revolution. We will help you to plant the seeds of your IoT project ideas and discover what you need to make them grow. Internet of Things In this introductory course, we will provide a thorough overview of what the Internet of Things is, what it can do, and where it is going. The knowledge you gain will enable you to be part of the IoT revolution. We will help you to plant the seeds of your IoT project ideas and discover what you need to make them grow. Course Description: The Internet of Things (IoT) is expanding at a rapid rate, and it is becoming increasingly important for professionals to understand what it is, how it works, and how to harness its power to improve business. This introductory course will enable learners to leverage their business and/or technical knowledge across IoT related functions in the workplace. In the course, we will examine the concept of IoT. We will look at the ‘things’ that make up the Internet of Things, including how those components are connected together, how they communicate, and how they value add to the data generated. We will also examine cyber security and privacy issues, and highlight how IoT can optimise processes and improve efficiencies in your business. Course Intended Learning Outcomes: In this course you will: Distinguish concepts on Internet of Things, end devices, networks, programming, and security and privacy implications of IoT Appreciate the role of big data, cloud computing and data analytics in a typical IoT system Apply IoT ideas within their field and area of expertise. Determine what constitutes an IoT solution Design IoT proposal applicable to business Module 1: Overview of Internet of Things (IoT) In this module, we will provide you with a thorough overview of what the Internet of Things is, what it can do, and where it is going. The knowledge you gain will enable you to be part of the IoT Module 2: The ‘things’ of the Internet of Things In the previous module, you had a good picture of what IoT is and its huge role in developing the cities around the world. In this module, we will be focusing on the two basic things that play extremely important roles in IoT: sensors and actuators. Module 3: Networking In IoT This module presents the IoT Networking Architecture and the various connectivity technologies that are used in IoT applications. The process of IoT communication is also included in this module together with the protocols used in IoT. Module 4: Languages of IoT Devices Software applications are not only for entertainment but also for making our data more useful. With the increasing demand for these software applications, several jobs in the programming industries have opened. This module will present the common software used in programming an IoT system. The types of data collected and produced by an IoT device including their qualities are also presented here. Module 5: The Internet of Things (IoT) is making for a more convenient, efficient, and enjoyable world, but IoT can also feature some serious security flaws. This module discusses the IoT challenges in security, vulnerabilities, and privacy. The knowledge you gain will enable you to be part of the IoT revolution. You will be conceptualizing an IoT solution in your field of specialization. Lesson 1: Evolution of Internet of Things 1982: The Internet of Things (IoT), sometimes referred to as the Internet of Objects, will change everything—including ourselves. This may seem like a bold statement, but consider the impact the Internet already has had on education, communication, business, science, government, and humanity. Clearly, the Internet is one of the most important and powerful creations in all of human history. Now consider that IoT represents the next evolution of the Internet, taking a huge leap in its ability to gather, analyze, and distribute data that we can turn into information, knowledge, and, ultimately, wisdom. In this context, IoT becomes immensely important. Programmers at Carnegie Mellon University connect a Coca-Cola vending machine to the Internet, allowing them to check if the machine has cold sodas before going to purchase one. This is often cited as one of the first IoT devices. Already, IoT projects are under way that promise to close the gap between poor and rich, improve distribution of the world’s resources to those who need them most, and help us understand our planet so we can be more proactive and less reactive. Even so, several barriers exist that threaten to slow IoT development, including the transition to IPv6, having a common set of standards, and developing energy sources for millions—even billions—of minute sensors. However, as businesses, governments, standards bodies, and academia work together to solve these challenges, IoT will continue to progress. The goal of this module is to educate you in plain and simple terms so you can be well versed in IoT and understand its potential to change everything we know to be true today. A timeline of selected major events in IoT 1969: ARPANET, the precursor to the modern Internet, is developed and put into service by DARPA, the U.S Defense Advanced Research Projects agency. This is foundational to the “Internet” part of the Internet of Things. 1980s: ARPANET is opened up to the public by commercial providers, making it possible for people to connect things if they want to. 1990: John Romkey, in response to a challenge, connected a toaster to the Internet and was able to successfully turn it on and off, bringing us even closer to what we think of as modern IoT devices. 1993: Engineers at the University of Cambridge, upholding the now well-established tradition of combining the Internet with appliances and food, develops a system that takes pictures of a coffee machine three times a minute, allowing its status to be remotely monitored by workers. World’s first webcam! 1995: The first version of the long-running GPS satellite program run by the U.S. government is finally completed, a big step towards proving one of the most vital components for many IoT devices: location. 1998: IPv6 becomes a draft standard, enabling more devices to connect to the internet than previously allowed by IPv4. While 32-bit IPv4 only provides enough unique identifiers for around 4.3 billion devices, 128-bit IPv6 has enough unique identifiers for up to 2^128, or 340 undecillion. (That’s 340 with 36 zeroes!) 1999: This is a big year for IoT, since it’s when the phrase was probably first used. Kevin Ashton, the head of MIT’s Auto-ID labs, included it in a presentation to Proctor & Gamble executives as a way to illustrate the potential of RFID tracking technology. 2000: 2011: LG announces what has become one of the quintessential IoT devices: the Internet refrigerator. It was an interesting idea, complete with screens and trackers to help you keep track of what you had in your fridge, but its $20,000+ USD price tag didn’t earn it a lot of love from consumers. Market research firm Gartner adds IoT to their “hype cycle,” which is a graph used to measure the popularity of a technology versus its actual usefulness over time. As of 2018, IoT was just coming off of the peak of inflated expectations and may be headed for a reality check in the trough of disillusionment before ultimately hitting the plateau of productivity. 