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1.0 The effects of using ICT NEW

The effects of using ICT
Chapter 5
Why I made this slide?
Textbook is so easy
IGCSE question is complex
Learning objectives
At the end of this presentation, you should be able to answer any
questions related to effects of using ICT
The effects of ICT on employment
Negative effects
• Job losses either in offices or industries
• Robots are used in many business nowadays
• These robots replace human workers
Advantages of robots over humans
• Higher productivity
• More accurate or consistent result
• They work non-stop without breaks
• They don’t get bored by repetitive tasks
• They don’t go on strike
• They can do dangerous job such as in the jungle
Disadvantages of robots
• They are expensive to purchase
• They are expensive to set up
• They are costly to maintain or repair when broken
• They often need reprogramming for every additional
• If it breaks, production will be affected
Positive impacts of ICT
• It has created job opportunities in many areas such as:
• Network manager and computer technician
• Website designer
• System analyst
• Programmers
• Computer engineers
• Delivery drivers
The effects of ICT on working patterns
Full Time
employees will normally work over 5 full days
• typically 9am till 4 or 5pm
• will complete between 35 – 40 hours a week.
• working fewer hours per week than full
time, or working fewer hours per day
Compressed Hours
• employee are still working full time hours.
• however the same amount of hours are
completed over less days.
• employees will work more hours in one day.
Job Sharing
• full time job is divided between two part time
• both employees do the same job – same
• one employee could work in the morning and the
other in the afternoon or the first or second part
of the week.
IGCSE Questions on Chapter One
Some of the effects of using
ICT related questions
2013 - 2019
Overall wage bill is reduced as there are
fewer workers
Productivity is higher/the robot can
work all day long therefore is more
It has a set path/route to follow which
means that staff know when it is due
Less expensive in the long run/doesn’t
get paid
Less mistakes are made/more accurate
Allow humans to do more skilled work
Greater consistency
Work 24/7/without breaks
• The cost of buying/set up robot is expensive
• It can only carry out one task
• Stairs can be a problem
• Payload size can be an issue
• Expensive to maintain (only if Less expensive in the long
run has not been given)
• Replace labour, leads to increased redundancy payments
• Robots can work in sterile areas where
humans would need protective clothing
• Robots can easily be used for transferring large
delicate items
• Robots can work 24/7 / continuously
• Cheaper in the long run / robots not paid
• More accurate as the lens needs to be precise
/ higher quality of lens
• More frequent checking of the equipment /
• They do the boring / laborious work Issues can
be found quicker
• Task / job can be carried out far quicker
• Max four from: Disadvantages
• Very expensive to buy / higher in the short
• Maintenance is very expensive
• Difficult to re-program when changes are
• Requires backup systems, which are
• They replace skilled workers, leading to
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The effect of using ICT