simplex method, we add .......................... in the case of constraints with sign “=”
a. Surplus variable
b. Artificial variable
c. Slack variable
d. None of these
In simplex method, ........................ should be selected when there is tie between
slack/surplus variable and decision variable.
a. Slack variable
b. Decision variable
c. Surplus variable
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
d. None of these
When at least one of the basic variables is zero, then the basic feasible solution to a Linear
Programming Problem is said to be ..............................
a. Infeasible
b. Unbounded
c. Degenerate
d. Non-degenerate
In Linear Programming Problem, degeneracy occurs in ................. stages.
a. One
b. Two
c. Three
d. Four
Every Linear Programming Problem is related to another Linear Programming Problem,
called ..........................
a. Primal
b. Dual
c. Non-linear Programming
d. None of these
In a maximisation assignment problem, the objective is to maximise .............................
a. Profit
b. Cost
c. Optimisation
d. None of these
Operations Research does not give perfect solution to a problem, but it helps to improve the
......................... of the solution.
a. Quality
b. Clarity
c. Look
d. None of these
Operations Research makes a ...................... attack on complex problems to arrive at optimal
solution.
a. Scientific
b. Systematic
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
Operations Research uses models to help the management in determining its ....................
scientifically.
a. Policies
b. Actions
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
Operations Research is a ................................
a. Science
b. Art
c. Both a and b
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
d. None of these
......................... deals with making sound decisions under conditions of certainty, risk and
uncertainty.
a. Game theory
b. Network analysis
c. Decision theory
d. None of these
....................... deals with the concepts such as critical path, float, events, etc.
a. Game theory
b. Decision theory
c. Queuing theory
d. Network analysis
............................... is used to imitate an operation prior to actual performance.
a. Inventory control
b. Simulation
c. Game theory
d. Integrated Production Model
............................... is concerned with determination of the most economic replacement
policy.
a. Probabilistic programming
b. Linear programming
c. Search theory
d. Replacement theory
The O R technique which helps in minimising total waiting and service cost is:
a. Game theory
b. Queuing theory
c. Both a and b
d. Decision theory
Linear Programming technique is a:
a. Constrained optimisation technique
b. Technique for economic allocation of resources
c. Mathematical technique
d. All of the above
A constraint in a Linear Programming Model restricts:
a. Value of objective function
b. Value of decision variable
c. Use of available resources
d. All of the above
Before formulating a formal L P model, it is better to:
a. Verbally identify decision variables
b. Express the objective function in words
c. Express each constraint in words
d. All of the above
Linear Programming Technique helps to find an optimal use of:
a. Machine
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
b. Money
c. Manpower
d. All of the above
Which of the followings is an assumption of Linear Programming Technique?
a. Divisibility
c. Proportionality
d. All of the above
Which of the following is true with regard to a Linear Programming Model?
a. No guarantee to get integer valued solution
b. The relationship among decision variables is liner
c. Both a and b
d. None of the these
The graphical method if LPP uses:
a. Linear equations
b. Constraint equations
c. Objective function
d. All of the above
Constraints in an LPP are treated as active, if they:
a. Do not consume all the available resources at optimality
b. Represent optimal solution
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
While solving a LPP graphically, the area bounded by constraints is called .................
a. Feasible region
b. Infeasible region
c. Unbounded region
d. None of these
While solving an LPP, infeasibility may be removed by:
a. Removing a variable
b. Removing a constraint
........................variables are fictitious and cannot have any physical meaning.
a. Slack variables
b. Surplus variables
c. Artificial variables
d. Decision variables
An optimal solution is considered as the ................... among the feasible solutions.
a. Worst
b. Best
c. Ineffective
d. None of these
........................... method is used to solve an assignment problem.
a. American method
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
b. Hungarian method
c. German method
d. British method
The allocated cells in the transportation table are called ..............................
a. Occupied cells
b. Empty cells
c. Unoccupied cells
d. None of these
In transportation Problems, VAM stands for .........................
b. Vogel’s Approximation Method
c. Virgenean Approximation Method
d. None of these
Initial feasible solution to a transportation Problem can be found out by .........................
a. VAM
b. MODI Method
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
........................ is applied to determine optimal solution.
a. NWCR
b. VAM
c. MODI Method
d. None of these
A Transportation Problem is said to be unbalanced when total supply is not equal to ............
a. Total cost
b. Total demand
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
For a minimisation Transportation Problem, the objective is to minimise:
a. Profit
b. Cost
c. Solution
d. None of these
....................... is an important Operations Research Technique to analyse the queuing
behaviour.
