Uploaded by Jayson Pineda


Bayubay, Stephanie
Go, Patricia Ann
Characteristic What does this mean to the
of trainee
Language, literacy and This influences the methods you can use and
numeracy (LL&N)
the activities and task that are suitable to the
training and trainee. You must be prepared for
different LL&N levels and must have numerous
resources available for different requirements.
Cultural background
Be aware of different cultural backgrounds and
There maybe activities that you choose which
are inappropriate because of cultural
background and practices.
Educational and
general knowledge
General educational levels are helpful for you to
know at what level to pitch the delivery of the
The whole plan is affected if you have a group
of all female, all male or a mixture if there are
activities that involve demonstration, role play
and so on.
Age can affect the plan depending on what is
delivered, how it is delivered and at what pace it
is delivered.
Physical Ability
Be aware of any trainee who is less able than
others to perform physical task before the
beginning of the session.
Previous experience
with the topic
Different levels of experience can be useful, and
to plan well ahead, you should know who has
what experience so it can be used to you and
other trainees’ advantage
Previous learning
It is helpful if you have knowledge of trainees
general attitude towards learning.
Training level
This helps you identify other trainings
attended by your prospective students.
Special courses
You may use their special training and ability
in some special arrangements/assignments
during training.
Learning style
A trainee could be auditory, visual or
Other needs
This refers to the special needs that would be
requested by the trainees, e.g. schedule for
working student, single parent. Etc.
 The term “learning styles” speaks to the understanding
that every student learns differently. Technically, an
individual’s learning style refers to the preferential way
in which the student absorbs, processes, comprehends
and retains information.
Four Major groups of learner
 Visual learner
 Kinesthetic learner
 Auditory learner
 Reading and Writing learner
 takes mental pictures of information given, so in order
for this kind of learner to retain information, oral or
written, presentations of new information must contain
diagrams and drawings, preferably in color.
Visual learners are often:
1. Good spellers
2. Fast readers
3. Great at seeing the big picture
but often forget smaller details
4. Good at remembering faces
but have a hard time
remembering names
The visual learner will benefit
1. Color-coded notes
2. Using drawings to illustrate
3. Outlining information
4. Using mind maps and flash
 They are often referred to as hyperactive students with
concentration issues.
Kinesthetic learners are often:
 Gifted performers
 Naturally athletic
To get the most of an education
the kinesthetic learner can:
1. Choose classes with hands on
2. Study with loud music in the
3. Study in small group
4. Use memory and flashcards
5. Takes break often during study
 oral presentations are crucial for understanding a
subject, as the kind of learner has the ability to
remember speeches and lectures in detail but has a
hard time with written text.
The auditory learner often
1. Strong language skills
2. A well-developed
3. The ability to follow
spoken directions well
4. A hard time remembering
faces but remembering
For the auditory learner to get the most
out of classes it can be helpful to:
1. Record lectures
2. Use word associations
3. Listen to audiotapes
4. Read notes aloud
5. Sit in the front of the class where the
teacher can easily be seen and heard
6. Study and discuss subjects with other
 This type of learner is someone who needs to read
and/or write down the information to learn it. They do
well by using the traditional study method of reading
from a textbook and taking notes, and prefer to learn
through words. These learners tend to enjoy reading
and taking lots of notes.
The Reading and Writing
learners often has:
1. Can remember information
that they read or write down
2. Normally enjoy reading in
their free time
3. Tend to write very detailed
4. Prefer writing essays to
holding an oral presentation
5. Can articulate themselves
better when writing than
Of Learning styles
 A learning process and a style with the emphasis
on the need for the learning to be grounded in
experience, and the importance of a person being
active in learning.
Learns by having a go
How you learn
Learns most from
learning activities that
are directly relevant to
their situation.
Your focus
Learns most from
activities where they can
watch, listen and then
review what has
Learns most when
ideas are linked to
existing theories and