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Abu Anchari(11803010)

The role of NGOs poverty alleviation and mitigation of COVID19 in Bangladesh
Submitted To:
Md.Ruhul Amin
Associate Professor
Dept. of Public Administration
Comilla University
Submitted By:
Name: Md. Abu Anchari
Class ID: 11803010
Session: 2017-18
Date of Submission: 10/01/2020
full form of NGO is Non-Government Organization. Which means non-
governmental organization. These organizations are engaged in some developmental activities of the
country. In the light of complete private financing and sound planning, NGOs are those organizations
which are directed towards the development of the society. It is a kind of aid agency, which does not run
directly on government aid or government control. They are also called non-political organizations.NGOs
have been a hot topic in developed and developing countries since the post-World War II period. In the
socio-economic context of developing countries in the Third World, NGO activities have been developed
by capitalizing on poverty. The role of these NGOs in the rural development of an agricultural country
like Bangladesh is undeniable. They have engaged themselves in various developmental activities at the
village level. At present the number of local and foreign NGOs in Bangladesh is continuously increasing.
Definition of NGO: A non governmental organisation (NGO) is generally considered to be any non
state, non profit, voluntary organisation
Non Governmental Organization (NGO) is a group, organization, non profit establishment or non profit
entrepreneurship of individuals, activists, voluntary and social persons. NGO is a community, persons,
volunteers, civilians and citizens who are working or associated for social welfare and social
development. If a group of person or community want to work for social change and on certain issues it
can work as NGO without getting registration.
A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a non-profit group that functions independently of
any government. NGOs, sometimes called civil societies, are organized on community, national
and international levels to serve a social or political goal such as humanitarian causes or the
Characteristics of NGO:
1.NGO is a kind of non-profit organization.
2.NGO never has any relationship with any political party. It does not even work for any party.
3.NGO does important work to solve various social problems such as education, medical services, food
aid etc.
4.NGO has various works in social development.
5.They are independent of government.
6.They are formed voluntarily.
Role of NGO in poverty alleviation:The role of NGOs in poverty alleviation is undeniable. The
role of NGOs is the most important in the formation of Bangladesh after independence. He is still
working relentlessly for Bangladesh. Especially in rural environment this service is being provided more
because the people of the village are suffering from more problems. To make the people of the village
self-reliant, NGOs provide various services such as food aid in times of need, medical services to the
needy, education to the poor, clothing to the needy, Providing houses to homeless people etc. He has
arranged micro loans to make people self-reliant.
Agricultural Development: As Bangladesh is an agricultural country, NGOs focus on development in
agriculture. Most of the rural poor population is dependent on agriculture. The NGO thinks that the
development of agriculture will alleviate some of the poverty. In order to develop agriculture, various
NGOs are giving agricultural loans to the poor people. In addition to agricultural loans, they also provide
high quality seeds to the peasantry.
Job creation and income growth: Unemployment is one of the problems in Bangladesh.
Unemployment is one of the causes of our poverty. NGOs are providing loan assistance to reduce
unemployment, create employment and increase income. The loan assistance activities of NGOs are
irrigation projects for landless people, fish farming in canals and ponds, fishing in coastal areas, weaving
industry, distribution of agricultural inputs to landless sharecroppers, etc. In addition, hundreds of
women and men are playing a leading role in alleviating poverty by providing cattle, poultry vaccination
and treatment, tree-nursery, etc., education and loans.
Spreading education: Education is the backbone of the nation. Education controls everything in the
country, so NGOs have been spreading education with the aim of alleviating poverty in Bangladesh. If
poverty is to be eradicated, illiteracy must be eradicated first. NGOs like BRAC, UNICEF, Fair etc. are
playing a rural role in expanding the education system by constructing schools, houses, distributing
books, notebooks and pens among the students. In addition, Grameen Bank has introduced higher
education, loans and scholarships for the development of education.
Relief and Rehabilitation Work: In the event of a natural disaster, NGOs come forward with their
best resources to provide relief and rehabilitation. The construction of cyclone centers in flood, disaster
and coastal areas has also given shelter to the homeless. NGOs have so far set up 260 flood shelters in
coastal districts.
Creation of self-reliant workers: Millions of educated, semi-educated and uneducated youth of our
country are suffering from the curse of unemployment due to lack of employment. NGOs help these
unemployed youths to create self-reliant workers by providing technical education, training and capital.
Health care: Health is the key to development. To this end, NGOs are playing a special role in the
expansion and development of health services. A number of NGOs are playing an important role in
health care through the implementation of programs such as family planning, leprosy treatment, child
and maternal care, expanded immunization programs for children, nutrition education and primary
health care, free medicine distribution, etc.
Population Control: Explosion is one of the major problems in Bangladesh. NGOs have adopted family
planning methods and birth control methods to control the population.
The role of NGO in mitigation of COVID19 in Bangladesh
: NGOs work side by side with
the government. NGOs whose activities are related to social issues. Solving various problems of the
society, social development, bringing social discipline etc. The corona virus spreads all over the world as
a social disease, the corona virus also invades Bangladesh. Due to the closure of the workplace, the
working people of Bangladesh are in extreme distress and suffer various hardships in their lives. NGOs
have taken various steps to control the coronavirus. NGOs have played a successful role in any disaster
in Bangladesh. In the same way, the invisible force has made various preparations against the
coronavirus. The following are some of the activities that have played a major role in the eradication of
Raising Awareness: The first thing NGOs did was raise awareness. Awareness has been given more
importance to maintain the social and physical distance of the people as the innumerable staff of NGOs
can easily extend this service to the marginalized people of the country. NGOs have played a role in
informing people about the different symptoms of coronavirus. They have also provided assistance in
getting first aid and identifying coronavirus.
Relief: NGOs have distributed relief to the poor and needy to combat the coronavirus. As a result of the
lockdown, NGO has delivered food to the doorsteps of helpless, helpless people.
Distribution of health products and masks: NGOs have tried to control the coronavirus by
distributing health products and masks along with health awareness. Distribution of masks among the
people has been tried to prevent the spread of coronavirus.
Disinfectant spraying: Disinfection by spraying disinfectant in important places of the city to prevent
the spread of coronavirus.People have been made aware by installing hand sanitizers in various
important places. NGOs have provided free hand sanitizers to the common people of the village. NGOs
have played a major role in controlling corona by disinfecting various important organizations.
Conclusion:The non-governmental organizations in Bangladesh are coming forward to solve various
problems in Bangladesh, the government should provide adequate assistance to NGOs to work. Poverty
alleviation has changed the living standards of the marginalized people of this country. In continuation
of this, it has also shown success in controlling the current coronavirus. The government should properly
evaluate NGOs.