a. Game theory
b. Waiting line theory
c. Decision theory
d. Simulation
An organisation chart is an example of ...........................
a. Iconic model
b. Mathematical model
c. Analogue model
d. None of these
85. ........................ model is a map which indicates roads, highways, towns and interrelationships
a. Iconic model
b. Analogue model
c. Mathematical model
d. None of these
86. Operations Research techniques help to find ................... solution.
a. Feasible solution
b. Infeasible solution
c. Optimal solution
d. None of these
87. Operations Research Techniques involves ..................... approach.
a. Team approach
b. Critical approach
c. Individual approach
d. None of these
88. A LPP model doesnot contain:
a. Decision
b. Constraints
c. Feasible solution
89. Straight lines shown in a linear programming graph indicates ...........................
a. Objective function
b. Constraints
c. Points
d. All of the above
90. Non-negativity constraints are written as ......................
a. Equality
b. Non-equality
c. Greater than or equal to
d. Less than or equal to
91. PERT stand for:
a. Performance Evaluation Review Technique
b. Programme Evaluation Review Technique
c. Programme Evaluation Research Technique
d. None of these
92. An activity which must be completed before commencement of one or more other activities
is called.................................
a. Successor activity
b. Predecessor activity
c. Dummy activity
d. None of these
93. In network diagram, events are commonly represented by .........................
a. Arrows
b. Nodes
c. Triangles
d. None of these
94. ......................... is activity oriented network diagram.
a. CPM
b. PERT
c. Histogram
d. Ogive
95. ................... is an event oriented network diagram.
a. CPM
b. PERT
c. Histogram
d. Ogive
96. An activity which does not consume either resource or time is called .............................
a. Predecessor activity
b. Successor activity
c. Dummy activity
d. Terminal activity
97. ......................... is a series of activities related to a project.
a. Network
b. Transportation Model
c. Assignment model
d. None of these
98. An event which represents the beginning of more than one activity is a :
a. Merge event
b. Net event
c. Burst event
d. None of these
99. Activities lying on critical path are called ............................
a. Critical activities
b. Non-critical activities
c. Dummy activities
d. None of these
100. Activities that cannot be started until one or more of the other activities are completed, are
called..........................................
a. Dummy activities
b. Initial activities
c. Successor activities
d. Predecessor activities
101. ............................ is the sequence of activities which determines the total project duration.
a. Critical path
b. Network
c. Non-critical activities
d. None of these
102. PERT emphasises on ...........................
a. Activity
b. Time
c. Cost
d. None of these
103. ..................... is the duration by which an activity can be delayed without delaying the
completion of the project.
a. Earliest Start Time
b. Earliest Finish Time
c. Latest Start Time
d. Latest Finish Time
104. The EST + activity duration = ..............................
a. Earliest Finish Time
b. Latest Start Time
c. Latest Finish Time
d. None of these
105. ............................ is the latest time by which an activity can be finished without delaying the
completion of the project.
a. LST
b. LFT
c. EFT
d. EST
106. ......................... is a scheme or design of something intended to do.
a. Network
b. Float
c. Project
d. Program
107. In a network diagram, activity is denoted by ............................
a. Node
b. Arrow
c. Triangle
d. None of these
108. .......................... is the duration by which an activity can be delayed without delaying the
project.
a. Slack
b. Total float
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
109. The maximise criteria is ...........................
a. Optimistic
b. Pessimistic
c. Neutral
d. None of these
110. Decision making under certainty refers to .............................. situation.
a. Deterministic
b. Probabilistic
c. Competitive
d. None of these
111. ............................is known as father of game theory.
a. Von Neumann
b. A K Erlang
c. George b Dantzig
d. Arnoff
112. Which of the following is an assumption of game theory?
a. The players act rationally and intelligently
b. Each payer has a finite set of possible courses of action
c. The players attempt to maximise gains or minimises losses
d. All of the above
113. Each participant of the game is called...................
a. Strategist
b. Winner
c. Player
d. Loser
114. The outcome of a game is known as....................
a. Profit
b. Loss
c. Pay off
d. None of these
115. A matrix which shows the gains and losses resulting from moves and counter moves is
called..................................
a. Cost matrix
b. Pay off matrix
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
116. When all the players of the game follow their optimal strategies, then the expected pay off
of the game is called.......................
