OURSELVES 2.1 All about me • I am a human • I am a living thing • I am alive Same, similar and different • Humans are the same in many ways. • We have two legs, two arms, a head and a body. • All humans do not look exactly the same. • Sometimes we look similar. • Humans do not like the same things. • We are not all the same size. We are different On the outside • Some of our body parts are on the outside Elbow Head Shoulder Arm Hand Leg Foot Chest Wrist Ankle knee 2.2 My head and face • Humans are the same in other ways • We all have a head, eyes, ears, a nose and a mouth. • But humans do not all look the same. • Our head, eyes, ears, nose and mouth are different. The five senses • Humans have five senses Sight (see) Touch (feel) Hearing Taste smell Our eyes • Eye brows: helps to keep sweat out of the eyes • Eyelids: shut out light and so we can sleep, also stop things from getting into the eyes • Eyelashes: help to protect the eyes from dust and sand • Pupil: lets light into the eyes, so that we can see • Iris: lets light into the eyes When you cannot see • Some people need help to see things • Some people cannot see at all • Other people need to wear glasses to help them to see more clearly 2.3 Looking closely • Binoculars: help to see distant objects near • Spectacles: helps in eye defects • Hand lens: magnificent view of the objects • Microscope: used in labs • Telescope: used to see extra terrestrial objects Touch • We can feel things by using our hands and other parts of our body. • Our sense of touch means we can tell what the texture of something like. • Our sense of touch tells whether something is rough, smooth, hot or cold. Rough, smooth, bumpy, prickly, fluffy, soft, lumpy, hard, jagged, cracked Rough Smooth Bumpy Prickly Fluffy Soft Lumpy Hard Jagged Cracked 2.4 Smell • We use our nose to smell things • Other animals also use their nose to smell • The nose has two holes called nostrils What can you smell • • • • • We like some smells We do not like other smells Our sense of smell helps us to keep safe We cannot smell food that has gone bad If we were to eat bad food, it would make us ill Funny smells • We like smells such as cakes baking. • Stinky socks smell horrible • The durian fruit smells horrible, but it tastes good 2.5 Taste • When we eat, we sense different tastes • If we look at our tongue in a mirror, we will see little bumps. These are taste buds • Taste buds help us to taste foods that are sweet, salty or sour. • We use our nose to taste. • Our sense of smell helps us to taste the thing that we eat. 2.6 Hearing • We hear with our ears • The sounds we hear enter our ears.