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NURS 1003 Chap 15 16 Key Words Steve King

Steven King
NURS 1003
Chapter 15/16 Key Words
Chapter 15 Key Words
community health promotion: includes assessing, addressing, and advocating for the health and
social problems, particularly of vulnerable groups.
developmental need: needs such as trust, love, and belonging, which change as a person moves
through each life-cycle period.
health-deviation need: a need based on an individual’s genetic or constitutional deviations from
health-illness continuum: the pathway each person moves along throughout their life between
states of illness and wellness, as well as between independence of and dependence on
health care services.
health promotion matrix: a model developed by Gorin and Arnold that recognizes that the
individual is surrounded and influenced by patient systems of family, group, and community. As
such, these systems can have a positive, supportive influence or a negative influence on the
patient’s health promotion.
Healthy People 2020: a national effort to improve the lives and health of all Americans. For 30
years, the government has encouraged informed decisions about healthful living through
collaboration across all communities of interest.
physical environment: the area around a patient that is composed of tangible factors where the
individual lives, from housing, furniture, and food to pollution, air, temperature, and bacteria.
Physical factors have concrete characteristics that can be seen, felt, tasted, touched,
or measured in some way.
primary health care: care that promotes independence and involves many
interventions, with the goal of maintaining independent, healthy individuals in a
self-care ability: the day-to-day personal care needed to function and develop that is affected by
several things, including but not limited to the individual’s age, developmental stage, health, and
environmental factors.
self-care deficit: having needs that go beyond their resources to manage
self-care requisite: needs that are essential that everyone must have to sustain and nurture life
self-health promotion: to promote healthy lifestyles in your patients, you first must model a
healthy lifestyle.
universal need: an essential requirement for everyone: food, shelter, air, water, and
other basic needs
Chapter 16 Key Words
clinical pathway: a standardized care map that defines nursing care, outcome criteria, and
evaluation time frames for specific disorders.
Consequence: an outcome or side effect.
cultural strain: the tension or pressure experienced by someone who has beliefs tested or when
the actions of others are contrary to the beliefs, placing him or her in a position that potentially
compromises these beliefs and thus hinders the healing process as a result.
dependent-care agency: the state of having either a self-care or dependent-care demand that
exceeds his or her selfcare agency. When this happens, the person is said to have a self-care or
dependent-care deficit.
manager of care: a registered nurse represents a collaborative care planner and organizer for the
patient based upon his needs.
secondary (acute) health care: a system of healthcare which has two basic requirements. 1)
Prevention of complicating disease and adverse effects of specific disease and prolonged
disability through early diagnosis and treatment (secondary treatment) and 2)Rehabilitation in
the event of disfigurement and disability (tertiary level of prevention) are specified in relation to
what is known about the nature and effects of specific diseases, valid methods of regulating
disease, and the human potential for living with and overcoming the disabling effects of disease.
self-care agency: the ability to accurately assess, and provide for, one’s own care.
social support: family or friends that from an assistance system around a patient and can help
the patient in times of need.
spiritual distress: the state a patient can arrive in when illness states remind the patient of the
fragility of life. For example, a patient can experience spiritual distress when confronted by:
1) potential life-or-death experience, or 2) a lifechanging event, such as becoming paralyzed;
losing a limb, sight, or hearing; or 3) learning to live with a debilitating illness.
tertiary care: care that is intended to provide health restoration and maintenance and to continue
with health promotion
Claywell. L (2018) Lpn to Rn Transitions, Elsevier, Inc