Uploaded by Adam Ford

ethics notes

Research ethics and integrity:
3 core themes of course Research skills, methodological preparation and professional skills.
Ethics are a code of conduct that govern what people do. Concerned with actions and behaviours. For
this module, the focus will be on ethical dilemmas and integrity in scientific research.
Ethics is the moral distinction between right and wrong, not necessarily everything that’s legal is ethical
and vice-versa.
Ethical standards in research are set by various institutions and professional associations.
4 pillars of ethics  professional self regulation, government oversight rules and legislation,
instsitutional policy universities own policeis, personal responsibility
What is research misconduct?
Disrespecting human subjects pressure to participate/inability to withdraw, not respecting
anonomoity, abuse of vulnerable, no informed consent
Fabrication- data/results or reporting
Falsification- manipulating/omitting results so research not accurately represented by report
Plagiarism- appropriation of another persons ideas/words without giving credit
5 principles of research integrity
Honesty- no fabrication/falsification. Clear link between results and data
Scrupulousness- use methods that are accepted in field + clear what methods and why used
Transparency- clear what data is/ what it is based on should use open data,
Independence- no commercial or political interest, report findings fairly + honestly
5. Responsibility- doesn’t operate in isolation + must take others into account
FEB research ethics committee
Potential adverse effect on human participants
Violtaions of privacy
Voluntary nature of research participation
Use of underage participants
Provide sufficient information to participants
Citi knowledge
It’s a universal training programme based in the USA, it will sensitise and qualify you, not make you
into philosphers!
4 modules: Plagiarism, privacy, data management, misconduct