Bayubay, Stephanie Go, Patricia Ann 2-BTVTEd Characteristic What does this mean to the of trainee plan? Language, literacy and This influences the methods you can use and numeracy (LL&N) the activities and task that are suitable to the training and trainee. You must be prepared for different LL&N levels and must have numerous resources available for different requirements. Cultural background Be aware of different cultural backgrounds and practices. There maybe activities that you choose which are inappropriate because of cultural background and practices. Educational and general knowledge General educational levels are helpful for you to know at what level to pitch the delivery of the session. Gender The whole plan is affected if you have a group of all female, all male or a mixture if there are activities that involve demonstration, role play and so on. Age Age can affect the plan depending on what is delivered, how it is delivered and at what pace it is delivered. Physical Ability Be aware of any trainee who is less able than others to perform physical task before the beginning of the session. Previous experience with the topic Different levels of experience can be useful, and to plan well ahead, you should know who has what experience so it can be used to you and other trainees’ advantage Previous learning experience It is helpful if you have knowledge of trainees general attitude towards learning. Training level completed This helps you identify other trainings attended by your prospective students. Special courses You may use their special training and ability in some special arrangements/assignments during training. Learning style A trainee could be auditory, visual or kinesthetic. Other needs This refers to the special needs that would be requested by the trainees, e.g. schedule for working student, single parent. Etc. The term “learning styles” speaks to the understanding that every student learns differently. Technically, an individual’s learning style refers to the preferential way in which the student absorbs, processes, comprehends and retains information. Four Major groups of learner Visual learner Kinesthetic learner Auditory learner Reading and Writing learner takes mental pictures of information given, so in order for this kind of learner to retain information, oral or written, presentations of new information must contain diagrams and drawings, preferably in color. Visual learners are often: 1. Good spellers 2. Fast readers 3. Great at seeing the big picture but often forget smaller details 4. Good at remembering faces but have a hard time remembering names The visual learner will benefit from: 1. Color-coded notes 2. Using drawings to illustrate 3. Outlining information 4. Using mind maps and flash cards They are often referred to as hyperactive students with concentration issues. Kinesthetic learners are often: Gifted performers Naturally athletic To get the most of an education the kinesthetic learner can: 1. Choose classes with hands on labs 2. Study with loud music in the background 3. Study in small group 4. Use memory and flashcards 5. Takes break often during study oral presentations are crucial for understanding a subject, as the kind of learner has the ability to remember speeches and lectures in detail but has a hard time with written text. The auditory learner often has: 1. Strong language skills 2. A well-developed vocabulary 3. The ability to follow spoken directions well 4. A hard time remembering faces but remembering names For the auditory learner to get the most out of classes it can be helpful to: 1. Record lectures 2. Use word associations 3. Listen to audiotapes 4. Read notes aloud 5. Sit in the front of the class where the teacher can easily be seen and heard 6. Study and discuss subjects with other students This type of learner is someone who needs to read and/or write down the information to learn it. They do well by using the traditional study method of reading from a textbook and taking notes, and prefer to learn through words. These learners tend to enjoy reading and taking lots of notes. The Reading and Writing learners often has: 1. Can remember information that they read or write down 2. Normally enjoy reading in their free time 3. Tend to write very detailed notes 4. Prefer writing essays to holding an oral presentation 5. Can articulate themselves better when writing than talking Of Learning styles A learning process and a style with the emphasis on the need for the learning to be grounded in experience, and the importance of a person being active in learning. Learning by engaging Learns by having a go Activist Learning by doing Reflector Learning by reflecting How you learn Learns most from learning activities that are directly relevant to their situation. Your focus Pragmatist Learns most from activities where they can watch, listen and then review what has happened. Theorist Learning by thinking Learns most when ideas are linked to existing theories and concepts.