a. Gain of the game
b. Loss of the game
c. Value of the game
d. None of these
117. The position in the pay off matrix where the maximin coincides with the minimax.
b. Break even point
c. Pivot point
d. None of the above
118. A game is said to be fair if the value of the game is.........................
a. One
b. Two
c. Three
d. Zero
119. In a ........................game the amounts won by all winners together is equal to the sum of the
amounts lost by all losers together.
a. Non-zero sum game
b. Zero sum game
c. Rectangular game
d. None of these
120. Which of the following method is used to solve mixed strategy problems:
a. Probability method
b. Graphic method
c. Linear Programming method
d. All of the above
121. A queue is formed when the demand for a service:
a. Exceeds the capacity to provide that service
b. Is less than the capacity to provide that service
c. a or b
d. None of these
122. Queuing theory is also termed as ............................
a. Game theory
b. Replacement theory
c. Waiting line theory
d. None of these
123. In queuing theory, ...................... refers to those waiting in a queue or receiving service.
a. Service provider
b. Customer
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
124. In queuing theory, ...................... is a person by whom service is rendered.
a. Customer
b. Server
c. a or b
d. none of these
125. In waiting line theory, number of customers waiting in the queue is referred to as ................
a. Traffic intensity
b. Queuing system
c. Service pattern
d. Queue length
126. Number of customers in the queue per unit of time is called ......................
a. Queuing system
b. Length of queue
c. Average length of queue
d. None of these
127. The ration between mean arrival rate and mean service rate is called ...................
a. Idle period
b. Average length of queue
c. Traffic intensity
d. None of these
128. Commonly assumed probability distribution of arrival pattern is .......................
a. Poisson distribution
b. Binomial distribution
c. Normal distribution
d. None of these
129. Commonly assumed probability distribution of service pattern are .......................
a. Poisson distribution
b. Exponential distribution
c. Erlang distribution
d. b and c
130. a customer’s behaviour of leaving the queue when he does not like to wait in the queue due
to lack of time or space is called .....................
a. Jockying
b. Reneging
c. Collusion
d. Balking
131. A customer’s behaviour of leaving the queue due to impatience is called .......................
a. Jockying
b. Reneging
c. Collusion
d. Balking
132. A customer’s behaviour of jumping from one queue to another is called ............................
a. Jockying
b. Reneging
c. Collusion
d. Balking
133. In queuing theory, ............................ stands for mean arrival rate of customers.
a.
b.
c.
d.
μ
λ
t
none of these
134. In queuing theory, ............................ stands for mean service rate.
a. μ
b. λ
c. t
d. none of these
135. ...................... is a method of analysing the current movement of the some variable
in an effort to predict the future movement of the same variable.
a. Goal programming
b. Queuing theory
c. Markov Analysis
d. Replacement theory
136. In queuing theory, FCFS stand for ..............................
a. First Cum First Served
b. First Customer Fist Served
c. Fast Channel First Served
137. Initial feasible solution to a transportation problem arrived through which of the following
method is very near to the optimal solution:
a. NWCM
b. LCM
c. VAM
d. None of these
138. In Transportation Problem, NWCM stands for .............................
a. North West Cost Method
b. Net Worth Corner Method
c. North West Corner Method
d. None of these
139. In Transportation Problem, LCM stands for .............................
a. Lowest Common Multiplier
b. Least Cost Method
c. Lowest Cell Method
d. None of these
140. Matrix Minima Method to find initial feasible solution to a TP is also called .......................
a. NWCM
b. LCM
c. VAM
d. None of these
141. MODI Method to test the optimality of a feasible solution to TP is also called...............
a. Stepping Stone Method
b. u. v. Method
c. both a and b
d. none of these
142. ............................refers to the manner in which the customers behave while being in the
queue.
a. Service pattern
b. Service pattern
c. Queue discipline
d. None of these
143. Excess of service facilities over and above the number of customers results:
a. Idleness of service capacity
b. Queues
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
144. ................................was the first person who developed a viable queueing theory
a. Von Neumann
b. Morgenstern
c. H M Wagner
d. Simeon Dennis Poisson
145. Traffic intensity in Queuing Theory is also called...........................
a. Service factor
b. Arrival factor
c. Utilisation factor
d. None of these
146. Traffic intensity is computed by using the formula:
a. λ/μ
b. μ/λ
c. 1- λ/μ
d. 1- μ/λ
147. Game theory became popular when the book “Theory of Games and Economic Behaviour”
was published in 1944 by ..............................
