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Cerebral Palsy and Its
By: B. Johnson
English 333
November 12, 2008
 What is Cerebral Palsy
 Types of Cerebral Palsy
 Causes of Cerebral Palsy
 Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy
 Non-Physical Therapy Treatments
 Physical Therapy
 Reference
 Questions
What is Cerebral Palsy
 Cerebral Palsy-(CP)
A condition causes, neurological damage and
inhibits the child’s normal developmental
 Cerebral" refers to brain and "palsy" refers to
the lack of motor control.
Types of Cerebral Palsy
 Spastic- involves tense, contracted muscles.
 Athetoid- uncontrolled motion, in the face,
arms, and trunk.
 Ataxic- poor balance, stumbles and falls.
 Mixed forms- spastic muscle tone and
involuntary movements.
Causes of Cerebral Palsy
 Developmental malformations.
 Neurological damage that occurs before,
during or after birth.
Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy
Physical Symptoms Difficulty in sucking and poor muscle control.
 Muscle spasms and seizures.
Behavioral Symptoms Poor ability to concentrate.
 Emotional problems and mental retardation in
Non-Physical Therapy Treatments
 Speech Therapy-
A symptom of many people with cerebral
palsy is dsyphagia, difficulty in speaking.
 Occupational Therapy-
Help the patients develop skills like feeding,
tooth brushing and dressing.
Physical Therapy
Sitting Vertical head control.
 Control of head and trunk.
Standing and walking Establish an equal distribution of weight on
each foot.
 Train to use steps or inclines.
Works Cited Page
 Anderson, Kenneth, et al. Mosby's Medical,
Nursing and Allied Health Dictionary.
Chicago: Mosby, 1994.
 Gersh, Elliot, M.D. "What is Cerebral Palsy".
Children with Cerebral Palsy. 1990.
 Levitt, Sophie. Treatment of Cerebral Palsy
and Motor Delay. 3rd ed. Cambridge:
University Press, 1995.
Thank You