Biological Organization of an Arctic Wolf Ecology-The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings. Organism An organism is an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form. The Arctic Wolf isis a subspecies of grey wolf native to Canada's Queen Elizabeth Islands, from Melville Island to Ellesmere Island. It is characterized by the name of Canis lupus arctos. They live their whole lives above the northern tree line in the Arctic tundra of North America and Greenland. Population A Population is group of same species living in the same area. The population of the Arctic Wolf is approximately 200. Community A community is a group or association of populations of two or more different species occupying the same geographical area and in a particular time. In the Arctic Wolf’s community there are: ● ● ● ● ● Arctic foxes Polar Bears Brown Bears Seals Whales ● ● ● ● ● Arctic Hares Muskox Lemmings Beetles Salmon Ecosystem An ecosystem is a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment. ● ● ● ● ● Biotic Factors Arctic foxes Polar Bears Brown Bears Seals Trees Abiotic Factors ● ● ● ● ● Ice Sun Dirt Water Rocks Biome A Biome is is a large region of Earth that has a certain climate and certain types of living things. The Arctic Wolf lives in the Tundra. The Tundra’s has average winter temperatures of -30° F and average summer temperatures of 37 - 54° F. The Tundra’s rainfall may vary in different regions of the arctic. Yearly precipitation, including melting snow, is 6 to 10 inches. Biosphere The Biosphere is also known as the ecosphere, is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems. A food chain is a hierarchical series of organisms each dependent on the next as a source of food. A food web is a system of interlocking and interdependent food chains.