a. Von Neumann
b. Mc Closky
c. Von-Neumann and Mc Closky
d. Von-neumann and Morgenstern
148. Which of the following is a characteristic of a dual problem:
a. Dual of a dual is primal
b. If dual has a finite optimal solution, then the primal also has finite optimal solution
c. If dual has no feasible solution, then the primal also has no feasible solution
d. All of the above
149. Shadow price is also called ......................
a. Dual price
b. Unit price
c. Total cost
d. None of these
150. ................................is that element of the simplex table which lis both in the key row and
key column.
a. Key element
b. Pivot element
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
151. Transportation model was first introduced by ........................ in the year 1941.
a. T C Koopman
b. George B Dantzig
c. Von-neumann
d. F L Hitchcock
152. VAM is also called........................
a. Matrix Minima Method
b. Penalty Method
c. MODI Method
d. None of these
153. Which of the following methods is used to solve an assignment problem:
a. Enumeration Method
b. Hungarian Method
c. Simplex Method
d. All of the above
154. Hungarian method was developed by ........................
a. T C Koopman
b. F L Hitchcock
c. D Konig
d. George B Dantzig
155. .................... is the popular method for solving an assignment problem.
a. Hungarian Method
b. Enumeration Method
c. Simplex Method
d. None of the above
156. The outlet where the services are being provided to the customers is called.................
a. Waiting line
b. Service facility
c. Idle facility
d. Traffic intensity
157. The variables which can be manipulated by the decision maker are called....................
a. Controllable variables
b. Uncontrollable variables
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
158. The variables which cannot be manipulated by the decision maker are called....................
a. Controllable variables
b. Uncontrollable variables
c. Both a and b
d. None of these
159. Controllable variables are also called..................................
a. Slack variables
b. Surplus variables
c. Artificial variable
d. Decision variables
160. If a simplex table shows the values 2, -3, 0 against “θ”, which should be taken as the
replacement ratio.
a. 2
b. -3
c. 0
d. None of these
***
1:a
2:c
3:c
4:c
5:a
6:b
7:c
8:c
9:d
10 : c
11 : b
12 : b
13 : c
14 : a
15 : d
16 : c
17 : b
18 : b
19 : a
20 : a
21 : b
22 : b
23 : b
24 : c
25 : b
26 : a
27 : b
28 : b
29 : c
30 : b
31 : c
32 : d
33 : a
34 : c
35 : c
36 : c
37 : c
38 : d
39 : b
40 : b
41 : b
42 : b
43 : b
44 : c
45 : d
46 : b
47 : c
48 : a
49 : b
50 : b
51 : c
52 : b
53 : b
54 : a
55 : a
56 : c
57 : c
58 : c
59 : c
60 : d
61 : b
62 : d
63 : b
64 : d
65 : d
66 : d
67 : d
68 : d
69 : d
70 : d
71 : b
72 : a
73 : b
74 : c
75 : b
76 : b
77 : a
78 : b
79 : a
80 : c
81 : b
82 : b
83 : b
84 : c
85 : b
86 : c
87 : c
88 : d
89 : b
90 : c
91 : b
92 : b
93 : b
94 : a
95 : b
96 : c
97 : a
98 : c
99 : a
100 : c
101 : a
102 : b
103 : c
104 : a
105 : b
106 : a
107 : b
108 : b
109 : b
110 : a
111 : a
112 : d
113 : c
114 : c
115 : b
116 : c
117 : a
118 : d
119 : b
120 : d
121 : a
122 : c
123 : b
124 : b
125 : d
126 : c
127 : c
128 : a
129 : d
130 : d
131 : b
132 : a
133 : b
134 : a
135 : c
136 : a
137 : c
138 : c
139 : b
140 : c
141 : b
142 : c
143 : a
144 : d
145 : c
146 : a
147 : d
148 : d
149 : a
150 : c
151 : d
152 : b
153 : d
154 : c
155 : a
156 : b
157 : a
158 : b
159 : d
160 : c
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
DECISION SCIENCE
1. Decision Science approach is
a. Multi-disciplinary
b. Scientific
c. Intuitive
d. All of the above
2. For analyzing a problem, decision-makers should study
a. Its qualitative aspects
b. Its quantitative aspects
c. Both a &amp; b
d. Neither a nor b
3. Decision variables are
a. Controllable
b. Uncontrollable
c. Parameters
d. None of the above
4. A model is
a. An essence of reality
b. An approximation
c. An idealization
d. All of the above
5. Managerial decisions are based on
a. An evaluation of quantitative data
b. The use of qualitative factors
c. Results generated by formal models
d. All of the above
6. The use of decision models
a. Is possible when the variables value is known
b. Reduces the scope of judgement &amp; intuition known with certainty in decision-making
c. Require the use of computer software
d. None of the above
7. Every mathematical model
a. Must be deterministic
b. Requires computer aid for its solution
c. Represents data in numerical form
d. All of the above
8. A physical model is example of
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
a. An iconic model
b. An analogue model
c. A verbal model
d. A mathematical model
An optimization model
a. Provides the best decision
b. Provides decision within its limited context
c. Helps in evaluating various alternatives
d. All of the above
The quantitative approach to decision analysis is a
a. Logical approach
b. Rational approach
c. Scientific approach
d. All of the above
The qualitative approach to decision analysis relies on
a. Experience
b. Judgement
c. Intuition
d. All of the above
The mathematical model of an LP problem is important because
a. It helps in converting the verbal description &amp; numerical data into mathematical expression
b. Decision-makers prefer to work with formal models
c. It captures the relevant relationship among decision factors
d. It enables the use of algebraic technique
Linear programming is a
a. Constrained optimization technique
b. Technique for economic allocation of limited resources
c. Mathematical technique
d. All of the above
A constraint in an LP model restricts
a. Value of objective function
b. Value of a decision variable
