Year 7 Core Mathematics Strand – Statistics and Probability Data representation and interpretation Chapter 3 – Statistics Year 7 Content Descriptors Identify and investigate issues involving numerical data collected from primary and secondary sources. Construct and compare a range of data displays including stem-and-leaf plots and dot plots. Calculate mean, median, mode and range for sets of data. Interpret these statistics in the context of data. Describe and interpret data displays using median, mean and range Year 7 Achievement Standards Students identify issues involving the collection of continuous data. They describe the relationship between the median and mean in data displays. They calculate mean, mode, median and range for data sets. They construct stem-and-leaf plots and dot-plots. Teachers Horan, McHugh, Williams Version Term One – February - 2022 1|Page Internet Activity - Statistics Smart Start Complete this simple online activity Click Here Displaying Data Data is the name we give to a collection of facts, numbers, words, or items of information. The smart start showed data in the very simple forms of numbers and pictures. But there are a lot of ways to display (show) data. Do a “Google Image” search and find an example of each of the following ways to display data. Frequency table, Circle graph (pie graph), Stem and Leaf graph, line graph, dot plot, picture graph, histogram When you have found an example, do a quick sketch in the appropriate section, in the table below and on the next page. An example of a Vertical bar graph is provided for you. Vertical Bar graph Frequency Table Circle Graph (Pie Graph) Stem and Leaf Plot 2|Page Picture Graph Line Graph Histogram Dot Plot 3|Page Displaying Data In the space below each graph, write the name which best represents the data. You should have found similar graphs in the previous activity. 4|Page Internet Activity - Displaying Data Play the matching game at Quizlet. Have three attempts and record your best time in the space below. Click Here My Best Time: Match the terms on the left with the definitions on the right. A graph with points connected by lines to show how something changes in value: • as time goes by, • or as something else changes. Circle Graph A data display that uses images to represent numbers or quantities. Histogram A graph that displays data using rectangular bars of different heights, with spaces between the bars. Line Graph A special chart that uses "pie slices" to show the relative sizes of data. Picture Graph A table that lists a set of scores and how often they occur. Bar Graph A graph, similar to a bar graph that displays data using rectangular bars with no spaces and numbers in ranges. 5|Page Frequency Table Displaying Data Below are a collection of line graphs and histograms. Write an “L” on those that are a line graph and a “H” on those that are the histograms. 6|Page Reading Data When reading data tables or graphs you should always look for the following: Labels on the x and y axis. Numbers, figures, letters, words or percentages. An increase or a decrease in the data or figures. A title. The ‘titles’ of the graphs below have been removed and placed in the text box. Look for the clues on the graphs and match the titles that best fit each of the graphs. Write the appropriate title next to the graph in the table on the next page. “Computer parts sold in 1000’s over a four-year period”, “Sit ups in one minute by the first 13”, “Ways of travelling to School”, “The number of ways to roll between 2 and 12 with two dice”, “Favourite types of movies”, “Distance travelled and time taken”. 7|Page Internet Activity - Play the learning game at Quizlet Click Here 8|Page Collecting and displaying Data Record the height, weight and middle finger length of each student in your maths class. Once you have recorded the data, be sure to put it in ascending order (from the smallest value to the largest value). This makes it easier to use the data to produce tables and graphs. Anytime you take measurements, the data is described as continuous data. Heights Weights Middle Finger Length 9|Page Frequency tables Follow your teacher’s instructions and create a frequency table for Class height and Class weight. Frequency Table for Class Heights Score (Heights) Tally Frequency Table for Class Weights Frequency Score (Weights) Tally Total Internet Activity - Quick Quiz (Reading Frequency Tables) Click Here 10 | P a