Elements of Art Principles of Design The ingredients that make up a How you use the ingredients to work of art make art that works A mark than connects two points. It is longer than it is wide. The different between two related objects. An object that is 2dimensional – has height and width but no depth. Having an even distribution of visual weight. An object that is 3dimensional – has height, width, and depth. Common elements that tie an artwork together. The range of light to dark. Placing greater attention in an area to direct the viewer. The hue of an object made visible with light. The regular repetition of an element. The area where objects exist. The area surrounding the subject. Having real or implied motion. The surface quality of an object. The repetition of movement, like a beat in music or dance.