c. Use of the available resources
d. All of the above
The distinguishing feature of an LP model is
a. Relationship among all variables is linear
b. It has single objective function &amp; constraints
c. Value of decision variables is non-negative
d. All of the above
Constraints in an LP model represents
a. Limitations
b. Requirements
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
c. Balancing limitations &amp; requirements
d. All of the above
Non-negativity condition is an important component of LP model because
a. Variables value should remain under the control of the decision-maker
b. Value of variables make sense &amp; correspond to real-world problems
c. Variables are interrelated in terms of limited resources
d. None of the above
Before formulating a formal LP model, it is better to
a. Express each constrain in words
b. Express the objective function in words
c. Verbally identify decision variables
d. All of the above
Maximization of objective function in an LP model means
a. Value occurs at allowable set of decisions
b. Highest value is chosen among allowable decisions
c. Neither of above
d. Both a &amp; b
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the LP model
a. Alternative courses of action
b. An objective function of maximization type
c. Limited amount of resources
d. Non-negativity condition on the value of decision variables.
The best use of linear programming technique is to find an optimal use of
a. Money
b. Manpower
c. Machine
d. All of the above
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the LP
a. Resources must be limited
b. Only one objective function
c. Parameters value remains constant during the planning period
d. The problem must be of minimization type
Non-negativity condition in an LP model implies
a. A positive coefficient of variables in objective function
b. A positive coefficient of variables in any constraint
c. Non-negative value of resources
d. None of the above
Which of the following is an assumption of an LP model
a. Divisibility
b. Proportionality
d. All of the above
25. Which of the following is a limitation associated with an LP model
a. The relationship among decision variables in linear
b. No guarantee to get integer valued solutions
c. No consideration of effect of time &amp; uncertainty on LP model
d. All of the above
26. The graphical method of LP problem uses
a. Objective function equation
b. Constraint equations
c. Linear equations
d. All of the above
27. A feasible solution to an LP problem
a. Must satisfy all of the problem’s constraints simultaneously
b. Need not satisfy all of the constraints, only some of them
c. Must be a corner point of the feasible region
d. Must optimize the value of the objective function
28. Which of the following statements is true with respect to the optimal solution of an LP problem
a. Every LP problem has an optimal solution
b. Optimal solution of an LP problem always occurs at an extreme point
c. At optimal solution all resources are completely used
d. If an optimal solution exists, there will always be at least one at a corner
29. An iso-profit line represents
a. An infinite number of solutions all of which yield the same profit
b. An infinite number of solution all of which yield the same cost
c. An infinite number of optimal solutions
d. A boundary of the feasible region
30. If an iso-profit line yielding the optimal solution coincides with a constaint line, then
a. The solution is unbounded
b. The solution is infeasible
c. The constraint which coincides is redundant
d. None of the above
31. While plotting constraints on a graph paper, terminal points on both the axes are connected by
a straight line because
a. The resources are limited in supply
b. The objective function as a linear function
c. The constraints are linear equations or inequalities
d. All of the above
32. A constraint in an LP model becomes redundant because
a. Two iso-profit line may be parallel to each other
b. The solution is unbounded
c. This constraint is not satisfied by the solution values
d. None of the above
33. If two constraints do not intersect in the positive quadrant of the graph, then
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
a. The problem is infeasible
b. The solution is unbounded
c. One of the constraints is redundant
d. None of the above
Constraints in LP problem are called active if they
a. Represent optimal solution
b. At optimality do not consume all the available resources
c. Both a &amp; b
d. None of the above
The solution space (region) of an LP problem is unbounded due to
a. An incorrect formulation of the LP model
b. Objective function is unbounded
c. Neither a nor b
d. Both a &amp; b
While solving a LP model graphically, the area bounded by the constraints is called
a. Feasible region
b. Infeasible region
c. Unbounded solution
d. None of the above
Alternative solutions exist of an LP model when
a. One of the constraints is redundant
b. Objective function equation is parallel to one of the constraints
c. Two constraints are parallel
d. All of the above
While solving a LP problem, infeasibility may be removed by
c. Removing a constraint
d. Removing a variable
If a non-redundant constraint is removed from an LP problem then
a. Feasible region will become larger
b. Feasible region will become smaller
c. Solution will become infeasible
d. None of the above
If one of the constraint of an equation in an LP problem has an unbounded solution, then
a. Solution to such LP problem must be degenerate
b. Feasible region should have a line segment
c. Alternative solutions exist
d. None of the above
The initial solution of a transportation problem can be obtained by applying any known method.