2004: 2013: The phrase “Internet of Things” starts popping up in book titles and makes scattered media appearances. Google Glass is released – a revolutionary step in IoT and wearable technology but possibly ahead of its time. It flops pretty hard. 2007: 2014: The first iPhone appears on the scene, offering a whole new way for the general public to interact with the world and Internet-connected devices. 2008: The first international IoT conference is held in Zurich, Switzerland. The year is fitting, since it’s also the first year that the number of Internetconnected devices grew to surpass the number of humans on earth. 2009: Google starts self-driving car tests, and St. Jude Medical Center releases Internet-connected pacemakers. St. Jude’s device will go on to make yet more history by being the first IoT medical device to suffer a major security breach in 2016 (without casualties, fortunately). Also, Bitcoin starts operation, a precursor to blockchain technologies that are likely to be a big part of IoT. 2010: The Chinese government names IoT as a key technology and announces that it is part of their long-term development plan. In the same year Nest releases a smart thermostat that learns your habits and adjusts your home’s temperature automatically, putting the “smart home” concept in the spotlight. Amazon releases the Echo, paving the way for a rush into the smart home hub market. In other news, an Industrial IoT standards consortium form demonstrates the potential for IoT to change the way any number of manufacturing and supply chain processes work. 2016: General Motors, Lyft, Tesla, and Uber are all testing self-driving cars. Unfortunately, the first massive IoT malware attack is also confirmed, with the Mirai botnet assaulting IoT devices with manufacturer-default logins, taking them over, and using them to DDoS popular websites. 2017-2019: IoT development gets cheaper, easier, and more broadly-accepted, leading to small waves of innovation all over the industry. Self-driving cars continue to improve, blockchains and AI begin to be integrated into IoT platforms, and increased smartphone/broadband penetration continues to make IoT an attractive proposition for the future. Lesson 2 - Demystifying Internet of Things This lesson will look at the different definition of IoT to better understand these technologies as they fit into the real world. What is the Internet of Things? “The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-tocomputer interaction.” The Internet of Things, or IoT, refers to the billions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet, all collecting and sharing data. The Internet of Things (IoT) describes the network of physical objects—“things”—that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet. These devices range from ordinary household objects to sophisticated industrial tools. With more than 7 billion connected IoT devices today, experts are expecting this number to grow to 10 billion by 2020 and 22 billion by 2025. Lesson 3 - Application of IoT in Society The impact of technology on business is prominent. With a major shift in the technological world, businesses need to adapt to trending technologies to stay ahead. It has bridged the gap between digital and physical realities. Smart Home Smart home technology, also often referred to as home automation or domotics (from the Latin "domus" meaning home), provides homeowners security, comfort, convenience and energy efficiency by allowing them to control smart devices, often by a smart home app on their smartphone or other networked device. A part of the internet of things (IoT), smart home systems and devices often operate together, sharing consumer usage data among themselves and automating actions based on the homeowners' preferences. Wearable Technology Wearable technology, also known as "wearables", is a category of electronic devices that can be worn as accessories, embedded in clothing, implanted in the user's body, or even tattooed on the skin. The devices are hands-free gadgets with practical uses, powered by microprocessors and enhanced with the ability to send and receive data via the Internet. Smarter cities More than half of the world's population now lives in cities—up from just 34% in the 1960s. By mid-century that figure could reach 66% according to the United Nations. Cities are major contributors to climate change, and some are already feeling its impact through rising sea levels and increasingly severe weather events. But cities are also great incubators for IoTbased systems that make urban life more attractive, such as fast, convenient transportation systems, safe street lighting and energy-efficient buildings. In Barcelona, a citywide WiFi and information network linked to sensors, software and a data analytics platform has enabled the city to provide smart water technology, automated street lighting, remote-controlled irrigation for parks and fountains, “on-demand” waste pickups, digital bus routes and smart parking meters. These IoT-enabled urban services have dramatically reduced traffic jams and pollution, as well as water, light and energy usage. Smarter cities Many other cities are also putting the Internet of Things to work. Chicago is testing a city-wide network of sensors called the “Array of Things” The sensors serve as a sort of fitness tracker for the city, collecting data on air quality, climate, traffic and other metrics. The information is sent to an open data portal where user groups can consume it for a range of applications. Las Vegas is using the Internet of Things to improve traffic flow, while in South Korea, the entire smart city of Songdo is built around the Internet of Things. Songdo’s networks are designed to ensure its buildings, transportation system and infrastructure are as efficient as possible Smart Farming Smart Farming is a farming management concept using modern technology to increase the quantity and quality of agricultural products. Farmers in the 21st century have access to GPS, soil scanning, data management, and Internet of Things technologies. By precisely measuring variations within a field and adapting the strategy accordingly, farmers can greatly increase the effectiveness of pesticides and fertilizers, and use them more selectively. Similarly, using Smart Farming techniques, farmers can better monitor the needs of individual animals and adjust their nutrition correspondingly, thereby preventing disease and enhancing herd health. Autonomous Car An autonomous car is a vehicle capable of sensing its environment and operating without human involvement. A human passenger is not required to take control of the vehicle at any time, nor is a human passenger required to be present in the vehicle at all. An autonomous car can go anywhere a traditional car goes and do everything that an experienced human driver does. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) currently defines 6 levels of driving automation ranging from Level 0 (fully manual) to Level 5 (fully autonomous). These levels have been adopted by the U.S. Department of Transportation.