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Science-10 Module-1 version-3

Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Regional Office IX, Zamboanga Peninsula
Quarter 3 - Module 1
in the FEMALE and MALE
Name of Learner: ___________________________
Grade & Section: ___________________________
Name of School:
Science – Grade 10
Support Material for Independent Learning Engagement (SMILE)
Quarter 3 – Module 1: Role of Hormones Involved in the Female and Male Reproductive
First Edition, 2021
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Development Team of the Module
Isah Grace V. Pormento
Joel P. Ogoc
Joel P. Ogoc, Zyhrine P. Mayormita
Layout Artist:
Rosel P. Patangan
Management Team: Virgilio P. Batan Jr.
Lourma I. Poculan
- Schools Division Superintendent
- Asst. Schools Division Superintendent
Amelinda D. Montero - Chief Education Supervisor, CID
Nur N. Hussien
- Chief Education Supervisor, SGOD
Ronillo S. Yarag
- Education Program Supervisor, LRMS
Zyhrine P. Mayormita - Education Program Supervisor, Science
Leo Martinno O. Alejo - Project Development Officer II, LRMS
Janette A. Zamoras
- Public Schools District Supervisor
Adrian G. Refugio
- School Principal, Zamboanga del Norte NHS
Printed in the Philippines by
Department of Education – Region IX– Dipolog City Schools Division
Office Address:
E-mail Address:
Purok Farmers, Olingan, Dipolog City
Zamboanga del Norte, 7100
(065) 212-6986 and (065) 212-5818
What I Need to Know
After going through this module, you are expected to:
Content Standard
Most Essential Learning
Demonstrate understanding of
organisms as having feedback Explain the role of hormones
are involved in the female and
coordinated by the nervous and male reproductive systems
endocrine systems
What’s In
In the previous grade, you learned about the different organ systems of the
body. Can you still recall them? Let us check by answering the activity below.
Activity 1: What Am I?
Directions: Read each statement carefully. Select the correct answer from the
word bank and write your answer in the blank space provided. The first one
was done for you.
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Respiratory System
1. I am a pair of spongy, air-filled organs
located on either side of the chest. I allow
taking in oxygen and breathing out carbon
dioxide. What am I?
2. I am an organ system that distributes
vital elements such as oxygen and
nutrients. At the same time, I also transport
gaseous wastes away from the body. What
am I?
3. I am made up of organs in the body that
help in gas exchange. I breathe oxygen in
and expel carbon dioxide. What am I?
4. I am the basic unit of structure and
function of all organisms. I may be very
small but I can do what all living things can.
What am I?
5. I am an organ system that is responsible
for getting food into the body. I also make
use of nutrients from food to keep the body
healthy. What am I?
6. I am a hollow muscular organ, about the
size of your fist located in the middle of
your chest between the lungs. I also
pump the blood throughout the body.
What am I?
In Grade 7, you learned the different levels of organization from the cell
to the biosphere. In Grade 8, you learned about the digestive system and the
processes involved during digestion. In Grade 9, you learned the different
structures of the circulatory and respiratory systems working together to
transport oxygen-rich blood and nutrients to the different parts of the body.
Now you will learn about the endocrine glands and the role of hormones
involved in female and male reproductive systems.
What’s New
Activity 2: Locate the Gland
Directions: Draw the shape on the human body where the given glands are
appropriately found. Then, write down the hormone released by the gland
and the function of that hormone in the body. The first one was done for
The function of
the Hormone
Stimulates milk
What’s In
The endocrine system is composed of glands
that secrete different types of hormones that affect
almost every cell, organ, and function of our body. It is
essential in regulating growth and development,
metabolism, as well as reproductive processes, and
mood. Endocrine glands secrete chemicals known as
hormones into the bloodstream, which carries them
throughout the body.
Hormones are chemical messengers, carrying
instructions to cells to change their activities. When a
hormone in the blood reaches the target organ, it
produces a notable effect. The effect of hormones can
last for hours, days, weeks, or even years. The glands
of the endocrine system produce hormones.
Figure 1. Location of the different glands in
the Human Body Involved in the Female and
Male Reproductive Systems.
