Adopt an Element Project 20222

Academia Maria Reina
Science Department
Name(s): Katherine M. Santiago Soto
Group: 0417/02
Date: January 23, 2022
Adopt-an-Element Adoption Papers (50 points)
Name of element you would like to adopt: Tin
Symbol: Sn
Birth of your element:
1. When was this element discovered?
This element was first used in 3500 B.C.
2. Who discovered it? It was discovered by the city of Ur in the southern Mesopotamia.
3. Where was it discovered? This element was used in the city of Ur in the southern
Mesopotamia, now known as Iraq. The earliest uses of this element were in Turkey.
4. What is this atom’s atomic mass? 118.71
5. What is the atomic number? 50
6. Find an image of the Bohr model of this element.
7. What are the common isotopes of this element? Some common isotopes of this element are
Tin-132, Tin-117, Tin-124, Tin-126
8. What group does this element belong to, or what part of the periodic table is he/she located?
The element tin is part of the group 14.
9. Does he/she have any famous brothers or sisters (well-known elements in this group or part of
the table)?
She does have a famous brother known as carbon in her group.
10. What are some common properties of elements in this group or part of the table?
common properties of elements in this group is that they are metals and they are solids.
Chemical and physical properties:
11. density:
13. color:
silver white
15. melting point: 231.97 °C (449.54 °F)
12. state at room temperature:
13. metal, metalloid, or nonmetal:
16. common charge(s) of ion:
17. How does your element’s position in the periodic table relate to its properties?
element tin is a post-transition metal.
18. What common compounds is your element found in?
Tin can combine with other chemicals
to form compounds. Combinations with chemicals like chlorine, sulfur, or oxygen are called inorganic tin
compounds (i.e., stannous chloride, stannous sulfide, stannic oxide). These are used in toothpaste,
perfumes, soaps, food additives and dyes.
19. How or in what form is your element found in nature? It is obtained commercially by reducing
the ore with coal in a furnace.
20. How is this element obtained or isolated for use by humans?
Tin is found principally in the
ore cassiterite (tin(IV) oxide). It is mainly found in the 'tin belt' stretching through China, Thailand, and
Indonesia. It is also mined in Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. It is obtained commercially by reducing the ore
with coal in a furnace.
21. Where in the world are large amounts (major deposits) of this element found? The largest
amount of tin is found in Indonesia, with 117,500 in mine production and 80,933 in smelter production.
Special Qualities:
22. Why is your element important? (What is it used for, necessary for, or what danger does it
My element is important because it take high polish and is used to coat other metals
to prevent corrosion, such as in tin cans, which are made of tin-coated steel. Alloys of tin are important,
such as soft solder, pewter, bronze, and phosphor bronze. A niobium-tin alloy is used for superconducting
magnets. The danger that tin does is if you breathe tin it can irritate the nose, throat and lungs causing
coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. It can also cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal
pain, headache, fatigue, and tremors.
23. Where might you come in contact with this element or its compounds in Puerto Rico?
might come in contact with tin in the bean cans that we use to cook.
24. What nickname will you give your element if this adoption is granted? If the adoption is
granted, I would name my element tinplate.
25. Write a paragraph explaining why you would like to adopt this element and why you would
be a good parent for him or her. Use information that you learned about your element to support
your request.
I would like to adopt this element because it’s a very useful element. With these elements
we can protect metals from getting corroded and will last more. Also, with these elements we protect
other metals and make them more usable. I would be a good parent to her because I will always have it
clean, and I will have ger at room temperature, so it doesn’t meet melting point.
Birth Certificate (10 points)
Must be on a 6”x 6” in size, neat, colorful, and contain all of the following information:
Element name (0.5 pt)
Element symbol (0.5 pt)
Atomic number (1 pt)
Atomic mass (1 pt)
# of protons, neutrons & electrons (1 pts)
Birth Date – Discovery (1 pt)
Artwork relevant to the element (5 pts)
All artwork and decorations must communicate relevant information having to do
with the element.
You may draw pictures, cut out magazine photos, download images from the Internet,
or even attach physical items made of the element itself (or one of its compounds).
Element Presentation (40 points)
You should use the information that you have learned about your element to create a video. Choose the
important and interesting information to share with the class and be sure to have at least one visual aide.
Visual Aids may include: posters, 3D models, and/or objects that use +your element. Your visual aid will
be worth up to 20 points (depending on quality, accuracy, and neatness) and your presentation will be worth
another 20 points (depending on accuracy, voice, poise, and enthusiasm – make it interesting).
Practice your presentation! Be aware of your voice volume and tone (no one wants to listen to a
monotone voice). Watch yourself in a mirror so that you do not fidget or sway. Know your
information so you are not looking at the visual aide the entire time. Give the audience eye
contact and a SMILE!!!