Dr. Aurelio Mendoza Memorial Colleges Ipil, Zamboanga Sibugay Midterm Exam Criminology 1 Name________________________________ Date___________ Score_____ Directions: for Test I read the statement or question very carefully. Write only the letter of your answer on separate paper(s), Test II copy the question? 1. The shape of the human skull is indicative of one's personality and could be used to predict criminality. What field of study is this? a. Heredity c. Physiognomy b. Phrenology d. Somatotype 2. It is an assumption that crimes against person predominate in the South Pole during warm season while crimes against property predominate in the North Pole and cold countries. a. thermic law of delinquency b. humidity and atmospheric pressure wind velocity c. wind velocity d. temperature 3. According to this sociological theory, criminal behavior is learned, and learning is a by-product of interaction. a. Neutralization Theory b. Differential Association Theory c. Psychodynamic Theory d. Differential Opportunity Theory 4. He and his associates conducted studies in which criminals were found to be significantly lower in their moral judgment development than non-criminals of the same social background. a. Albert Cohen c. Gresham Sykes b. Robert Merton d. Lawrence Kohlberg 5. He believed that criminal characteristics were inherited and recommended that people with such characteristics should not be allowed to reproduce. a. Charles Goring c. Robert Merton b. David Matza d. Travis Hirschi 6. When people commit crimes, the punishment is in the form of plagues, earthquakes, or other forms of desolation. What concept of criminality is this? a. Crime is caused by demon. b. Crime is caused by divine will. c. Crime is a matter of personal offense and retribution d Crime is equal to sin. 7. This family was studied by Henry Goddard to prove such that defects as criminality and feeble mindedness are hereditary. a. Juke Family c. Edward's Family b. Kallikak Family d. Hommy Family 8. Richard Dugdale's study of this family attempted to prove that criminality runs in the blood. a. Juke Family c. Edward's Family b. Kallikak Family d. Hommy Family 9. He became popular for his somatotyping theory. a. William Sheldon c. Albert Cohen b. Ernest Krestchmer d. George Fold 10.This body muscular type is described as athletic and muscular. Persons of this type are routinely active dominant, aggressive, and are the most likely to commit crimes. a. ectomorph c. mesomorph b endomorph d. sumomorph 11.Persons of this body type are tall, thin and bony. They are full of complaints, self-conscious and introverted. a. endomorph c. sumomorph b. ectomorph d. mesomorph 12.This body type is described as round and soft. Persons with this body build are typically relaxed, lazy and comfortable. a. endomorph c. ectomorph b. sumomorph d. mesomorph 13.It is the moral aspect of an individual's personality that allows a person to feel pride, shame and guilt. Thus, it is largely responsible for making a person follow the moral codes of society. a. id c. ego ideal and conscience b. ego d. superego 14.It represents the unconscious biological drives for sex, food, and other lifesustaining necessities. a. ego c. superego b. id d. ego and ideal conscience 15.It is a psychotic delusion characterized by incorrect or unreasonable ideas which can be seen as truth by people suffering from this disorder. a. depression c. paranoia b. schizophrenia d. neurosis 16. It is the uncontrollable or irresistible impulse to do something a. hysteria c. paranoia b. phobia d. obsessive-compulsive neurosis 17.He believed that some individuals performed criminal acts because they possessed an over developed superego, which led to constant feelings of guilt and anxiety a. David Abrahamsen c. Sigmund Freud b. August Aichorn d. Ernest Hooton 18.This psychological theory of behavior is based on the belief that people organize their thoughts into rules and laws and that the way in which those thoughts are organized results in either criminal or noncriminal behavior. a. Cognitive Theory b. Behavioral Theory c. Social Learning Theory d. Differential Association Theory 19.It is based on the belief that all behavior is learned and can be unlearned. Its major premise is that people alter their behavior according to the reactions it receives from others. a. Social Learning Theory c. Cognitive Theory b. Behavioral Theory d. Differential Association theory 20.According to this theory, people learn to be neither all deviant nor "all conforming" but rather strike a balance between the two opposing poles of behavior. a. Differential Association Theory b. Differential Reinforcement Theory c Neutralization Theory d. Social Disorganization Theory 21.This theory views the process of becoming a criminal as a learning experience in which potential delinquents and criminals master techniques that enable them to counterbalance conventional values and drift back and forth between illegitimate and conventional behavior. a. Social Disintegration Theory b. Differential Association Theory c. Neutralization Theory d. Strain Theory 22.According to him, a person with low sell control is more likely to become criminal. a. Lawrence Kohlberg c. Travis Hirschi b. Robert Agnew d. David Matza 23.This theory purports that crime is a destructive effect of capitalism and is caused by income or property inequality or by poverty. a. Radical Theory b Social Reaction Theory c Social Structure Theory d. Social Disorganization Theory 24.Based on this theory, the reaction of other people and the immediate effects of these reactions create deviance. A person who has engaged in a delinquent behavior is segregated from society and is called as "thief, "drug addict, or "criminal." a. Conflict Theory b. Delinquent Subcultures Theory c. Differential Opportunity Theory d. Labeling Theory 25.These laws were based on an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" concept of retribution. a. Code of Hammurabi c. early Greek laws b. divine laws d. Twelve Tables Test II Discussion 1. Why a Person Commits a Crime? 2. Why Alcoholism is significant to the study of criminology? 3. Why Home is included in the multiple factors of the causes of crime? 4. What are the conditions of a home to be a good home? Enumerate and explain each. 5. What is broken? Explain its negative impact to children.