However, the only condition is that
a. The solution be optimal
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
b. The rim conditions are satisfied
c. The solution not be degenerate
d. All of the above
The dummy source or destination in a transportation problem is added to
a. Satisfy rim conditions
b. Prevent solution from becoming degenerate
c. Ensure that total cost does not exceed a limit
d. None of the above
The occurrence of degeneracy while solving a transportation problem means that
a. Total supply equals total demand
b. The solution so obtained is not feasible
c. The few allocations become negative
d. None of the above
An alternative optimal solution to a minimization transportation problem exists whenever
opportunity cost corresponding to unused route of transportation is:
a. Positive &amp; greater than zero
b. Positive with at least one equal to zero
c. Negative with at least one equal to zero
d. None of the above
One disadvantage of using North-West Corner rule to find initial solution to the transportation
problem is that
a. It is complicated to use
b. It does not take into account cost of transportation
c. It leads to a degenerate initial solution
d. All of the above
The solution to a transportation problem with ‘m’ rows (supplies) &amp; ‘n’ columns (destination) is
feasible if number of positive allocations are
a. m+n
b. m*n
c. m+n-1
d. m+n+1
If an opportunity cost value is used for an unused cell to test optimality, it should be
a. Equal to zero
b. Most negative number
c. Most positive number
d. Any value
During an iteration while moving from one solution to the next, degeneracy may occur when
a. The closed path indicates a diagonal move
b. Two or more occupied cells are on the closed path but neither of them represents a corner
of the path.
c. Two or more occupied cells on the closed path with minus sign are tied for lowest circled
value
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
d. Either of the above
The large negative opportunity cost value in an unused cell in a transportation table is chosen to
improve the current solution because
a. It represents per unit cost reduction
b. It represents per unit cost improvement
c. It ensure no rim requirement violation
d. None of the above
The smallest quantity is chosen at the corners of the closed path with negative sign to be
assigned at unused cell because
a. It improve the total cost
b. It does not disturb rim conditions
c. It ensure feasible solution
d. All of the above
When total supply is equal to total demand in a transportation problem, the problem is said to
be
a. Balanced
b. Unbalanced
c. Degenerate
d. None of the above
Which of the following methods is used to verify the optimality of the current solution of the
transportation problem
a. Least cost method
b. Vogel’s approximation method
c. Modified distribution method
d. All of the above
The degeneracy in the transportation problem indicates that
a. Dummy allocation(s) needs to be added
b. The problem has no feasible solution
c. The multiple optimal solution exist
d. a &amp; b but not c
An assignment problem is considered as a particular case of a transportation problem because
a. The number of rows equals columns
b. All xij = 0 or 1
c. All rim conditions are 1
d. All of the above
An optimal assignment requires that the maximum number of lines that can be drawn through
squares with zero opportunity cost be equal to the number of
a. Rows or columns
b. Rows &amp; columns
c. Rows + columns – 1
d. None of the above
56. While solving an assignment problem, an activity is assigned to a resource through a square with
zero opportunity cost because the objective is to
a. Minimize total cost of assignment
b. Reduce the cost of assignment to zero
c. Reduce the cost of that particular assignment to zero
d. All of the above
57. The method used for solving an assignment problem is called
a. Reduced matrix method
b. MODI method
c. Hungarian method
d. None of the above
58. The purpose of a dummy row or column in an assignment problem is to
a. Obtain balance between total activities &amp; total resources
b. Prevent a solution from becoming degenerate
c. Provide a means of representing a dummy problem
d. None of the above
59. Maximization assignment problem is transformed into a minimization problem by
a. Adding each entry in a column from the maximization value in that column
b. Subtracting each entry in a column from the maximum value in that column
c. Subtracting each entry in the table from the maximum value in that table
d. Any one of the above
60. If there were n workers &amp; n jobs there would be
a. n! solutions
b. (n-1)! solutions
c. (n!)n solutions
d. n solutions
61. An assignment problem can be solved by
a. Simplex method
b. Transportation method
c. Both a &amp; b
d. None of the above
62. For a salesman who has to visit n cities which of the following are the ways of his tour plan
a. n!