Source: Science Grade X Learners
A gland is an organ in which cells secrete materials to be brought to the
different regions of the body, sometimes via tube-like structures called ducts.
Endocrine glands (endo mean “within,” krinein means “separate,” i.e., to secrete)
are ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into either the bloodstream or
the fluid around the cells or tissues that secrete hormones.
Source: Integrated Science II Biology
The table below shows the major glands in the body, with their functions,
locations, and the hormones they release.
Table 1. Major Hormones Involved in the Female
and Male Reproductive Systems
Target Organ
Stimulates milk production
at the base
of the brain
Hormone (LH)
Hormone (FSH)
at the base
of the brain
Stimulates ovulation and
production of estrogen and
Stimulates growth of the
ovarian follicle
Stimulates sperm production
Many cells
Many cells
Adapted from: Ferriols-Pavico, J., et.al Exploring Life Through Science
Stimulates milk
Induces uterine
Stimulates female
development and behavior
Stimulates growth of
uterine lining
Stimulates male development
and behavior
The Role of Hormones in Male and Female Reproductive Systems
Hormones play a very vital role in the
Female and Male Reproductive Systems.
The normal functioning of the male
reproductive system is due to the
hormones of the pituitary gland. These are
the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
and the interstitial cell-stimulating
hormone (ICSH). Under the influence of
FSH, the seminiferous tubules of the testes
become active and start producing sperms.
The ICSH stimulates a group of cells called
the interstitial cell, surrounding the
seminiferous tubules to produce hormone
Once testosterone is produced, the
entire male reproductive system becomes active. Secondary sex
characteristics become evident in the adolescent boy. Among the secondary
sex characteristics are the growth of a big muscular body, a booming voice,
and the growth of mustache, beard, and hair in certain areas of the body.
Aside from its role in developing secondary sex characteristics,
testosterone also suppresses or limits the production of FSH by the pituitary.
The female reproductive system, just
like the male reproductive system, is also
regulated by hormones. In the female, a
close relationship exists among the
pituitary, ovary, and uterus. Upon reaching
the age of 12 to 16, the anterior lobe of the
pituitary starts secreting a hormone called
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). This
hormone controls the growth and release of
eggs from the ovaries. Estrogen is the
reproductive hormone in females that
ovulation, and calcium absorption; it is
also responsible for females' secondary
sexual characteristics.
These include breast development,
flaring of the hips, and a shorter period necessary for bone maturation,
menstruation, and fertility. Progesterone assists in endometrial re-growth
and inhibition of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone
release. While other hormones prepare the uterus so a baby can grow in it,
other hormones still control the stretching of the uterus during pregnancy.
From the hormones listed above, the next activity will focus on the role
of these hormones in the Male and Female Reproductive Systems.
What’s More
Activity 3: Find Me, Buddy!
Directions: From the functions given below, search and encircle the
hormone that is responsible for it. The first one was done for you.
Stimulates the mammary gland to secrete milk
Stimulates male development and behavior
Stimulates ovulation and production of estrogen
and progesterone
Stimulates growth of uterine lining
Stimulate female development and behavior
Stimulates sperm production
After identifying the hormones given their respective functions, we will
now move to the different glands involved in different human activities by
doing the activity that follows.
What I Have Learned
Activity 4. Who’s In Control?
Directions: Study each picture that is associated with a particular gland in
the endocrine system. Identify the hormones it produces, and give the
function of that hormone. The first one was done for you.
Gland: Thyroid Gland
Hormone: Thyroxin
Function: It regulates the metabolism
of the body.
1. Athletes burn up calories
during exercise.
Source: Science Grade 10 LM
Gland: _______________________________
Hormone: ____________________________
Function: ____________________________
2. A pregnant woman
Source: Science Grade 10 LM
Gland: _______________________________
Hormone: ____________________________
Function: ____________________________
3. Presence of facial hair
Source: https://www.dreamstime.com/illustration
Gland: _______________________________
Hormone: ___________________________
Function: ___________________________
4. Breastfeeding mother
Gland: _______________________________
Hormone: ____________________________
Function: ____________________________
5. Prominence of Adam’s apple
Gland: _______________________________
Hormone: ____________________________
Function: ____________________________
6. Breast development
Source: https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/bestbreast-enlargement-creams/
What I Can Do
Activity 5: Decision Matters
Directions: Read a n d a na ly z e the statements below. Draw a heart
if the statement is true, and star
if the statement is false.
