CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES BY: DAVID OUSMANOV MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. • MLK was born on January 15, 1929 and died on April 4, 1968 • In Montgomery, Alabama, King led a boycott against city buses that refused to let blacks sit in the front seats of the bus • MLK led the Southern Christian Leadership Conference or the SCLC and the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the mid1950s • In 1963, King and other leaders of the civil rights movement organized a huge march for equal rights in Washington, DC. With a massive crowd of over 200,000 followers, the march was protesting racial discrimination in employment, in schools, and they demanded minimum wage for all workers JOHN LEWIS • Born in Alabama in 1940 and is still living to this day, John Lewis grew up in a time of racial segregation • Lewis was a Freedom Rider, spoke at 1963's March on Washington • He was elected to Congress in 1986 and received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2011 • During the civil rights struggle, Lewis was arrested approximately 40 times ALBANY MOVEMENT • The Albany Movement was a desegregation campaign formed on November 17, 1961, in Albany, Georgia • The Albany Movement challenged all forms of racial segregation and discrimination in the city. • Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Leadership Conference (SCLC) joined the movement in December 1961 BROWN VERSUS BOARD OF EDUCATION • Brown versus Board of Education was one of the cornerstones of the civil rights movement, and helped establish the precedent that “separatebut-equal” education and other services were not, in fact, equal at all • Brown versus Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark 1954 Supreme Court case in which the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional. THE SNCC • The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was one of the major Civil Rights Movement organizations of the 1960s. • It emerged from the first wave of student sit-ins and formed at an April 1960 meeting organized by Ella Baker at Shaw University SCLC • The Southern Christian Leadership Conference's (SCLC) main aim was to advance the cause of civil rights in America but in a non-violent manner. • From its inception in 1957, its president was Martin Luther King – a post he held until his murder in 1968. MARCH ON WASHINGTON • March on Washington, in full March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, political demonstration held in Washington, D.C. • In 1963 by civil rights leaders to protest racial discrimination and to show support for major civil rights legislation that was pending in Congress. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 • The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement. THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965 • The Voting Rights Act of 1965, signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote as guaranteed under the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. ANDREW YOUNG • Andrew Jackson Young Jr. (born March 13, 1932) is an American politician, diplomat, and activist. • Beginning his career as a pastor, Young was an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement, serving as executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and a close confidant to Martin Luther King Jr. MAYNARD JACKSON • Maynard Holbrook Jackson Jr. was an American politician and attorney from Georgia, a member of the Democratic Party • And was elected in 1973 at the age of 35 as the first African-American mayor of Atlanta, Georgia and of any major city in the South. He served three terms THANK YOU ALL FOR WATCHING! I HOPE YOU ENJOYED THIS AS WELL LEARNED SOMETHING NEW TODAY!