b. (n+1)!
c. (n-1)!
d. n
63. The assignment problem
a. Requires that only one activity be assigned to each resource
b. Is a special case of transportation problem
c. Can be used to maximize resources
d. All of the above
64. An assignment problem is a special case of transportation problem, where
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
a. Number of rows equals number of columns
b. All rim conditions are 1
c. Values of each decision variable is either 0 or 1
d. All of the above
Every basic feasible solution of a general assignment problem, having a square pay-off matrix of
order, n should have assignments equal to
a. 2n+1
b. 2n-1
c. m+n-1
d. m+n
To proceed with the MODI algorithm for solving an assignment problem, the number of dummy
allocations need to be added are
a. n
b. 2n
c. n-1
d. 2n-1
The Hungarian method for solving an assignment problem can also be used to solve
a. A transportation problem
b. A travelling salesman problem
c. A LP problem
d. Both a &amp; b
An optimal solution of an assignment problem can be obtained only if
a. Each row &amp; column has only one zero element
b. Each row &amp; column has at least one zero element
c. The data is arrangement in a square matrix
d. None of the above
Customer behavior in which the customer moves from one queue to another in a multiple
channel situation is
a. Balking
b. Reneging
c. Jockeying
d. Altering
Which of the following characteristics apply to queuing system
a. Customer population
b. Arrival process
c. Both a &amp; b
d. Neither a nor b
Which of the following is not a key operating characteristics apply to queuing system
a. Utilization factor
b. Percent idle time
c. Average time spent waiting in the system &amp; queue
d. None of the above
72. Priority queue discipline may be classified as
a. Finite or infinite
b. Limited &amp; unlimited
c. Pre-emptive or non-pre-emptive
d. All of the above
73. The calling population is assumed to be infinite when
a. Arrivals are independent of each other
b. Capacity of the system is infinite
c. Service rate is faster than arrival rate
d. All of the above
74. Which of the cost estimates &amp; performance measures are not used for economic analysis of a
queuing system
a. Cost per server per unit of time
b. Cost per unit of time for a customer waiting in the system
c. Average number of customers in the system
d. Average waiting time of customers in the system
75. A calling population is considered to be infinite when
a. All customers arrive at once
b. Arrivals are independent of each other
c. Arrivals are dependent upon each other
d. All of the above
76. The cost of providing service in a queuing system decreases with
a. Decreased average waiting time in the queue
b. Decreased arrival rate
c. Increased arrival rate
d. None of the above
77. Service mechanism in a queuing system is characterized by
a. Server’s behavior
b. Customer’s behavior
c. Customers in the system
d. All of the above
78. Probabilities of occurrence of any state are
a. Collectively exhaustive
b. Mutually exclusive
c. Representing one of the finite numbers of states of nature in the system
d. All of the above
79. In a matrix of transition probability, the probability values should add up to one in each
a. Row
b. Column
c. Diagonal
d. All of the above
80. In a matrix of transition probability, the element aij where i=j is a
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
a. Gain
b. Loss
c. Retention
d. None of the above
In Markov analysis, state probabilities must
a. Sum to one
b. Be less than one
c. Be greater than one
d. None of the above
State transition probabilities in the Markov chain should
a. Sum to 1
b. Be less than 1
c. Be greater than 1
d. None of the above
If a matrix of transition probability is of the order n*n, then the number of equilibrium
equations would be
a. n
b. n-1
c. n+1
d. None of the above
In the long run, the state probabilities become 0 &amp; 1
a. In no case
b. In same cases
c. In all cases
d. Cannot say
While calculating equilibrium probabilities for a Markov process, it is assumed that
a. There is a single absorbing state
b. Transition probabilities do not change
c. There is a single non-absorbing state
d. None of the above
The first-order Markov chain is generally used when
a. Transition probabilities are fairly stable
b. Change in transition probabilities is random
c. No sufficient data are available
d. All of the above
A problem is classified as Markov chain provided
a. There are finite number of possible states
b. States are collectively exhaustive &amp; mutually exclusive