1. Hormones work only on their target cells or organs.
2. Follicle-stimulating hormone is important for estrogen
secretion and egg cell production of women and sperm production in
3. The pituitary gland produces the hormone prolactin that
regulates sugar levels in the body.
4. The effect of a hormone can last for an hour only.
5. A gland is an organ in our body that produces and secretes
hormones to be brought to the different regions of the body through the
6. The ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone that control
the development of breasts, menstruation, and fertility.
7. Testosterone is the hormone responsible for the secondary
sexual characteristics that develop in females.
8. The reproductive organs in females are testes, while ovaries in
9. The development of facial hair, body mass, and deep voice in
males are secondary sex characteristics that develop during
10. Hormones play an important role in the female and
reproductive system.
Direction: Encircle the letter of the best answer.
1. Which two hormones produced by the ovary contribute to the female
reproductive system's healthy function?
a. Estrogen and Androgen
b. Progesterone and Estrogen
c. Androgen and Testosterone
d. Testosterone and Progesterone
2. Which of the following best describes the role of the hormone testosterone
in the Male Reproductive System?
a. Stimulates sperm production
b. Stimulates secondary sex characteristics
c. Stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone
d. Increases the production of Follicle Stimulating Hormone
3. What do you call the chemical substances produced in the body that control
and regulate the activity of certain cells or organs?
a. Hormones
b. Tissues
c. gland
d. Cell
4. Which hormone, produced from the posterior part of the pituitary gland is
responsible for milk production in breastfeeding women?
a. Oxytocin
b. estrogen
c. progesterone
d. Testosterone
5. Which hormone stimulates secondary sex characteristics and male
behavior among males?
a. Progesterone
b. testosterone
c. estrogen
d. Oxytocin
6. What gland is responsible for the secretion of prolactin?
a. Testes
b. Ovaries
c. Mammary Gland
d. Anterior Pituitary Gland
7. How does the Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) affect the male
reproductive system?
a. By starting sperm production in the testes
b. By growing hair in some areas of the body
c. By stimulating the pituitary gland to produce sperm
d. By initiating the production of the hormone testosterone
8. How does the Luteinizing hormone (LH) function in the female reproductive
a. LH stimulates ovulation
b. LH induces uterine lining
c. LH stimulates milk production
d. LH increases water absorption
9. Why is the hormone testosterone important for the male reproductive
a. It influences the seminiferous tubules to produce sperm
b. Its production activates the entire male reproductive system
c. It stimulates the interstitial cells to produce more testosterone
d. It suppresses the production of the interstitial cell-stimulating
10. Why is the occurrence of secondary sex characteristics important in the
Female Reproductive system?
a. Without it, a female is considered sexually mature
b. It indicates readiness for their productive role
c. Reproduction is by-passed through hormones
d. It signifies the need for male attention
Additional Activities
Activity 6: Matchy Match
Directions: Given the hormones in Column A, identify its major action
(Column B) and the gland (Column C) that produces each hormone. Write the
letter only. The first one was done for you.
Major Action
1. Estrogen
a. stimulates growth of
uterine lining
h. testes
2. FSH
b. stimulates milk secretion
i. anterior
3. LH
4. Progesterone
5. Oxytocin
6. Prolactin
c. stimulates growth of
ovarian follicle
d. stimulates milk production
e. stimulates sperm
production characteristics
f. stimulates female
development and behavior
g. stimulates ovulation
j. scrotum
k. mammary
l. posterior
m. prostate
n. ovary
Activity 4
Answers may vary.
