Uploaded by Shubham Khoker

EN 606 transport Metrics

Source: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/air/transport-related-emissions-in-megacitiesdelhi-on-top-bhopal-emits-the-least-61443
Every year, an average Mumbaiite emits 3.83 tonnes of carbon dioxide, which is equivalent to
emissions from a small petrol car making 76 round trips between Mumbai and Pune (a distance
of 165km)
Mumbai’s carbon footprint is double the national average of 1.4 tonnes of
carbon dioxide.
This is one of the findings from data compiled by Dadar-based nongovernment organisation Environmental Management Centre (EMC), after
calculating the personal carbon footprint of 503 people across India.
The carbon footprint for a Mumbaiite was concentrated in the range of 0.51
to 7 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year.
The analysis found that higher income groups have a higher carbon
consumption lifestyle as compared to those from lower income groups. “The
wealthy need to understand climate change because they are the ones who
own two to three cars and use air-conditioners; all of which are high carbon
dioxide emitters. Cutting down on electricity bills and car fuel will also mean
monetary gain for the individual,
Studies show that India’s road transport emissions are small in global comparison but
increasing exponentially. In fact, the Global Carbon Project reports that India’s carbon
emissions are rising more than two times as fast as the global rise in 2018. Globally,
the transport sector accounts for a quarter of total emissions, out of which three
quarters are from road transport. Reducing CO2 emissions of road transport leverages
multiple co-benefits, for example, improving air quality and increasing physical
activity, which are critical for well-being, particularly in urban areas.
In India, we find in our new study (published in Environmental Research Letters),
that income and urbanisation are the key determinants of travel distance and travel
mode choice and, therefore, commuting emissions. The way cities are built and the
design of public transit are critical for low-carbon mobility systems. The study is
based on the most recent results of the Indian Census in 2011.
India is one of the world’s largest producers and consumers in two- and threewheelers and Indian companies can take a leading role in switching to electric
vehicles. This will also help in transforming India’s vision of ‘Make in India’.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-wheels-to-a-low-carbontransport-system/article28492992.ece
The total number of vehicles plying on roads in Navi Mumbai has increased by more
than 3 times in the last 5 years and correspondingly the consumption of petroleum
products for transport, especially diesel and petrol also increased by 1.14 and 1.33
times respectively, during the same period. The transport sector consumed 164.55
thousand MT of petroleum Carbon Inventory of Navi Mumbai City 2 products in Navi
Mumbai. This translated to around 18% (509.47 thousand tCO2) of the total GHG
emissions, as against the global share of 22% and national share of 12% of GHG
emissions from the transport sector. Consumption of diesel in transport accounted to
320.06 thousand tCO2, 63% of the emission. It is interesting to note that CNG
(Compressed Natural Gas) vehicles account to mere 1% of the total vehicles in Navi
Mumbai, however the emissions from CNG usage accounts to 10% (53.90 thousand
CO2) of the emission in transport sector. This is majorly attributed to use of CNG is
public transport vehicles (buses, auto-rickshaws, taxies and so on) which are although
less in number have higher number of trips. A major boost in the intra-city public
transport is required to reduce dependence on private vehicles. Mass rapid transit
systems and innovative public transport systems should be integrated especially for
intra city movement. Battery operated vehicles (vehicles similar to golf carts) could be
deployed for point to point service for places with high footfall, especially in
commercial places like the Belapur CBD and institutional areas like Nerul.
Source: https://www.teriin.org/sites/default/files/201802/2012MC03%20Carbon%20Inventory_Navi%20Mumbai.pdf
Air Travel:
Add Short Distance Comparison
Bengaluru based ride-sharing company Quick Ride has shared some interesting
figures for the year 2019. The company says that last year, it helped in saving
over 53,000 tonnes of CO2 with around 27 million carpools.
Car- Swift Dzire-Diesel
4-5 yrs old car
Daily distance 50 kms( kurla to powai= 30-35kms)
Daily CO2 (Kg)= 8.04
Monthly= 8.04*30
Divide by 4 for 30 kms only.
Daily CO2(kg)= 5.02
Savings= 1102.3
% reduction = 37%
1km= 0.05 C02(kg)- per person
Capacity = 40+20
1km= 0.1 CO2 (Kg) per person
Each Coach Capacity= 400
Sources: https://www.tatapower.com/sustainability/calculate-carbonfootprints.aspx
Bike: Bajaj Avenger 220
Daily Dist. 2km
Annual Dist. = 2*365= 730km
Annual Emission= 98.2 Kg CO2
Source: http://www.fim-live.com/en/fim/thecommissions/sustainability/motorcycle-co2-emission-calculator/
Activa 5g
Engine 125cc or 110 cc
Annual: 86.4kg CO2