c. Long-run probabilities of being in a particular state will be constant over time
d. All of the above
The transition matrix elements remain positive from one point to the next. This property is
known as:
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
b. Equilibrium property
c. Regular property
d. All of the above
Markov analysis is useful for:
a. Predicting the state of the system at some future time
b. Calculating transition probabilities at some future time
c. All of the above
d. None of the above
Which of the following is not one of the assumptions of Markov analysis:
a. There are a limited number of possible states
b. A future state can be predicted from the preceding one
c. There are limited number of future periods
d. All of the above
An advantage of simulation as opposed to optimization is that
a. Several options of measure of performance can be examined
b. Complex real-life problems can be studied
c. It is applicable in cases where there is an element of randomness in a system
d. All of the above
The purpose of using simulation technique is to
a. Imitate a real-world situation
b. Understand properties &amp; operating characteristics of complex real-life problems
c. Reduce the cost of experiment on a model of real situation
d. All of the above
Which of the following is not the special purpose simulation language
a. BASIC
b. GPSS
c. GASP
d. SIMSCRIPT
As simulation is not an analytical model, therefore the result of simulation must be viewed as
a. Unrealistic
b. Exact
c. Approximation
d. Simplified
While assigning random numbers in Monte Carlo simulation, it is
a. Not necessary to assign the exact range of random number interval as the probability
b. Necessary to develop a cumulative probability distribution
c. Necessary to assign the particular appropriate random numbers
d. All of the above
Analytical results are taken into consideration before a simulation study so as to
a. Identify suitable values of the system parameters
b. Determine the optimal decision
c. Identify suitable values of decision variables for the specific choices of system parameters
d. All of the above
97. Biased random sampling is made from among alternatives which have
a. Equal probability
b. Unequal probability
c. Probability which do not sum to 1
d. None of the above
98. Large complicated simulation models are appreciated because
a. Their average costs are not well-defined
b. It is difficult to create the appropriate events
c. They may be expensive to write and use as an experimental device
d. All of the above
99. Simulation should not be applied in all cases because it
a. Requires considerable talent for model building &amp; extensive computer programming efforts
b. Consumes much computer time
c. Provides at best approximate solution to problem
d. All of the above
100. Simulation is defined as
a. A technique that uses computers
b. An approach for reproducing the processes by which events by chance &amp; changes are created
in a computer
c. A procedure for testing &amp; experimenting on models to answer what if ___, then so &amp; so ___
types of questions
d. All of the above
101. The general purpose system simulation language
a. Requires programme writing
b. Does not require programme writing
c. Requires predefined coding forms
d. Needs a set of equations to describe a system
102. Special simulation languages are useful because they
a. Reduce programme preparation time &amp; cost
b. Have the capability to generate random variables
c. Require no prior programming knowledge
d. All of the above
103. Few causes of simulation analysis failure are
a. Inadequate level of user participation
b. Inappropriate levels of detail
c. Incomplete mix of essential skills
d. All of the above
104. To make simulation more popular, we need to avoid
a. Large cost over runs
b. Prolonged delays
c. User dissatisfaction with simulation results
d. All of the above
105. The important step required for simulation approach in solving a problem is to
a. Test &amp; validate the model
b. Design the experiment
c. Conduct the experiment
d. All of the above
1
a
26
d
51
c
76
d
101
b
2
c
27
a
52
a
77
a
102
d
3
a
28
d
53
c
78
d
103
d
4
d
29
a
54
d
79
a
104
d
5
d
30
d
55
d
80
c
105
d
6
d
31
c
56
a
81
a
7
c
32
d
57
c
82
a
8
c
33
a
58
a
83
a
9
a
34
a
59
c
84
c
10
c
35
c
60
a
85
b
11
d
36
a
61
c
86
a
12
a
37
b
62
c
87
d
13
d
38
c
63
d
88
c
14
d
39
a
64
d
89
c
15
a
40
b
65
b
90
c
16
d
41
b
66
c
91
d
17
b
42
a
67
b
92
d
18
d
43
b
68
d
93
a
19
a
44
b
69
c
94
c
20
b
45
b
70
c
95
b
21
d
46
c
71
d
96
c
22
d
47
b
72
c
97
b
23
d
48
c
73
a
98
c
24
d
49
a
74
d
99
d
25
d
50
c
75
b
100
d
```