Possible Answers:
2. G: Ovaries
F: LH – Stimulates ovulation and
production of estrogen, progesterone
FSH – Stimulates growth of ovarian
Oxytocin – Induces uterine lining
Estrogen – Stimulates female
development and behavior
Progesterone- Stimulates growth of
uterine lining
3. G: Pituitary
H: Prolactin / Oxytocin
F: Stimulates milk production
4. G: Testes
H: Testosterone
F: Stimulates the growth of facial hair
5. G: Testes
H: Testosterone
F: Stimulates the appearance of
Adams apple
6. G: Ovary
H: Estrogen
F: Stimulates the development of the
Additional Activity
1. f , n
2. c , i
3. g , i
4. a , n
5. b , l
6. d , i
Activity 5
Activity 3
Activity 2
Activity 1
Circulatory System
Respiratory System
Digestive System
Answer Key Gr10Q3 Module 1
Acosta, Herma D., et al. Science 10 Learner’s Material.PasigCity.:REX Book
Ferriols-Pavico, J., etal.Exploring Life Through Science. 927 Quezon Avenue,
Quezon City.:Phoenix Publishing House, Inc.,2015
Rabago, L.M.,et al. Integrated Science II Biology.Quezon
Publishing House,Inc.,1984
Electronic Sources
“Progesterone” Retrieved from https://www.hormone. org/your-health-andhormones /glands-and-hormones-a-to/hormones/progesterone
“Oxytocin” Retrieved from
“Athletes and pregnant woman” Retrieved from Science 10 Learners Module
“Breastfeeding mother”. Retrieved
“Facial hair” Retrieved from
https://www.dreamstime.com/illustration /silhouette-be ard
“Adams apple” Retrieved from
“Breast development” Retrieved from
Region IX: Zamboanga Peninsula Hymn – Our Eden Land
Here the trees and flowers bloom
Here the breezes gently Blow,
Here the birds sing Merrily,
The liberty forever Stays,
Gallant men And Ladies fair
Linger with love and care
Golden beams of sunrise and sunset
Are visions you’ll never forget
Oh! That’s Region IX
Here the Badjaos roam the seas
Here the Samals live in peace
Here the Tausogs thrive so free
With the Yakans in unity
Hardworking people Abound,
Every valleys and Dale
Zamboangueños, Tagalogs, Bicolanos,
Cebuanos, Ilocanos, Subanons, Boholanos, Ilongos,
All of them are proud and true
Region IX our Eden Land
Region IX
My Final Farewell
Farewell, dear Fatherland, clime of the sun caress'd
Pearl of the Orient seas, our Eden lost!,
Gladly now I go to give thee this faded life's best,
And were it brighter, fresher, or more blest
Still would I give it thee, nor count the cost.
Let the sun draw the vapors up to the sky,
And heavenward in purity bear my tardy protest
Let some kind soul o 'er my untimely fate sigh,
And in the still evening a prayer be lifted on high
From thee, 0 my country, that in God I may rest.
On the field of battle, 'mid the frenzy of fight,
Others have given their lives, without doubt or heed;
The place matters not-cypress or laurel or lily white,
Scaffold or open plain, combat or martyrdom's plight,
T is ever the same, to serve our home and country's need.
Pray for all those that hapless have died,
For all who have suffered the unmeasur'd pain;
For our mothers that bitterly their woes have cried,
For widows and orphans, for captives by torture tried
And then for thyself that redemption thou mayst gain
I die just when I see the dawn break,
Through the gloom of night, to herald the day;
And if color is lacking my blood thou shalt take,
Pour'd out at need for thy dear sake
To dye with its crimson the waking ray.
An d when t he d ar k night wr a p s t he gr av eyar d ar o un d
Wit h only t he de a d in t heir v igil t o se e
Br ea k n ot my r e p os e or t he m yst er y pr of o un d
An d p er ch anc e t ho u m ayst he ar a sa d hy mn r es o un d
'T i s I, O m y c ou nt r y, r aising a s ong unt o t hee.
My dreams, when life first opened to me,
My dreams, when the hopes of youth beat high,
Were to see thy lov'd face, O gem of the Orient sea
From gloom and grief, from care and sorrow free;
No blush on thy brow, no tear in thine eye.
An d ev en my gr av e i s r em em ber ed n o m or e
Unmar k' d by nev er a cr os s nor a st on e
Let t he pl ow sw ee p t hr o ugh it , t he s p ad e t ur n i t o 'er
That m y ash es m ay c ar p et ear t hly f l oor ,
Bef or e int o not hi ngne ss at l ast t hey ar e bl own.