g e Frequency Total Frequency Table Individual Practice Create a frequency table using the middle finger data. Frequency Table for Middle Finger Length Score (Middle Finger) Tally Frequency Total More Frequency Table Practice 1. Create your own frequency tables for the Math test scores from a Year 8 class. Be sure to include a title and identify the score. Frequency Table for Score () 11 | P a g e Tally Frequency 2. Make a frequency table for the information showing the number of bicycles in each household of some Year 9 students. Frequency Table Score () Tally Frequency Total Internet Activity - Reading Data Revision Follow the link below and complete levels 1, 2 & 3. Click Here 12 | P a g e Individual Activity A student recorded the number of times the letters, A, B, C, D and E appeared on a page in her poetry book. The results were as follows: Complete the table to find the answers to the following questions: 1) How many letters did the student record? 2) What was the most frequent letter? Score Tally Frequency Total Individual Activity Create a Bar Graph of the data from the frequency table above. 13 | P a g e Homework or Extra Activity - Reading Frequency Tables Frequency Table for the weights of children in Year 6, in kilograms. Questions How many students had their weight taken? What was the most common weight of the Year 6 students? What was the greatest weight of a Year 6 student? What was the minimum weight of a Year 6 student? How many more students weighed 34kgs than weighed 36kgs? What two weight ranges had no students? How many students weighed less than 36kgs? 14 | P a g e Answers Displaying Data – Dot Plots A dot plot is constructed by putting a dot for each item above a scale. They are most useful for small sets of numbers. Work with your teacher to construct a dot plot for the data shown below 1. Create a dot plot of the ages of second time fathers. 15 | P a g e 2. Make a dot plot of the length of students’ feet in centimetres. Internet Activity - Revising Data in Tables Click Here Want more help? Click Here 16 | P a g e Homework or Extra Activity Rule a line joining each set of data to its graph. Some lines will go through a letter and a number. For each number in the grid on the next page, write the letter that is on the same line in the puzzle to discover the answer to the riddle. 17 | P a g e What do you call a country where all the cars are red? 18 | P a g e Mean, Median & Mode (Measures of Central Tendency) Watch the short tutorial with your teacher and then complete the first activity together. Click Here Q1. Find the mean, median and mode for the data set below. 5, 7, 2, 7, 6, 10, 9, 3, 10, 7, 8, 7 Mean Median = Mode Q2 Find the mean, median and mode for the data. Record your answers in the table below the set. Mean Median Mode 19 | P a g e Q3 Find the mean, median and mode for the data. Record your answers in the table below the set. Mean Median Mode Q4 Find the mean, median and mode for the data. Record your answers in the table below the set. Mean Median Mode Internet Activity Click Here 20 | P a g e Median Activities (odd data set) When you have an odd data set, the median can be found by placing the numbers in ascending order and crossing off the same number of numbers from each end - until you have found the middle number. Work with your teacher to find the median of the odd data set below. Individual Activity (odd data sets) 1. Find the median for each of the data sets below. 21 | P a g e 2. The image below is from a popular on-line game where you find the median of the numbered ball then shoot it with the cannon. Which ball would you shoot? Classifying Data Kahoot Click Here 22 | P a g e Measures of Spread (Range) The range is the difference between the lowest number in the data set and the highest number in the data set. To find the range, subtract the smallest number from the largest. An example is shown below: Range = 8 – 2 Range = 6 Find the range for each of the data sets below. Data Set More Mean, Median, Mode and Range Activities Click Here 23 | P a g e Range Individual Activity Find the mean (average) of the numbers in each data set below and rule a line to join each set to its mean. Each line will go through a letter. The numbers in the grid on the next page are the means. Place the letter that goes with the mean in the correct box to discover a well know saying. 