Dream of my life, my living and burning desire,
All hail ! cries the soul that is now to take flight;
All hail ! And sweet it is for thee to expire ;
To die for thy sake, that thou mayst aspire;
And sleep in thy bosom eternity's long night.
The n will o bliv i on br in g t o m e no car e
As ov er t hy v ales an d plai ns I swe ep;
Thr o b bing an d cle ans e d in t hy s pac e an d air
Wit h col or an d light , wit h s ong an d l ame nt I f ar e,
Ev er r e pe at ing t he f ait h t hat I ke ep.
If over my grave some day thou seest grow,
In the grassy sod, a humble flower,
Draw it to thy lips and kiss my soul so,
While I may feel on my brow in the cold tomb below
The touch of thy tenderness, thy breath's warm power.
My F at her lan d a d or ' d, t hat s adn es s t o m y s or r ow le n ds
Bel ov e d Fili pin as, h ear no w my la st go o d - by!
I giv e t hee all: par ent s an d kin dr e d an d f r ien ds
For I g o wher e no slav e bef or e t he op pr ess or ben ds,
W her e f ait h c an nev er k ill, an d G o d r eign s e' er on hi gh!
Let the moon beam over me soft and serene,
Let the dawn shed over me its radiant flashes,
Let the wind with sad lament over me keen ;
And if on my cross a bird should be seen,
Let it trill there its hymn of peace to my ashes.
Far ew ell t o y o u all, f r o m my s o ul t or n a way,
Fr ien ds of my chi ldh o o d in t he h om e di s po ss es se d!
Giv e t han ks t hat I r est f r om t h e wear i so me da y!
Far ew ell t o t hee, t o o, swe et f r ien d t hat lig ht ene d my w ay;
Bel ov e d cr e at ur es al l, f ar ewell ! In d eat h t her e is r est !
I Am a Filipino, by Carlos P. Romulo
I am a Filipino–inheritor of a glorious past, hostage to the uncertain
future. As such I must prove equal to a two-fold task–the task of
meeting my responsibility to the past, and the task of performing
my obligation to the future.
I sprung from a hardy race, child many generations removed of
ancient Malayan pioneers. Across the centuries the memory comes
rushing back to me: of brown-skinned men putting out to sea in
ships that were as frail as their hearts were stout. Over the sea I see
them come, borne upon the billowing wave and the whistling wind,
carried upon the mighty swell of hope–hope in the free abundance
of new land that was to be their home and their children’s forever.
I am a Filipino. In my blood runs the immortal seed of heroes–seed
that flowered down the centuries in deeds of courage and defiance.
In my veins yet pulses the same hot blood that sent Lapulapu to
battle against the first invader of this land, that nerved Lakandula
in the combat against the alien foe, that drove Diego Silang and
Dagohoy into rebellion against the foreign oppressor.
The seed I bear within me is an immortal seed. It is the mark of my
manhood, the symbol of dignity as a human being. Like the seeds
that were once buried in the tomb of Tutankhamen many thousand
years ago, it shall grow and flower and bear fruit again. It is the
insignia of my race, and my generation is but a stage in the
unending search of my people for freedom and happiness.
I am a Filipino, child of the marriage of the East and the West. The
East, with its languor and mysticism, its passivity and endurance,
was my mother, and my sire was the West that came thundering
across the seas with the Cross and Sword and the Machine. I am of
the East, an eager participant in its spirit, and in its struggles for
liberation from the imperialist yoke. But I also know that the East
must awake from its centuried sleep, shake off the lethargy that has
bound his limbs, and start moving where destiny awaits.
I am a Filipino, and this is my inheritance. What pledge shall I give
that I may prove worthy of my inheritance? I shall give the pledge
that has come ringing down the corridors of the centuries, and it
shall be compounded of the joyous cries of my Malayan forebears
when first they saw the contours of this land loom before their eyes,
of the battle cries that have resounded in every field of combat from
Mactan to Tirad Pass, of the voices of my people when they sing:
“I am a Filipino born to freedom, and I shall not rest until freedom
shall have been added unto my inheritance—for myself and my
children and my children’s children—forever.”
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