24 | P a g e Well Known Saying Internet Activity Click Here 25 | P a g e Individual Activity The data below is of the results for Mr Horan and Mr McHugh’s Maths test. Find the mean, median, and mode for each class and state which teacher’s class performed the best. Place your results in the table below. Grades for Mr Horan’s class: 60, 68, 70, 75, 84, 86, 90, 91, 92, 94, 94, 96 Grades for Mr McHugh’s class: 60, 60, 70, 71, 73, 73, 75, 76, 77, 84, 85, 86 Horan McHugh Mean Mean Median Median Mode Mode Internet Activity - Mean, Median and Mode Click Here 26 | P a g e Using a Formula to Find the Median It is often difficult to find the median when you have a very large set of numbers, so when faced with this problem we use a formula. The formula is : (n + 1) / 2 n = the number of numbers in the data set Odd data set Median = (n + 1) / 2 Example: The data set below has 13 numbers Median = (13 + 1) /2 Median = (14)/2 Median = 6, which is the 7th number in the data set below Individual Activity Work with your teacher to find the median of the data sets by using the formula (N+1) / 2. 1. 27 | P a g e Individual Activity 1. Use the formula to find the median shoe size for the under 12 soccer team. 2. Calculate the median age of apprentices at O’Toole’s Industrial Welding Company, using the formula. 28 | P a g e Using a Formula to Find the Median Even data set Example: The data set below has 14 numbers. Median = (14 + 1) /2 Median = (15) /2 Median = 7.5, or the 7.5th number. *Add the 7th and the 8th number together and divide by 2 Median = 23 + 25 or 48 Median = 24 Individual Activity Work with your teacher to find the median of the data set below by using the formula (N+1) / 2. 1. The median age of an apprentice at Mr Horan’s Industrial Welding Company. 29 | P a g e Individual Activity 1. Use the formula to find the median number of hours worked by the teachers in the English department last week. 2. Use the formula to find the median number of homework detentions given by the teachers in the mathematics department last term. Internet Activity Answer the ten quick questions about the median Click Here Want More Help? Click Here 30 | P a g e Finding the Measures of central tendency visually With your teacher, create three rules for finding the median, mean and mode from data displays, rather than data sets. Then use the rules to determine the mean, median and mode of each of the dot plots on the next page. You will want to look at the dot plots below to get some ideas for the rules. 31 | P a g e Individual Activity - Finding the measures of central tendency and spread visually Find each of the measures indicated in the table below. Median: Median: Mode: Mode: Mean: Mean: Range: Range: Internet Activity - Partner Mean, median and Mode Game Click Here 32 | P a g e Individual Activity Find the median, mean, mode and range of the dot plots. Record your answers in the table below. Median: Median: Mode: Mode: Mean: Mean: Range: Range: 33 | P a g e Flip Card Revision Click Here Write your answers to the teacher’s flip card questions in the spaces below 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 34 | P a g e Additional Homework Tasks 1. The pictograph below represents the most popular videos hired from Mathsville video stores. a) How many times was Bermuda Triangle hired? b) How many times was Quadrilateral blues hired? c) How many more hirings of the Pentagon Conspiracy video were there than the Quadrilateral Blues video? 35 | P a g e 2. a) b) c) d) e) 36 | P a g e 3. The graph below shows the test marks of a group of students a) What is the title for this graph? b) What is the label on the vertical axis? c) What is the label on the horizontal axis? d) Which student has the highest mark? g) What was Paul’s mark? h) What was George’s mark? 37 | P a g e 4. Play Zap, zap math. Click Here 5. Create a frequency table of the results (out of 75) by students in a mathematics test. 69, 58, 66, 58, 66, 64, 64, 66, 69, 66, 83, 66, 63, 69, 66, 66, 64, 58, 64, 69, 62, 60, 59 6. Create a frequency table of the first 50 decimal places in π : 3.14159265358979323846264338327950288419716939937510 Frequency Table for Math Scores Score (Results) Total 38 | P a g e Tally Frequency Table for π decimals Frequency Score (π decimal) Tally Frequency Total 7. Find the mode, median and mean of the following: a) 3, 12, 11, 7, 5, 5, 6, 4, 10 b) 16, 19, 10, 24, 19 c) 8, 2, 8, 5, 5, 8 d) 28, 39, 42, 29, 39, 40, 36, 46, 41, 30 e) 133, 215, 250, 108, 206, 159, 206, 178 39 | P a g e